Publications by authors named "Marcelo Passos Teivelis"

44 Publications

Epidemiological Analysis of 5,595 Procedures of Endovascular Correction of Isolated Descending Thoracic Aortic Disease Over 12 Years in the Public Health System in Brazil.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 16;76:e2890. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: In Brazil, descending thoracic aorta disease, including aneurysms and dissections, is managed preferentially by endovascular treatment, owing to its feasibility and good results. In this study, we analyzed endovascular treatment of isolated descending thoracic aortic disease cases in the Brazilian public health system over a 12-year period.

Methods: Public data from procedures performed from 2008 to 2019 were extracted using web scraping techniques to assess procedure type frequency (elective or urgency), mortality, and governmental costs.

Results: A total of 5,595 procedures were analyzed, the vast majority of which were urgent procedures (61.82% vs. 38.18%). In-hospital mortality was lower for elective than for urgent surgeries (4.96 vs.10.32% p=0.008). An average of R$16,845.86 and R$20,012.04 was paid per elective and emergency procedure, respectively, with no statistical difference (p=0.095).

Conclusion: Elective procedures were associated with lower mortality than urgent procedures. There was no statistically significant difference between elective and urgent procedures regarding costs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2021/e2890DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8266170PMC
July 2021

Use of carbon dioxide for therapeutic decision-making in endoleaks: a case report.

J Vasc Bras 2020 Nov 16;19:e20200060. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Endovascular aneurysm repair is currently the most frequently treatment modality for infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Endoleaks are the most common cause of reintervention after endovascular aneurysm repair. It is often unclear which type of endoleak is the correct diagnose, making the treatment decision difficult. We report the case of a 72-year-old man with an endoleak two years after endovascular aneurysm repair. Images suggested a type III endoleak, but this was not confirmed by contrast aortography. We proceeded with the investigation using aortography with carbon dioxide and observed a type IA endoleak. This was successfully treated by implantation of a proximal cuff. A review of the literature shows that the role of carbon dioxide in endoleak management is still unclear. We present a case in which carbon dioxide was essential to both diagnosis and therapeutic decision-making in a type IA endoleak.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.200060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8218004PMC
November 2020

Epidemiological Analysis of 37,424 Carotid Artery Stenosis Intervention Procedures During 11 Years in the Public Health System in Brazil: Stenting has Been More Common Than Endarterectomy.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Jun 25. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Stroke is a leading cause of death worldwide, with carotid atherosclerosis accounting for 10-20% of cases. In Brazil, the Public Health System provides care for roughly two-thirds of the population. No studies, however, have analysed large-scale results of carotid bifurcation surgery in Brazil.

Methods: This study aimed to describe rates of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) performed between 2008 and 2019 in the country through web scraping of publicly available databases.

Results: Between 2008 and 2019, 37,424 carotid bifurcation revascularization procedures were performed, of which 22,578 were CAS (60.34%) and 14,846 (39.66%) were CEA. There were 620 in-hospital deaths (1.66%), 336 after CAS (1.48%) and 284 after CEA (1.92%) (P = 0.032). Governmental reimbursement was US$ 77,216,298.85 (79.31% of all reimbursement) for CAS procedures and US$ 20,143,009.63 (20.69%) for CEA procedures. The average cost per procedure for CAS (US$ 3,062.98) was higher than that for CEA (US$ 1,430.33) (P = 0.008).

Conclusions: In Brazil, the frequency of CAS largely surpassed that of CEA. In-hospital mortality rates of CAS were significantly lower than those of CEA, although both had mortality rates within the acceptable rates as dictated by literature. The cost of CAS, however, was significantly higher. This is a pioneering analysis of carotid artery disease management in Brazil that provides, for the first time, preliminary insight into the fact that the low adoption of CEA in the country is in opposition to countries where utilization rates are higher for CEA than for CAS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2021.05.011DOI Listing
June 2021

Anxiety and Depression Scores in Patients Subjected to Arterial Revascularization for Critical Limb Ischemia.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Avenida Albert Einstein, , Morumbi. São Paulo, SP Brazil.

