Publications by authors named "Maren Meysing"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Novel ubiquitin-derived high affinity binding proteins with tumor targeting properties.

J Biol Chem 2014 Mar 28;289(12):8493-507. Epub 2014 Jan 28.

From Scil Proteins GmbH, Heinrich-Damerow-Strasse 1, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.

Targeting effector molecules to tumor cells is a promising mode of action for cancer therapy and diagnostics. Binding proteins with high affinity and specificity for a tumor target that carry effector molecules such as toxins, cytokines, or radiolabels to their intended site of action are required for these applications. In order to yield high tumor accumulation while maintaining low levels in healthy tissues and blood, the half-life of such conjugates needs to be in an optimal range. Scaffold-based binding molecules are small proteins with high affinity and short systemic circulation. Due to their low molecular complexity, they are well suited for combination with effector molecules as well as half-life extension technologies yielding therapeutics with half-lives adapted to the specific therapy. We have identified ubiquitin as an ideal scaffold protein due to its outstanding biophysical and biochemical properties. Based on a dimeric ubiquitin library, high affinity and specific binding molecules, so-called Affilin® molecules, have been selected against the extradomain B of fibronectin, a target almost exclusively expressed in tumor tissues. Extradomain B-binding molecules feature high thermal and serum stability as well as strong in vitro target binding and in vivo tumor accumulation. Application of several half-life extension technologies results in molecules of largely unaffected affinity but significantly prolonged in vivo half-life and tumor retention. Our results demonstrate the utility of ubiquitin as a scaffold for the generation of high affinity binders in a modular fashion, which can be combined with effector molecules and half-life extension technologies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M113.519884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3961674PMC
March 2014

Limiting factors of the translation machinery.

J Biotechnol 2010 Oct 16;150(1):44-50. Epub 2010 Jul 16.

Department of Biophysics and Physical Biochemistry, University of Regensburg, Postfach, D-93040 Regensburg, Federal Republic of Germany.

Cell-free production of proteins is a rapid developing technology for many applications in proteomic sciences. Although great progress was made in the last years, in vitro protein synthesis is still less efficient than in vivo protein synthesis. For Escherichia coli based systems, all factors needed for cell-free protein synthesis are established, as shown in the reconstituted PURE system. Here we report the influence of additional translation factors, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and translational active ribosomes on cell-free protein synthesis of E. coli S30 extracts, indicating that none of these factors is a limiting factor for the protein synthesis. Furthermore, we show that varying the ratio of ribosomes including associated factors to other factors present in the extracts could not increase the yield of protein synthesized. In summary our results provide strong evidence for an optimal reconstitution of the translation machinery in E. coli S30 extracts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2010.07.017DOI Listing
October 2010

Enrichment of open reading frames presented on bacteriophage M13 using hyperphage.

Biotechniques 2006 Sep;41(3):335-42

Technische Universität Braunschweig, Institut Für Biochemie und Biotechnologie, Germany.

The enrichment of open reading frames (ORFs) from large gene libraries and the presentation of the corresponding polypeptides on filamentous phage M13 (phage display) is frequently used to identify binding partners of unknown ORFs. In particular phage display is a valuable tool for the identification of pathogen-related antigens and a first step for the development of new diagnostics and therapeutics. Here, we introduce a significant improvement of phage-based ORF enrichment by using Hyperphage, a helperphage with a truncated gIII. The methods allow both the enrichment of ORFs from cDNA libraries and the display of the corresponding polypeptides on phage, thus combining ORF enrichment with a screening for binding in one step without any further subcloning steps. We demonstrated the benefits of the method by isolating the sequences encoding two predicted immunogenic epitopes of the outer membrane protein D encoding gene (ompD) of Salmonella typhimurium. Here, we showed that when using a mixture of three constructs with only one containing an ORF solely this correct construct could be reisolated in phage particles. Further; both epitopes were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), demonstrating correct translation of fusion proteins. Furthermore, the enrichment system was evaluated by the enrichment of ORFs from total cDNA of lymphocytes. Here, we could show that 60% of the phage contained ORFs, which is an increase of an order of magnitude compared with conventional phage expression system. Together these data show that the Hyperphage-based enrichment system significantly improves the enrichment of ORFs and directly allows the display of the corresponding polypeptide on bacteriophage M13.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2144/000112225DOI Listing
September 2006