Publications by authors named "Maria Falduto"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

M. bovis infection in pigs: Improvement of the γ-IFN assay efficiency in this species using a maintenance medium.

Tuberculosis (Edinb) 2018 01 5;108:151-154. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia "A. Mirri", Italy.

The interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) test measures cell mediated immune response (CMI) during the early stages of tuberculosis infection. Although Bovine Tuberculosis (BT) spread in feral pigs is widely documented in literature, the effectiveness of IFN-γ in this species has been only recently reported. One of the major obstacle of this assay is that whole blood samples should be stimulated with purified protein derivative (PPD) cocktail within 8 h from the blood sampling. This study set up a defined broth culture in which lymphocytes, the cell population predominantly responsible for IFN-γ production, are maintained in a steady-state and their vitality is preserved. The IFN-γ production measured from the samples added with the maintenance medium and stored at 4 °C was similar to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) optical density values obtained from the same assay performed within 8 h from sampling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tube.2017.12.001DOI Listing
January 2018

SslE elicits functional antibodies that impair in vitro mucinase activity and in vivo colonization by both intestinal and extraintestinal Escherichia coli strains.

PLoS Pathog 2014 May 8;10(5):e1004124. Epub 2014 May 8.

Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics Srl, Siena, Italy.

SslE, the Secreted and surface-associated lipoprotein from Escherichia coli, has recently been associated to the M60-like extracellular zinc-metalloprotease sub-family which is implicated in glycan recognition and processing. SslE can be divided into two main variants and we recently proposed it as a potential vaccine candidate. By applying a number of in vitro bioassays and comparing wild type, knockout mutant and complemented strains, we have now demonstrated that SslE specifically contributes to degradation of mucin substrates, typically present in the intestine and bladder. Mutation of the zinc metallopeptidase motif of SslE dramatically impaired E. coli mucinase activity, confirming the specificity of the phenotype observed. Moreover, antibodies raised against variant I SslE, cloned from strain IHE3034 (SslEIHE3034), are able to inhibit translocation of E. coli strains expressing different variants through a mucin-based matrix, suggesting that SslE induces cross-reactive functional antibodies that affect the metallopeptidase activity. To test this hypothesis, we used well-established animal models and demonstrated that immunization with SslEIHE3034 significantly reduced gut, kidney and spleen colonization by strains producing variant II SslE and belonging to different pathotypes. Taken together, these data strongly support the importance of SslE in E. coli colonization of mucosal surfaces and reinforce the use of this antigen as a component of a broadly protective vaccine against pathogenic E. coli species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1004124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4014459PMC
May 2014

IFN-alpha/beta signaling is required for polarization of cytokine responses toward a protective type 1 pattern during experimental cryptococcosis.

J Immunol 2008 Jul;181(1):566-73

Dipartimento di Patologia e Microbiologia Sperimentale, Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, Italy.

The antiviral activities of type I IFNs have long been established. However, comparatively little is known of their role in defenses against nonviral pathogens. We examined here the effects of type I IFNs on host resistance against the model pathogenic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans. After intratracheal or i.v. challenge with this fungus, most mice lacking either the IFN-alpha/beta receptor (IFN-alpha/betaR) or IFN-beta died from unrestrained pneumonia and encephalitis, while all wild-type controls survived. The pulmonary immune response of IFN-alpha/betaR-/- mice was characterized by increased expression of IL-4, IL-13, and IL-10, decreased expression of TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, inducible NO synthetase, and CXCL10, and similar levels of IL-12 mRNA, compared with wild-type controls. Histopathological analysis showed eosinophilic infiltrates in the lungs of IFN-alpha/betaR-/- mice, although this change was less extensive than that observed in similarly infected IFN-gammaR-deficient animals. Type I IFN responses could not be detected in the lung after intratracheal challenge. However, small, but statistically significant, elevations in IFN-beta levels were measured in the supernatants of bone marrow-derived macrophages or dendritic cells infected with C. neoformans. Our data demonstrate that type I IFN signaling is required for polarization of cytokine responses toward a protective type I pattern during cryptococcal infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.181.1.566DOI Listing
July 2008