Objectives: This study aims to examine the changes in anxiety and depression scores in 138 patients with critical limb ischemia (rest pain or gangrene) who had no previous psychiatric history, at 30 days and 6 months after surgical revascularization.

Methods: Patients were submitted to a questionnaire-based evaluation using the Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories before surgery (no more than three days before surgery) ("Pre-Op"), 30 days after surgical revascularization ("Early PO") and at least 6 months after surgical revascularization ("Late PO"). The cut-off scores for depression were (1) < 10, no depression or minimal depression; (2) 10‒18, mild to moderate depression; (3) 19‒29, moderate to severe depression; and (4) 30‒63, severe depression. The cut-off scores for anxiety were (1) < 8, no anxiety or minimal anxiety; (2) 8‒15, mild anxiety; (3) 16‒25, moderate anxiety; and (4) 26‒63, severe anxiety.

Results: No perioperative mortality was observed 30 days after surgical revascularization. Thirty-nine (28.2%) patients underwent major (above-ankle) amputation within 30 days. Mean anxiety and depression scores, respectively, declined from 12.48 ± 9.74 (mean ± SD) and 16.92 ± 12.48 preoperatively to 4.89 ± 7.04 and 6.52 ± 9.36 postoperatively (P<0.001, both). Anxiety and depression scores were not significantly affected by preoperative comorbidities (systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, previous stroke, and smoking), affected arterial territory (aortoiliac, femoropopliteal, or infrapopliteal), or surgical technique (open surgery vs endovascular therapy). Only patients undergoing amputation within 30 days showed no improvement in depressive symptoms.

Conclusions: Patients with critical limb ischemia have a high incidence of anxiety and depressive symptoms, which improve considerably after successful surgical revascularization. Major amputation was associated with a lack of improvement in depression scores. A formal psychiatric evaluation may be beneficial in patients who show no improvement in depressive symptoms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2021.04.024DOI Listing
May 2021

Signs of impending rupture in abdominal aortic and iliac artery aneurysms by computed tomography: Outcomes in 41 patients.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 8;76:e2455. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Departamento de Cirurgia Vascular, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of signs of impending rupture (SIR) in asymptomatic patients with abdominal aortic and iliac artery aneurysms, and to evaluate whether these signs were associated with rupture in asymptomatic patients.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with abdominal aortic and iliac artery aneurysms identified on computed tomography (CT) over a 10-year period in a single center. The CT scans were reviewed by two reviewers, and patients with SIR were assigned to one of three groups: (1) early symptomatic (ES), (2) late symptomatic (LS), and (3) always asymptomatic (AA). The four main SIR described in the literature were investigated: 1) crescent sign, 2) focal wall discontinuity of circumferential calcifications, 3) aortic bulges or blebs, and 4) aortic draping.

Results: From a total of 759 aortic and iliac aneurysm reports on 2226 CT scans, we identified 41 patients with at least one SIR, and a prevalence of 4.14% in asymptomatic patients. Focal wall discontinuity of circumferential calcifications was the most common sign, and it was present in 46.3% of these patients (19/41); among these, 26 were repaired (ES: 9, LS: 2, AA: 15). Eleven asymptomatic patients underwent follow-up CT. The aneurysm increased in size in 6 of the 11 (54.5%) patients, and three ruptured (all with discontinuity of calcifications), one of which had no increase in diameter.

Conclusions: The presence of focal wall discontinuity of circumferential calcifications was the most common SIR. There was a prevalence of all signs in less than 5% of asymptomatic patients. In unrepaired patients, the signs could be observed on follow-up CT scans with an increase in aneurysm size, indicating that the presence of SIR alone in the absence of other clinical factors or aneurysm characteristics is an insufficient indication for surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2021/e2455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7920398PMC
April 2021

Endovascular correction of isolated descending thoracic aortic disease: a descriptive analysis of 1,344 procedures over 10 years in the public health system of São Paulo.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 5;76:e2332. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: In Brazil, descending thoracic aorta disease (TAD), including aneurysms and dissection, are preferentially managed by endovascular treatment (TEVAR) due to the feasibility and good results of this technique. In this study, we analyzed endovascular treatment of isolated TAD (ITAD) in the public health system over a 10-year period in São Paulo, a municipality in Brazil in which more than 5 million inhabitants depend on the governmental health system.

