Publications by authors named "Maria M Dinardo"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

In-vivo administration of CLC-K kidney chloride channels inhibitors increases water diuresis in rats: a new drug target for hypertension?

J Hypertens 2012 Jan;30(1):153-67

Section of Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacobiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Objective: The human kidney-specific chloride channels ClC-Ka (rodent ClC-K1) and ClC-Kb (rodent ClC-K2) are important determinants of renal function, participating to urine concentration and blood pressure regulation mechanisms. Here we tested the hypothesis that these chloride channels could represent new drug targets for inducing diuretic and antihypertensive effects.

Methods: To this purpose, the CLC-K blockers benzofuran derivatives MT-189 and RT-93 (10, 50, 100 mg/kg), were acutely administered by gavage in Wistar rats, and pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic parameters determined by functional, bioanalytical, biochemical and molecular biology assays.

Results: Plasma concentration values for MT-189 and RT-93 were indicative of good bioavailability. Both MT-189 and RT-93 dose-dependently increased urine volume without affecting electrolyte balance. A comparable reduction of SBP was observed in rats after MT-189, RT-93 or furosemide administration. Benzofuran derivatives treatment did not affect kidney CLC-K mRNA level or inner medulla osmolality, whereas a significant vasopressin-independent down-regulation of aquaporin water channel type 2 was observed at protein and transcriptional levels. In rats treated with benzofuran derivatives, the observed polyuria was mainly water diuresis; this finding indirectly supports a cross-talk between chloride and water transport in nephron. Moreover, preliminary in-vitro evaluation of the drugs capability to cross the blood-inner ear barrier suggests that these compounds have a limited ability to induce potential auditory side effects.

Conclusion: CLC-K blockers may represent a new class of drugs for the treatment of conditions associated with expanded extracellular volume, with a hopeful high therapeutic potential for hypertensive patients carrying ClC-K gain-of-function polymorphisms.
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January 2012

Acetylation and level of mitochondrial transcription factor A in several organs of young and old rats.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2003 Jan;301(1):187-91

Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biologia Molecolare, Università di Bari, Via Orabona 4, Bari 70125, Italy.

To gain further information on the role of mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) in mitochondrial biogenesis, we studied the post-translational modifications of the protein in 6- and 28-month-old rat liver. Mass spectrometry and immunoblot analysis revealed that TFAM was acetylated at a single lysine residue and that the level of acetylation did not change with age. The measurement of the content of TFAM and of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in several organs (cerebellum, heart, kidney, and liver) of young and old rats showed an age-related increase of mtDNA and TFAM in all the organs analyzed, except in heart. These data are discussed in the light of the multiple roles of TFAM in mitochondrial biogenesis and of the age-related change of the mitochondrial transcription.
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January 2003