Publications by authors named "Maria Tereza da Costa Oliveira"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Immunization stress-related responses presenting as psychogenic non-epileptic seizures following HPV vaccination in Rio Branco, Brazil.

Vaccine 2020 10 30;38(43):6714-6720. Epub 2020 Aug 30.

Immunization Unit/Family, Health Promotion and Life Course, Pan American Health Organization, 525 Twenty-third Street, NW Washington DC, USA. Electronic address:

Importance: The absence of a positive diagnosis of psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in immunization stress-related response (ISRR) clusters may have not only a direct impact on affected patients' health but may also reduce compliance to national vaccination programs. It is therefore crucial to develop efficient diagnostic tools and a feasible proposal for proper communication and treatment of ISRR.

Purpose: To explore the psychogenic nature of patients' convulsive seizures in a suspected outbreak of an ISRR cluster following human papillomavirus vaccination in Rio Branco, Brazil.

Methods: Twelve patients with convulsive seizures were submitted to prolonged intensive video-electroencephalography monitoring, brain magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid diagnostic testing, laboratory subsidiary examinations, and complete neurological and psychiatric evaluations.

Results: Ten patients received the positive diagnosis of PNES, and two patients received the diagnosis of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. No biological association was found between the HPV vaccine and the clinical problems presented by the patients.

Conclusions: Prolonged VEEG monitoring can contribute significantly to the positive diagnosis of PNES in ISRR clusters and to avoid hesitancy to vaccinate.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2020

Global respiratory syncytial virus-associated mortality in young children (RSV GOLD): a retrospective case series.

Lancet Glob Health 2017 10;5(10):e984-e991

Department of Paediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands; ReSViNET Respiratory Syncytial Virus Network, Utrecht, Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is an important cause of pneumonia mortality in young children. However, clinical data for fatal RSV infection are scarce. We aimed to identify clinical and socioeconomic characteristics of children aged younger than 5 years with RSV-related mortality using individual patient data.

Methods: In this retrospective case series, we developed an online questionnaire to obtain individual patient data for clinical and socioeconomic characteristics of children aged younger than 5 years who died with community-acquired RSV infection between Jan 1, 1995, and Oct 31, 2015, through leading research groups for child pneumonia identified through a comprehensive literature search and existing research networks. For the literature search, we searched PubMed for articles published up to Feb 3, 2015, using the key terms "RSV", "respiratory syncytial virus", or "respiratory syncytial viral" combined with "mortality", "fatality", "death", "died", "deaths", or "CFR" for articles published in English. We invited researchers and clinicians identified to participate between Nov 1, 2014, and Oct 31, 2015. We calculated descriptive statistics for all variables.

Findings: We studied 358 children with RSV-related in-hospital death from 23 countries across the world, with data contributed from 31 research groups. 117 (33%) children were from low-income or lower middle-income countries, 77 (22%) were from upper middle-income countries, and 164 (46%) were from high-income countries. 190 (53%) were male. Data for comorbidities were missing for some children in low-income and middle-income countries. Available data showed that comorbidities were present in at least 33 (28%) children from low-income or lower middle-income countries, 36 (47%) from upper middle-income countries, and 114 (70%) from high-income countries. Median age for RSV-related deaths was 5·0 months (IQR 2·3-11·0) in low-income or lower middle-income countries, 4·0 years (2·0-10·0) in upper middle-income countries, and 7·0 years (3·6-16·8) in high-income countries.

Interpretation: This study is the first large case series of children who died with community-acquired RSV infection. A substantial proportion of children with RSV-related death had comorbidities. Our results show that perinatal immunisation strategies for children aged younger than 6 months could have a substantial impact on RSV-related child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries.

Funding: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2017

Global, regional, and national disease burden estimates of acute lower respiratory infections due to respiratory syncytial virus in young children in 2015: a systematic review and modelling study.