Methods: Public data from procedures performed between 2008 and 2019 were extracted using web scraping techniques. The following types of data were analyzed: demographic data, operative technique, elective or urgent status, number of surgeries, in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay, mean length of stay in the intensive care unit, and reimbursement values paid by the government. Trauma cases and congenital diseases were excluded.

Results: A total of 1,344 procedures were analyzed; most patients were male and aged ≥65 years. Most individuals had a residential address registered in the city. Approximately one-third of all surgeries were urgent cases. There were 128 in-hospital deaths (9.52%), and in-hospital mortality was lower for elective than for urgent surgeries (7.29% vs. 14.31%, p=0.031). A total of R$ 24.766.008,61 was paid; an average of R$ 17.222,98 per elective procedure and R$ 18.558,68 per urgent procedure. Urgent procedures were significantly more expensive than elective surgeries (p=0.029).

Conclusion: Over a 10-year period, the total cost of ITAD interventions was R$ 24.766.008,61, which was paid from the governmental system. Elective procedures were associated with lower mortality and lower investment from the health system when compared to those performed in an urgent scenario.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2021/e2332DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7847257PMC
April 2021

Thoracic aortic size in Brazilian smokers: measures using low-dose chest computed tomography anatomical and epidemiological assessment.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 20;76:e2315. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: Thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) represent one-third of the hospitalizations for aortic diseases. The prevalence rate depends on the definition of the normal size of the aorta, which is quite variable, depending on the population studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the thoracic aorta of Brazilian smokers, identifying the normal size of the aorta, presence of anatomical variations, and prevalence of TAA.

Materials And Methods: A total of 711 patients underwent radiological evaluation with low-dose computed tomography (CT) from January 2013 to July 2014 with the initial objective of lung nodule tracking. Two examiners evaluated these images, and measurements of maximum and serial diameters were performed manually in true orthogonal planes. Serial diameter measurements were taken every 2 cm in the ascending aorta and 5 cm in the descending segment. We searched for anatomical variations, aortic arch type, and correlations between anatomical characteristics, sex, body mass index, and body surface area (BSA).

Results: The maximum diameters were 33.61 (standard deviation [SD] 3.88), 28.66 (SD 2.89), and 28.36 mm (SD 3.09) for the ascending segment, aortic arch, and descending segment, respectively. A positive correlation was found between male sex, age, and BSA and aorta diameter. The bovine arch was the most common variation of the aortic arch type, and we found one (0.14%) case of TAA.

Conclusions: This study with low-dose CT allowed the determination of the mean diameters of the ascending aorta, aortic arch, and descending aorta in Brazilian smokers and TAA prevalence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2021/e2315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7798129PMC
April 2021

Arm mobilization provokes deformity of long-term indwelling ports implanted via the jugular vein.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Jul 31;9(4):998-1006. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

Vascular Surgery Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The incidence of totally implantable catheter fracture ranges from 0.48% to 5.00%, and these fractures represent a potentially fatal complication. The fracture mechanism of catheters implanted via the jugular vein is unclear, and whether extreme arm movements represent an additional risk factor for repetitive stress of the material remains unknown. The aim of this study was to demonstrate and classify catheter deformations caused by extreme arm mobilization and associations with changes in catheter function and displacement.

Methods: We analyzed the fluoroscopy images of 60 consecutive patients undergoing long-term indwelling port implantation via the jugular vein. Three images were taken: arm in maximal abduction, maximal frontal elevation, and maximal adduction. The images were compared with an image of the remainder of the arm. We analyzed three catheter regions to classify the deformity: A, connection between catheter and reservoir; B, the catheter's subcutaneous tunnel; and C, the catheter's entrance in the jugular vein. The deformations were classified in comparative manner as follows: 0 (no changes), 1 (minor changes, new slightly curvatures with an angle of >90°), and 2 (major changes, new severe curvatures with angles of ≤90°). In each position, catheter function (injection and aspiration) and displacement of the reservoir and tip were analyzed.

