Publications by authors named "Maria Francesca Evaristi"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A G-protein-biased S1P1 agonist, SAR247799, improved LVH and diastolic function in a rat model of metabolic syndrome.

PLoS One 2022 14;17(1):e0257929. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Research, Sanofi US Services, Bridgewater, NJ, United States of America.

Aim: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a major cause of death worldwide with no approved treatment. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction represent the structural and functional components of HFpEF, respectively. Endothelial dysfunction is prevalent in HFpEF and predicts cardiovascular events. We investigated if SAR247799, a G-protein-biased sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P1) agonist with endothelial-protective properties, could improve cardiac and renal functions in a rat model of metabolic syndrome LVH and diastolic function.

Methods: 31- and 65-week-old obese ZSF1 (Ob-ZSF1) rats, representing adult and aged animals with LVH and diastolic dysfunction, were randomized to a chow diet containing 0.025% (w/w) of SAR247799, or control (CTRL) chow for 4 weeks. Age-matched lean ZSF1 (Le-ZSF1) rats were fed control chow. Echocardiography, telemetry, biochemical and histological analysis were performed to evaluate the effect of SAR247799.

Results: Echocardiography revealed that Ob-ZSF1 rats, in contrast to Le-ZSF1 rats, developed progressive diastolic dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy with age. SAR247799 blunted the progression of diastolic dysfunction in adult and aged animals: in adult animals E/e' was evaluated at 21.8 ± 1.4 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL, 19.5 ± 1.2 for Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799 p<0.01, and 19.5 ± 2.3 for Le-ZSF1-CTRL (median ± IQR). In aged animals E/e' was evaluated at 23.15 ± 4.45 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL, 19.5 ± 5 for Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799 p<0.01, and 16.69 ± 1.7 for Le-ZSF1-CTRL, p<0.01 (median ± IQR). In aged animals, SAR247799 reduced cardiac hypertrophy (g/mm mean ± SEM of heart weight/tibia length 0.053 ± 0.001 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL vs 0.046 ± 0.002 for Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799 p<0.01, Le-ZSF1-CTRL 0.035 ± 0.001) and myocardial perivascular collagen content (p<0.001), independently of any changes in microvascular density. In adult animals, SAR247799 improved endothelial function as assessed by the very low frequency bands of systolic blood pressure variability (mean ± SEM 67.8 ± 3.41 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL 55.8 ± 4.27 or Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799, p<0.05 and 57.3 ± 1.82 Le-ZSF1-CTRL), independently of any modification of arterial blood pressure. In aged animals, SAR247799 reduced urinary protein/creatinine ratio, an index of glomerular injury, (10.3 ± 0.621 vs 8.17 ± 0.231 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL vs Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799, respectively, p<0.05 and 0.294 ± 0.029 for Le-ZSF1-CTRL, mean ± SEM) and the fractional excretion of electrolytes. Circulating lymphocytes were not decreased by SAR247799, confirming lack of S1P1 desensitization.

Conclusions: These experimental findings suggest that S1P1 activation with SAR247799 may be considered as a new therapeutic approach for LVH and diastolic dysfunction, major components of HFpEF.
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January 2022

Endothelial-protective effects of a G-protein-biased sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor-1 agonist, SAR247799, in type-2 diabetes rats and a randomized placebo-controlled patient trial.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 05 26;87(5):2303-2320. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Sanofi US Services, Bridgewater, NJ, USA.

Aims: SAR247799 is a G-protein-biased sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor-1 (S1P ) agonist designed to activate endothelial S1P and provide endothelial-protective properties, while limiting S1P desensitization and consequent lymphocyte-count reduction associated with higher doses. The aim was to show whether S1P activation can promote endothelial effects in patients and, if so, select SAR247799 doses for further clinical investigation.

Methods: Type-2 diabetes patients, enriched for endothelial dysfunction (flow-mediated dilation, FMD <7%; n = 54), were randomized, in 2 sequential cohorts, to 28-day once-daily treatment with SAR247799 (1 or 5 mg in ascending cohorts), placebo or 50 mg sildenafil (positive control) in a 5:2:2 ratio per cohort. Endothelial function was assessed by brachial artery FMD. Renal function, biomarkers and lymphocytes were measured following 5-week SAR247799 treatment (3 doses) to Zucker diabetic fatty rats and the data used to select the doses for human testing.