Ting Shi David A McAllister Katherine L O'Brien Eric A F Simoes Shabir A Madhi Bradford D Gessner Fernando P Polack Evelyn Balsells Sozinho Acacio Claudia Aguayo Issifou Alassani Asad Ali Martin Antonio Shally Awasthi Juliet O Awori Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner Henry C Baggett Vicky L Baillie Angel Balmaseda Alfredo Barahona Sudha Basnet Quique Bassat Wilma Basualdo Godfrey Bigogo Louis Bont Robert F Breiman W Abdullah Brooks Shobha Broor Nigel Bruce Dana Bruden Philippe Buchy Stuart Campbell Phyllis Carosone-Link Mandeep Chadha James Chipeta Monidarin Chou Wilfrido Clara Cheryl Cohen Elizabeth de Cuellar Duc-Anh Dang Budragchaagiin Dash-Yandag Maria Deloria-Knoll Mukesh Dherani Tekchheng Eap Bernard E Ebruke Marcela Echavarria Carla Cecília de Freitas Lázaro Emediato Rodrigo A Fasce Daniel R Feikin Luzhao Feng Angela Gentile Aubree Gordon Doli Goswami Sophie Goyet Michelle Groome Natasha Halasa Siddhivinayak Hirve Nusrat Homaira Stephen R C Howie Jorge Jara Imane Jroundi Cissy B Kartasasmita Najwa Khuri-Bulos Karen L Kotloff Anand Krishnan Romina Libster Olga Lopez Marilla G Lucero Florencia Lucion Socorro P Lupisan Debora N Marcone John P McCracken Mario Mejia Jennifer C Moisi Joel M Montgomery David P Moore Cinta Moraleda Jocelyn Moyes Patrick Munywoki Kuswandewi Mutyara Mark P Nicol D James Nokes Pagbajabyn Nymadawa Maria Tereza da Costa Oliveira Histoshi Oshitani Nitin Pandey Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà Lia N Phillips Valentina Sanchez Picot Mustafizur Rahman Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo Zeba A Rasmussen Barbara A Rath Annick Robinson Candice Romero Graciela Russomando Vahid Salimi Pongpun Sawatwong Nienke Scheltema Brunhilde Schweiger J Anthony G Scott Phil Seidenberg Kunling Shen Rosalyn Singleton Viviana Sotomayor Tor A Strand Agustinus Sutanto Mariam Sylla Milagritos D Tapia Somsak Thamthitiwat Elizabeth D Thomas Rafal Tokarz Claudia Turner Marietjie Venter Sunthareeya Waicharoen Jianwei Wang Wanitda Watthanaworawit Lay-Myint Yoshida Hongjie Yu Heather J Zar Harry Campbell Harish Nair

Lancet 2017 Sep 7;390(10098):946-958. Epub 2017 Jul 7.

Centre for Global Health Research, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK; Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Background: We have previously estimated that respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was associated with 22% of all episodes of (severe) acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) resulting in 55 000 to 199 000 deaths in children younger than 5 years in 2005. In the past 5 years, major research activity on RSV has yielded substantial new data from developing countries. With a considerably expanded dataset from a large international collaboration, we aimed to estimate the global incidence, hospital admission rate, and mortality from RSV-ALRI episodes in young children in 2015.

Methods: We estimated the incidence and hospital admission rate of RSV-associated ALRI (RSV-ALRI) in children younger than 5 years stratified by age and World Bank income regions from a systematic review of studies published between Jan 1, 1995, and Dec 31, 2016, and unpublished data from 76 high quality population-based studies. We estimated the RSV-ALRI incidence for 132 developing countries using a risk factor-based model and 2015 population estimates. We estimated the in-hospital RSV-ALRI mortality by combining in-hospital case fatality ratios with hospital admission estimates from hospital-based (published and unpublished) studies. We also estimated overall RSV-ALRI mortality by identifying studies reporting monthly data for ALRI mortality in the community and RSV activity.

Findings: We estimated that globally in 2015, 33·1 million (uncertainty range [UR] 21·6-50·3) episodes of RSV-ALRI, resulted in about 3·2 million (2·7-3·8) hospital admissions, and 59 600 (48 000-74 500) in-hospital deaths in children younger than 5 years. In children younger than 6 months, 1·4 million (UR 1·2-1·7) hospital admissions, and 27 300 (UR 20 700-36 200) in-hospital deaths were due to RSV-ALRI. We also estimated that the overall RSV-ALRI mortality could be as high as 118 200 (UR 94 600-149 400). Incidence and mortality varied substantially from year to year in any given population.

Interpretation: Globally, RSV is a common cause of childhood ALRI and a major cause of hospital admissions in young children, resulting in a substantial burden on health-care services. About 45% of hospital admissions and in-hospital deaths due to RSV-ALRI occur in children younger than 6 months. An effective maternal RSV vaccine or monoclonal antibody could have a substantial effect on disease burden in this age group.