Results: Only 15% of patients did not show a deformity; 33.3% had a deformity in only one position, 47.7% in two positions, and 10% in three positions. Minor deformities were observed in 70% of patients and major deformities in 40%. Moreover, 25% of patients presented both major and minor deformities. Major deformities were observed in 25.0% of patients on maximal frontal elevation, in 23.3% on maximal adduction and in none on maximal abduction. Region B was the most affected, with 57.8% of all minor deformities and 78.1% of all major deformities. No change in function was noted in 91.7% of the catheters. Maximal arm adduction resulted in greater vertical and horizontal displacement of the catheter tip and horizontal displacement of the reservoir. Higher body mass index values were associated with major deformities.

Conclusions: Maximal frontal elevation and maximal adduction were associated with major catheter deformities, and the subcutaneous tunnel region was the most deformed catheter region. An association between major catheter deformity and high body mass index was noted; in contrast, no association between the severity of catheter deformity, tip or reservoir displacement, or worsened functioning was observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvsv.2020.10.010DOI Listing
July 2021

Inferior Vena Cava Filter in Cancer Patients: On Whom Should We Be Placing Them?

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Feb 4;71:220-229. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

AC Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Standard treatment for venous thromboembolism is anticoagulation; vena cava filter placement is an alternative in special situations. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes in patients with cancer undergoing filter placement in a cancer center during a 10-year period and assess which preoperatory variables were associated with poorer survival.

Methods: Retrospective unicenter analysis during a 10-year period was carried out in patients with cancer who had undergone placement of vena cava filter. Early deaths were those that occurred less than 30 days after the filter placement or that occurred during the same hospital stay of the placement.

Results: About 250 patients were analyzed. About 51.6% were females; 77.2% had proximal lower limb deep vein thrombosis; 34.8% had contraindications to anticoagulation; 32.8% presented bleeding after the onset of anticoagulation; and 18.4% had the filter implanted because they were going to undergo surgery and could not be anticoagulated immediately after. About 51.2% of the filters were removable. However, only 2 had the filter removed. About 59.2% had metastatic disease at the time of filter placement. About 31.2% fulfilled criteria for early death. Of those, 34 patients were put in palliative care after filter insertion (median, 13.5 days). Body mass index >18 kg/m, the absence of metastatic disease, and filter placement during the same anesthesia of another surgery (especially if elective and curative) were associated with a higher chance of survival.

Conclusions: Multidisciplinary evaluation (and possibly consideration for palliation) should take place before the decision to insert a vena cava filter in severe oncologic cases depending on overall status. Patients with a greater chance of survival at a 3 or 5 years interval seem to be those whose filters were placed in the perioperative context of other surgeries (specially elective and curative), who were not undernourished, and whose disease was not metastatic at that time. For patients who survived, an active investigation protocol for filter removal should be implemented.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.08.123DOI Listing
February 2021

Lower Limb Revascularization for Peripheral Arterial Disease in 10,951 Procedures over 11 years in a Public Health System: A Descriptive Analysis of the Largest Brazilian City.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Jan 8;70:223-229. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo - SP, Brazil; Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein (FICSAE), Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo - SP, Brazil.

Background: Worldwide, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a disease with high morbidity, affecting more than 200 million people. Our objective was to analyze the surgical treatment for PAD performed in the Unified Health System of the city of São Paulo during the last 11 years based on publicly available data.

Methods: The study was conducted with data analysis available on the TabNet platform, belonging to the DATASUS. Public data (government health system) from procedures performed in São Paulo between 2008 and 2018 were extracted. Sex, age, municipality of residence, operative technique, number of surgeries (total and per hospital), mortality during hospitalization, mean length of stay in the intensive care unit and amount paid by the government system were analyzed.