Results: The maximum FMD change from baseline vs placebo for all treatments was reached on day 35; mean differences vs placebo were 0.60% (95% confidence interval [CI] -0.34 to 1.53%; P = .203) for 1 mg SAR247799, 1.07% (95% CI 0.13 to 2.01%; P = .026) for 5 mg SAR247799 and 0.88% (95% CI -0.15 to 1.91%; P = .093) for 50 mg sildenafil. Both doses of SAR247799 were well tolerated, did not affect blood pressure, and were associated with minimal-to-no lymphocyte reduction and small-to-moderate heart rate decrease.

Conclusion: These data provide the first human evidence suggesting endothelial-protective properties of S1P activation, with SAR247799 being as effective as the clinical benchmark, sildenafil. Further clinical testing of SAR247799, at sub-lymphocyte-reducing doses (≤5 mg), is warranted in vascular diseases associated with endothelial dysfunction.
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May 2021

Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 predicts mortality risk in heart failure.

Int J Cardiol 2020 02 18;300:245-251. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

LA Maison de la MItochondrie (LAMMI), Obesity and heart failure: molecular and clinical investigations, UMR CNRS 5288, 1 Avenue Jean Poulhes, BP 84225, 31432 Toulouse cedex 4, France; INI-CRCT F-CRIN, GREAT Networks, France. Electronic address:

Background: Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 (IGFBP2) showed greater heart failure (HF) diagnostic accuracy than the "grey zone" B-type natriuretic peptides, and may have prognostic utility as well.

Objectives: To determine if IGFBP2 provides independent information on cardiovascular mortality in HF.

Methods: A retrospective study of 870 HF patients from 3 independent international cohorts. Presentation IGFBP2 plasma levels were measured by ELISA, and patients were followed from 1 year (Maastricht, Netherlands) to 6 years (Atlanta, GA, USA and Toulouse, France). Multivariate analysis, Net Reclassification Improvement (NRI) and Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI) were performed in the 3 cohorts. The primary outcome was cardiovascular mortality.

Results: In multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis, the highest quartile of IGFBP2 was associated with mortality in the Maastricht cohort (adjusted hazard ratio 1.69 (95% CI, 1.18-2.41), p = 0.004) and in the combined Atlanta and Toulouse cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 2.04 (95%CI, 1.3-3.3), p = 0.003). Adding IGFBP2 to a clinical model allowed a reclassification of adverse outcome risk in the Maastricht cohort (NRI = 18.7% p = 0.03; IDI = 3.9% p = 0.02) and with the Atlanta/Toulouse patients (NRI of 40.4% p = 0.01, 31,2% p = 0.04, 31.5% p = 0,02 and IDI of 2,9% p = 0,0005, 3.1% p = 0,0005 and 4,2%, p = 0.0005, for a follow-up of 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively).

Conclusion: In 3 international cohorts, IGFBP2 level is a strong prognostic factor for cardiovascular mortality in HF, adding information to natriuretic monitoring and usual clinical markers, that should be further prospectively evaluated for patients' optimized care.
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February 2020

sST2 adds to the prognostic value of Gal-3 and BNP in chronic heart failure.

Acta Cardiol 2020 Dec 27;75(8):739-747. Epub 2019 Sep 27.

UMR UT3 CNRS 5288, LA Maison de la MItochondrie (LAMMI), Axis Obesity and Heart Failure: Molecular and Clinical Investigations, INI-CRCT F-CRIN, GREAT Networks, Toulouse Cedex 4, France.

The soluble form of the IL-33 receptor (sST2) and Galectin-3 (Gal-3) are fibrosis biomarkers with prognostic value in heart failure (HF). We investigated the prognostic capacity of sST2 when combined with Gal-3, and determined if the prognostic utility of sST2 is affected by mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) therapy. sST-2 and Gal-3 were measured in 101 stable chronic HF (CHF) patients receiving MRA therapy and compared to 97 BNP and cardiovascular risk factor matched patients not treated with MRA. sST2 and Gal-3 levels were measured to determine the relationship with all-cause mortality at 6-year follow-up. ROC curve cut-off points were defined as sST2 = 36.3 ng/mL, Gal-3 = 17.8 ng/mL, and BNP = 500 pg/mL, and had 6-year mortality hazard ratios (HR) of 7.3, 6.6 and 5.4, respectively. The combination of an elevated sST2 and Gal-3 had a HR = 4.4 [95% CI 1.9-8.9]. Combining sST2 and Gal-3 to a clinical model relevant for CHF prognosis allowed a significant reclassification of 1-year adverse outcome risk, even when BNP was included. Finally, prognostic prediction by sST2 was unaffected by MRA treatment. Simultaneous sST2 and Gal-3 elevation is associated with poorer prognosis compared to either alone, regardless of BNP levels, and the prognostic capacity of sST2 is independent of MRA therapy.
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December 2020

