Publications by authors named "Margit Wech"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Risk factors for humeral head necrosis and non-union after plating in proximal humeral fractures.

Injury 2016 Feb 22;47(2):350-5. Epub 2015 Oct 22.

Medical University of Vienna, Department of Trauma Surgery, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors for the development of humeral head necrosis and non-union after proximal humeral fractures-in particular, general risk factors that exist independent of fracture type.

Materials And Methods: This study included patients (n=154) treated for proximal humeral fracture by means of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using the Philos plate at a single level I trauma centre between January 2005 and December 2013. Follow-up monitoring included radiographic examination before hospital discharge, and again at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and 6 months after surgery. At a minimum follow-up time of 6 months, radiographs taken in the anteroposterior and axial projection were evaluated in regard to the development of humeral head necrosis, non-union, and secondary screw cut out.

Results: A total of 154 patients (61 males, 93 females) were available for radiological checkup. Mean age was 55.8 years (range: 19-91 years). There were statistically significant correlations between the development of avascular necrosis (AVN) and fracture type, non-union and smoking, and screw cut out - as well as overall complication rate - and age. The time to surgery did not influence the risk for AVN or non-union, independent of fracture type. In this study population, the risk of developing non-union after ORIF was 3.9-fold higher in heavy smokers (i.e., >20 cigarettes per day). The risk for screw cut out was 4.1-fold higher in patients over 60 years of age, and the overall risk for complications was 3.3-fold higher.

Conclusion: The older the patient, the more carefully one must consider the decision between conservative and operative treatments. If surgical treatment is performed, screw length should be selected depending on the patient's age. Heavy smokers must be informed preoperatively of the increased risk for bony non-union after ORIF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.001DOI Listing
February 2016

Incidence, characteristics, and long-term follow-up of sternoclavicular injuries: An epidemiologic analysis of 92 cases.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2016 Feb;80(2):289-95

From the Department of Trauma Surgery (S.B., M.W., T.M.T., P.P.), Division of General Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine (A.B.), and Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering (W.H.), Medical University of Vienna; and AUVA Trauma Hospital Meidling (C.F.), Vienna; and Department of Trauma Surgery (M.G.), University Hospital St. Poelten, Lower Austria, Austria.

Background: The majority of published studies concerning sternoclavicular injuries are case series or systematic reviews. Prospective studies on the subject are hindered by the low incidence of these lesions. The aims of the present study were to provide an overview of this rare entity compared with those described in the literature and to present the long-term clinical outcome.

Methods: We performed a retrospective data analysis of all sternoclavicular injuries treated at a single Level I trauma center from 1992 to 2011. Long-term clinical outcome was assessed using the ASES [American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons], SST [Simple Shoulder Test], UCLA [University of California-Los Angeles] Shoulder Scale, and VAS [Visual Analog Scale] at latest follow-up.

Results: We detected an overall incidence of 0.9% of sternoclavicular injuries related to all shoulder-girdle lesions. Ninety-two patients (52 males and 40 females) with a mean (SD) age of 39.2 (19.5) years (median, 41 years; range, 4-92 years) were included in this study. The main trauma mechanism was fall. Classification was performed according to Allman, the time point of treatment after initial trauma, and the direction of the dislocation. Nine patients of the 15 Grade III lesions were treated conservatively by closed reduction and immobilization, while four patients were treated surgically by open reduction and internal fixation. Forty-nine percent of the patients were available for long-term follow-up at a median of 11.3 years (range, 5.3-22.6 years) with a mean ASES score of 96.21, SST score of 11.69, UCLA score of 31.89, and VAS score of 0.47.

Conclusion: We found an overall incidence of 0.9% of sternoclavicular joint injuries related to all shoulder-girdle lesions and of 1.1% related to all dislocations, which is slightly lower compared with those described in the literature. Furthermore, we observed a high number of physeal sternoclavicular injuries with a percentage of 16% and overall good-to-excellent results at long-term follow-up.

Level Of Evidence: Epidemiologic study, level IV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000000888DOI Listing
February 2016
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