Results: A total of 10,951 procedures were analyzed (either for claudicants or critical ischemia-proportion unknown); 55.4% of the procedures were performed on males, and in 50.60%, the patient was older than 65 years. Approximately two-thirds of the patients undergoing these procedures had residential addresses in São Paulo. There were 363 in-hospital deaths (mortality of 3.31%). The hospital with the highest number of surgeries (n = 2,777) had lower in-hospital mortality (1.51%) than the other hospitals. A total of $20,655,272.70 was paid for all revascularizations.

Conclusions: Revascularization for PAD treatment has cost the government system more than $20 million over 11 years. Endovascular surgeries were performed more often than open surgeries and resulted in shorter hospital stays and lower perioperative mortality rates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.07.026DOI Listing
January 2021

Epidemiological Analysis of Carotid Artery Stenosis Intervention during 10 years in the Public Health System in the Largest City in Brazil: Stenting Has Been More Common than Endarterectomy.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 Jul 10;66:378-384. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein (FICSAE), Hospital Israelita -Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil; Albert Einstein Israelite Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide with approximately 5.7 million cases/year, and carotid atherosclerosis accounts for 10 to 20% of cases.

Methods: In Brazil, the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde [SUS]) is a tax-funded public health care system that provides care for roughly half the population. São Paulo is the eighth largest city in the world with an estimated population of over 12 million people, of whom more than 5 million rely solely on SUS. This study aimed to describe rates of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) performed between 2008 and 2017 in the city of São Paulo through web scraping of publicly available databases.

Results: Three thousand seven hundred and four carotid revascularization procedures were performed between 2008 and 2017, of which 2,432 were CAS (65.7%). Rates of CAS ranged from 59.9% in 2016 to 86% in 2011. There were 57 in-hospital deaths (1.54%), 34 after CAS (1.4%; 34/2,432) and 23 after CEA (1.81%; 23/1,272) (P = 0.562). SUS reimbursements were US $7,862,017.09 (81.44% of all reimbursements) for 2,432 CAS procedures and US $1,792,324.06 (18.56%) for 1,272 CEA procedures. Average SUS reimbursement for CAS (US $3,232.73) was more than double than that for CEA (US $1,409.05).

Conclusions: In a city whose population exceeds that of some European countries, costs of CAS and CEA to the public health care system totaled more than US$ 9 million over 10 years. Epidemiologically, CAS was performed more commonly than CEA with no difference in in-hospital mortality between CAS and CEA, but reimbursements were 2.29 times higher for CAS. The low adoption of CEA in São Paulo is in contrast to countries where utilization rates are higher for CEA than for CAS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2019.12.040DOI Listing
July 2020

Twenty years of experience in vascular reconstructions associated with resection of malignant neoplasms in a single cancer center.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Jun 24;69(6):1880-1888. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

AC Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: Vascular invasion is no longer considered to be an absolute contraindication to tumor removal, and complex reconstructions are part of the daily activity of vascular surgeons in specialized cancer centers. Our aim was to report a single-center experience of complex vascular reconstructions involving en bloc resection of tumors and patients' long-term survival and graft patency outcomes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest report of vascular reconstructions published to date, with the longest follow-up.

Methods: Between September 1997 and January 2016, there were 91 patients who underwent 92 arterial and 47 venous reconstruction procedures in this retrospective cohort study. Long-term survival and patency outcomes were analyzed for all study patients and individually assessed in different body segments (head and neck, thorax, upper limbs, abdomen, and lower limbs).

Results: The estimated mean and median follow-up times were 112.66 and 100 months, respectively. The 24- and 60-month survival estimates for the patients overall were 55.3% and 31.1%, respectively. Survival estimates were significantly lower in the head and neck cases compared with the other body segments. The primary arterial patency rates at 24 and 60 months were 96.7% and 84.9%, respectively, and they were similar in all body segments. The venous patency rates were 71.4% and 64.2% at 24 and 60 months, respectively. Seven cases (7.6%) of arterial vascular complications were observed.

