Publications by authors named "Marco Petracca"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Interrater Reliability of Osteopathic Sacral Palpatory Diagnostic Tests Among Osteopathy Students.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2018 Oct;118(10):637-644

Context: Somatic dysfunctions are a key element of osteopathic practice. The evaluation of somatic dysfunctions is achieved by assessment of the TART (tissue texture abnormality, asymmetry, restriction of motion, tenderness) parameters. The reliability of a diagnostic method is the crux of successful treatment. Interrater reliability of osteopathic palpatory diagnostic tests have been studied on different anatomical areas, but there are no studies on the evaluation of all of the TART parameters on the sacrum.

Objective: To evaluate the interrater reliability of osteopathic sacral palpatory diagnostic tests. The hypothesis was that 3 trained osteopathy students at the end of their curriculum could achieve at least moderate agreement on osteopathic sacral palpatory diagnostic tests.

Methods: Three students from the Centre pour l'Étude, la Recherche et la Diffusion Ostéopathiques school in Rome, Italy, at the end of their curriculum participated as raters and received consensus training. Eligible subjects among students of the same school were recruited on a voluntary basis to be tested. All of the raters tested the sacrum by evaluating the TART parameters on every subject for 3 minutes. Raters were blinded to the other raters' findings. Interrater reliability was evaluated using Fleiss κ statistics.

Results: Fifty-two subjects (20 women) were enrolled in the study. Mean (SD) age was 25.9 (7.03) years; height, 1.73 (0.09) ms; weight, 68.73 (14.2) kg; and body mass index, 22.66 (3.58). Agreement was fair for tissue texture abnormality (κ=0.28), asymmetry (κ=0.29), restriction of motion (κ=0.32), and tenderness (κ=0.34); agreement was slight for landmark position (κ=0.06) and diagnosis of somatic dysfunction (κ=0.17).

Conclusion: Results showed a level of agreement ranging from slight to fair in the assessment of the TART parameters among raters, who were in their last year of osteopathy school. The tenderness parameter was the most reliable. Our findings are consistent with other interrater reliability studies carried out in different body regions, contributing to show an overall heterogeneous level of diagnostic reliability in osteopathy.
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October 2018

Outpatient Satisfaction With Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in a Hospital Center: A Survey.

Altern Ther Health Med 2018 09;24(5):18-24

Context: Although osteopathy is not yet certified as a health profession in Italy, many people choose osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for pain relief. Nevertheless, no study evaluating patients' degree of satisfaction after OMT and the perceived quality of the treatment has occurred in Italy.

Objectives: The study intended to assess outpatients' satisfaction with OMT carried out at a hospital.

Design: The research team conducted a survey from January 2015 to January 2016 using 3 questionnaires.

Setting: The study took place the Fondazione Santa Lucia Hospital (Rome, Italy), an institute for research and health care.

Participants: Participants were 101 patients with musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders undergoing OMT at the hospital.

Interventions: The OMT was performed by 3 osteopathic practitioners who had completed the 6-y, part-time training program recognized by the Italian Register of Osteopaths.

Outcome Measures: To measure the level of their satisfaction, the research team had patients complete the modified patient satisfaction questionnaire (mPSQ), the patient satisfaction with outpatient physical therapy (PSOPT) instrument, and the visual analog scale for satisfaction (VASS). Parametric and nonparametric analyses were performed to correlate the questionnaires and the demographic variables using the Pearson and Spearman tests.

Results: Data were obtained from 97 patients, with mean age of 42.48 ± 16.1 y, 50 of whom were female. The data showed high, average general satisfaction after OMT: (1) VASS-9.36 ± 1.00 and (2) PSOPT-43.27 ± 3.65. A significant negative correlation was found between access to care (D1-TOT) on the mPSQ and at ages older than 65 y-r = -0.24 and P < .05. A significant positive correlation was found between the VASS and female gender-r = 0.23 and P < .05. A significant positive correlation was also found between continuity of care (D3-TOT) and continuity of care-family (D3-1) on the mPSQ and education level-r = .20 and P < .05 and r = 0.24, P < .05, respectively, and with other dimensions explored by the questionnaires.

Conclusions: The data show a high level of general satisfaction in patients with MSK disorders who underwent OMT in an Italian hospital setting. The overall satisfaction rate was mainly influenced by the patient's perception of the practitioner's technical quality, the continuity of the treatment, and the cost of the service. Some differences emerged for age, gender, and educational level. The information from the current study may be useful for improving the therapeutic assistance provided with OMT and to promote alternative therapies in health and medicine.
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September 2018

Learning Environment, Preparedness and Satisfaction in Osteopathy in Europe: The PreSS Study.

PLoS One 2015 23;10(6):e0129904. Epub 2015 Jun 23.

Clinical-based Human Research Department, Research Division, C.O.ME. Collaboration, Pescara, Italy.

Objective: 1) to assess the preparedness to practice and satisfaction in learning environment amongst new graduates from European osteopathic institutions; 2) to compare the results of preparedness to practice and satisfaction in learning environment between and within countries where osteopathy is regulated and where regulation is still to be achieved; 3) to identify possible correlations between learning environment and preparedness to practice.

Method: Osteopathic education providers of full-time education located in Europe were enrolled, and their final year students were contacted to complete a survey. Measures used were: Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM), the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and a demographic questionnaire. Scores were compared across institutions using one-way ANOVA and generalised linear model.

Results: Nine European osteopathic education institutions participated in the study (4 located in Italy, 2 in the UK, 1 in France, 1 in Belgium and 1 in the Netherlands) and 243 (77%) of their final-year students completed the survey. The DREEM total score mean was 121.4 (SEM: 1.66) whilst the AAMC was 17.58 (SEM:0.35). A generalised linear model found a significant association between not-regulated countries and total score as well as subscales DREEM scores (p<0.001). Learning environment and preparedness to practice were significantly positively correlated (r=0.76; p<0.01).

Discussion: A perceived higher level of preparedness and satisfaction was found amongst students from osteopathic institutions located in countries without regulation compared to those located in countries where osteopathy is regulated; however, all institutions obtained a 'more positive than negative' result. Moreover, in general, cohorts with fewer than 20 students scored significantly higher compared to larger student cohorts. Finally, an overall positive correlation between students' preparedness and satisfaction were found across all institutions recruited.
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April 2016