Increased mean aliphatic lipid chain length in left ventricular hypertrophy secondary to arterial hypertension: A cross-sectional study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Nov;95(46):e4965

UMR UT3 CNRS 5288 Evolutionary Medicine, Obesity and Heart Failure: Molecular and Clinical Investigations, INI-CRCT F-CRIN, GREAT Networks, Toulouse Cedex 4, France University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Mississippi Center for Obesity Research, Mississippi Center for Heart Research, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS Emergency Medicine at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Houston, TX Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse Spartacus-Biomed, Clermont le Fort, France.

About 77.9 million (1 in 4) American adults have high blood pressure. High blood pressure is the primary cause of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which represents a strong predictor of future heart failure and cardiovascular mortality. Previous studies have shown an altered metabolic profile in hypertensive patients with LVH. The goal of this study was to identify blood metabolomic LVH biomarkers by H NMR to provide novel diagnostic tools for rapid LVH detection in populations of hypertensive individuals. This cross-sectional study included 48 hypertensive patients with LVH matched with 48 hypertensive patients with normal LV size, and 24 healthy controls. Two-dimensional targeted M-mode echocardiography was performed to measure left ventricular mass index. Partial least squares discriminant analysis was used for the multivariate analysis of the H NMR spectral data. From the H NMR-based metabolomic profiling, signals coming from methylene (-CH2-) and methyl (-CH3) moieties of aliphatic chains from plasma lipids were identified as discriminant variables. The -CH2-/-CH3 ratio, an indicator of the mean length of the aliphatic lipid chains, was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in the LVH group than in the hypertensive group without LVH and controls. Receiver operating characteristic curve showed that a cutoff of 2.34 provided a 52.08% sensitivity and 85.42% specificity for discriminating LVH (AUC = 0.703, P-value < 0.001). We propose the -CH2-/-CH3 ratio from plasma aliphatic lipid chains as a biomarker for the diagnosis of left ventricular remodeling in hypertension.
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November 2016

The prognostic value of plasma galectin-3 in chronic heart failure patients is maintained when treated with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists.

PLoS One 2015 18;10(3):e0119160. Epub 2015 Mar 18.

INSERM I2MC, UMR 1048, Université UPS, Equipe, Obésité et insuffisance cardiaque: approches moléculaires et cliniques, F-31432 Toulouse, France.

Objective: Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is considered as a myocardial fibrosis biomarker with prognostic value in heart failure (HF). Since aldosterone is a neurohormone with established fibrotic properties, we aimed to investigate if mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) would modulate the prognostic value of Gal-3.

Methods: The IBLOMAVED cohort comprised 427 eligible chronic HF patients (CHF) with echocardiography and heart failure biomarkers assessments (BNP). After propensity score matching CHF patients for cardiovascular risk factors, to form balanced groups, Gal-3 levels were measured at baseline in plasma from patients treated with MRAs (MRA-Plus, n=101) or not (MRA-Neg, n=101). The primary end point was all-cause mortality with a follow-up of 3 years.

Results: Gal-3 in plasma from these patients were similar with median values of 14.0 ng/mL [IQR, 9.9-19.3] and 14.4 ng/mL [IQR, 12.3-19.8] (P = 0.132) in MRA-Neg and MRA-Plus, respectively. Patients with Gal-3 ≤17.8 ng/mL had an HR of 1 (reference group) and 1.5 [0.4-5.7] in MRA-Neg and MRA-Plus, respectively (p=0.509). Patients with Gal-3 ≥ 17.8 ng/mL had an HR of 7.4 [2.2-24.6] and 9.0 [2.9-27.8] in MRA-Plus and MRA-Neg, respectively (p=0.539) and a median survival time of 2.4 years [95%CI,1.8-2.4]. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis confirmed that MRA and the interaction term between MRA treatment and Gal-3 >17.8 ng/mL were not factors associated with survival.

Conclusions: MRA treatment did not impair the prognostic value of Gal-3 assessed with a 17.8 ng/mL cut off. Gal-3 levels maintained its strong prognostic value in CHF also in patients treated with MRAs. The significance of the observed lack of an interaction between Gal-3 and treatment effect of MRAs remains to be elucidated.
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March 2016