Funding: The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2017

Inequities in intraurban areas in the distribution of risk factors for non communicable diseases, Belo Horizonte, 2010.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2014 Jul-Sep;17(3):629-41

Secretariat of Health Surveillance, Ministry of Health, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Objective: In order to identify intraurban differentials, the prevalence of major protection and risk factors for non communicable chronic diseases were analyzed in nine health districts of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Methods: Analysis of data from a telephone survey conducted with 2,000 adults in Belo Horizonte, in 2010, using the average linkage method for cluster analysis among the health districts, using sociodemographic variables (education, race and marital status). The study compared the prevalence of risk factors for non communicable diseases among the health districts.

Results: Four clusters were identified. The best socio-demographic indicators were found in cluster 4 (South Central health district), which also showed a higher prevalence of protective factors such as higher consumption of fruits and vegetables, higher frequency of physical activity practice in the free time, use of ultraviolet protection, higher proportion of ex-smokers, and lower prevalence of whole milk and high-fat meat consumption. As a risk factor, cluster 4 showed a higher proportion of alcohol abuse. Cluster 1, with the worst socio-demographic indicators, concentrated more risk factors such as consumption of whole milk, low regular consumption of fruit and vegetables, and lower practice of physical activity in the free time. The most frequent protective indicators in cluster 1 were the regular consumption of beans, having breakfast at home, and lower alcohol abuse.

Conclusion: Intra-urban differences were found in the distribution of risk and protection factors or non transmissible diseases, these differences can support planning aimed at actions for greater equity in health.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2016

Contributions of culture and antimicrobial susceptibility tests to the retreatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2013 Jul-Aug;46(4):441-6

Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG. Fundação Hospitalar do Estado de Minas Gerais, Hospital Julia Kubitschek, Belo Horizonte, MG.

Introduction: This study evaluated the efficacy of retreatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) with regard to treatment outcomes and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (ST) profiles.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study analyzed 144 patients treated at a referral hospital in Brazil. All of them had undergone prior treatment, were smear-positive for TB and received a standardized retreatment regimen. Fisher’s 2-tailed exact test and the χ² test were used; RRs and 95% CIs were calculated using univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression.

Results: The patients were cured in 84 (58.3%) cases. Failure was associated with relapsed treatment and abandonment (n=34). Culture tests were obtained for 103 (71.5%) cases; 70 (48.6%) had positive results. ST results were available for 67 (46.5%) cases; the prevalence of acquired resistance was 53.7%. There were no significant differences between those who achieved or not therapeutic success (p=0.988), despite being sensitive or resistant to 1 or more drugs. Rifampicin resistance was independently associated with therapeutic failure (OR: 4.4, 95% CI:1.12-17.37, p=0.034). For those cases in which cultures were unavailable, a 2nd model without this information was built. In this, return after abandonment was significantly associated with retreatment failure (OR: 3.59, 95% CI:1.17-11.06, p=0.026).

Conclusions: In this cohort, the general resistance profile appeared to have no influence on treatment outcome, except in cases of rifampicin resistance. The form of reentry was another independent predictor of failure. The use of bacterial culture identification and ST in TB management must be re-evaluated. The recommendations for different susceptibility profiles must also be improved.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
January 2014

The impact of late diagnosis on the survival of patients following their first AIDS-related hospitalization in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

AIDS Care 2012 15;24(5):635-41. Epub 2011 Nov 15.

Health Secretariat of the City of Belo Horizonte, Health Surveillance, Brazil.

The purpose of this study is to estimate the survival probability of patients following their first admission for the treatment of AIDS to an infectious disease reference hospital in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, during 2005. Study subjects were monitored during a 12-month period to identify factors associated with survival probability. Late diagnosis was recorded among many of the 250 study subjects: almost half (44.8%) were diagnosed less than 30 days prior to or during their hospitalization. A high mortality rate was also detected: 39.6% of the subjects died during the 12 months of monitoring. The cumulative survival probability of the cohort group was estimated at 68.0% after 3 months and at 61.2% after 12 months. However, certain patient subgroups analyzed had even lower cumulative survival probabilities after 12 months of monitoring: if diagnosed during hospitalization, it was estimated at only 48.0% and those with no record of antiretroviral treatment had a 48.5% cumulative survival probability. Patients with severe anemia had the lowest survival probability, similar among the two lymphocyte count groups (<1000 mm(3) and ≥1000 mm(3)), the former with a 45.5% survival probability and the latter with a 46.7% one. The proportional death risk was 2.5-fold higher for men residing in other area than the capital city of the State of Minas Gerais and greater metropolitan region when compared with women residing there. The findings of this study highlight the importance of early diagnosis for predicting patient survival and reinforce the necessity of facilitating HIV diagnosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2013