Publications by authors named "Maria Shaker"

3 Publications

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Counseling, contraception, and conception rates in patients undergoing bariatric surgery: A retrospective review.

Contraception 2021 Feb 28. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, United States.

Objectives: To determine conception rates, contraceptive use patterns, and frequency of counseling regarding pregnancy recommendations in patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

Study Design: Using a database of bariatric surgery patients at our institution, we identified female patients aged 18 to 45 who underwent surgery from 2013 to 2018. Patient charts were reviewed for demographic information, documentation of counseling regarding pregnancy recommendations, conception during the postoperative period, and pre and postoperative contraception use. We examined rates of contraception use and used standard statistical tests to compare conception rates between groups.

Results: Of the 460 patients that met inclusion criteria and did not have a history of permanent contraception, 54% (95% CI 49-58) had documented postoperative contraception use, most commonly the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device followed by combination oral contraceptive pills. In the 18 months following bariatric surgery, 6% of patients (95% CI 4-8) had a documented pregnancy. Over 50% (95% CI 35-71) of pregnancies occurred in patients without documented postoperative contraception.

Conclusions: For bariatric surgery patients at risk of pregnancy, postoperative contraception use patterns and conception rates are not consistent with the recommendation to refrain from pregnancy for 18 months.

Implications: Individualized contraceptive counseling that includes a discussion of fertility and weight loss goals, planned bariatric procedure type, and patient preference should be implemented as part of standard preoperative care for patients at risk of pregnancy undergoing bariatric surgery.
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February 2021

Do Expectant Mothers' Breastfeeding Plans Influence Provider Prenatal Contraceptive Counseling?

J Hum Lact 2020 Nov 12;36(4):808-815. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: Breastfeeding and optimal birth spacing are associated with improved maternal and infant health outcomes worldwide. Provision of contraceptive advice that is aligned with recommendations for breastfeeding has potential to maximize maternal and infant health. Although there is broad agreement regarding the breastfeeding compatibility of specific postpartum contraceptive methods, it is not known whether maternal breastfeeding intention influences prenatal provider contraceptive counseling.

Research Aim: We aimed to determine if maternal feeding intention is considered by prenatal providers during contraceptive counseling.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional online author-created survey including all prenatal providers ( = 40) at two academic safety-net institutions in Cleveland, Ohio. Of 100 obstetrics/gynecology faculty members, 40 (40%) completed the survey, which included multiple-choice questions. Nominal and ordinal survey results were reported with percentages and frequencies, and categorical variables were compared using the Fisher exact test.

Results: Participants appropriately promoted breastfeeding-compatible postplacental intrauterine device placement, even though maternal feeding intention was specifically considered by just 12 (30%). Endorsed barriers to contraception for breastfeeding mothers included provider medical worries, patient concerns, and colleague resistance. Postplacental levonorgestrel intrauterine devices were recommended for all mothers by 92.5% of participants ( = 37). Recommendations regarding progestin-only and combined oral contraceptive pills were influenced by maternal breastfeeding versus formula-feeding intention.

Conclusion: Asking expectant women about their feeding intentions within each contraceptive discussion may create opportunities for shared decision making that can optimize perinatal outcomes for both mother and infant worldwide.
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November 2020

Barriers to Global Health Training in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Ann Glob Health 2016 Jul - Aug;82(4):625-629

Mercy Hospital, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Edmond, OK.

Background: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery includes obstetrics and gynecology as an area needing international strengthening in low- and middle-income countries. Despite interest, a majority of participants in US residency programs graduate with little exposure to global health or preparation to work abroad.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the level of interest of obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) residents in gaining global health training and to identify perceived barriers to receiving training.

Methods: Residents in accredited Ob/Gyn programs were identified using a national residency database. The survey was online and anonymous.

Findings: A total of 278 residents completed the survey. A high level of motivation to participate in a global health elective was associated with interests in preparation for future global work, desire for activism in maternal health and social determinants of health, and becoming better informed on global health policy. Eighty-two percent of respondents stated they would participate in a global health curriculum if it were offered, and 54.8% would use their vacation time. There were associations between personal safety, family, lack of resources, and lack of interest from faculty and motivational level as perceived barriers. Eighty-one percent strongly agreed that scheduling conflicts and time constraints pose barriers; more than 80% either agreed or strongly agreed that funding such endeavors and a lack of mentorship are major deterrents to pursuing global health.

Conclusions: Because resident motivation is clearly high and international need persists, we determined that most barriers to training abroad are related to the structure and budget of residency programs.
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January 2018