Conclusions: Vascular reconstruction performed in conjunction with oncologic resection is a feasible treatment option for tumors with vessel involvement. When surgery is performed in specialized centers, low perioperative morbidity and long-term patency rates are expected irrespective of the vascular territory undergoing intervention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.08.196DOI Listing
June 2019

The relation between age and outcomes of thoracic sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis: The older the better.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 10 7;156(4):1748-1756. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Vascular and Endovascular Division, Department of Surgery, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: Several factors may potentially influence the efficacy and patient satisfaction after bilateral thoracic sympathectomy as the treatment for hyperhidrosis, but few studies have specifically analyzed the impact of age on the efficacy of this treatment, the occurrence of compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH), and variations in the quality of life.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the effect of age, body mass index, surgical techniques, quality of life before surgery, betterment in the quality of life after surgery, clinical improvement in sweating at the main site, and the occurrence and intensity of CH in patients with hyperhidrosis (n = 1633) who underwent bilateral sympathectomy.

Results: Quality of life improved in more than 90% of patients, and severe CH occurred in 5.4%. Age did not affect these outcomes. The older, the greater reduction in sweating, and CH was linked to other variables (body mass index, craniofacial hyperhidrosis, and level of resection).

Conclusions: We observed that patients with old age reported an improvement in sweating in the main site of hyperhidrosis. Sympathectomy outcomes in older patients are similar to those observed in younger patients in terms of quality of life improvement and occurrence of CH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.05.084DOI Listing
October 2018

Combination of topical agents and oxybutynin as a therapeutic modality for patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 Feb;64(2):127-132

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The association of osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis often causes emotional and social problems that may impair the patients' quality of life. The purpose of our study was to analyze the therapeutic results of oxybutynin and topical agents in 89 patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis.

Method: We conducted an observational study at two specialized centers of hyperhidrosis between April 2007 and August 2013. Eighty-nine (89) patients with both osmidrosis and hyperhidrosis were treated with oxybutynin and topical agents. Patients were evaluated before treatment and at 3 and 6 weeks after treatment started, by using the Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Sweating Evolution Scale.

Results: Before treatment, 98% of the patients presented with poor or very poor quality of life. After six weeks of treatment, 70% stated their quality of life as being slightly better or much better (p<0.001) and nearly 70% of the patients experienced a moderate or great improvement in sweating and malodor. Improvement in osmidrosis was significantly greater when the axillary region was the first most disturbing site of hyperhidrosis.

Conclusion: There was a significant improvement in quality of life and a reduction in sweating and malodor after six weeks of treatment with topical agents and oxybutynin in patients with both hyperhidrosis and osmidrosis. Therefore, clinical treatment should be considered before invasive techniques.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.64.02.127DOI Listing
February 2018

Evaluation of patients who underwent resympathectomy for treatment of primary hyperhidrosis.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2017 11;25(5):716-719

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: Video thoracoscopic sympathectomy is the recommended surgical treatment for primary hyperhidrosis and has a high success rate. Despite this high success rate, some patients are unresponsive and eventually need a resympathectomy. Few studies have previously analysed exclusively the results of these resympathectomies in patients with primary hyperhidrosis. None of the studies have objectively evaluated the degree of response to surgery or the improvement in quality of life after resympathectomies.

Methods: This is a retrospective study, evaluating 15 patients from an initial group of 2300 patients who underwent resympathectomy after failure of the primary surgical treatment. We evaluated sympathectomy levels of resection, technical difficulties, surgical complications preoperative quality of life, response to treatment and quality-of-life improvement 30 days after each surgery.

Results: Regarding gender, 11 (73.3%) patients were women. The average age was 23.2 with SD of 5.17 years, and the mean body mass index was 20.9 (SD 2.12). Ten patients had major complaints about their hands (66%) and 5 (33%) patients about their forearms. A high degree of response to sympathectomy occurred in 73% of patients. In 11 of these patients, the improvement in quality of life was considered high, 3 showed a mild improvement and 1 did not improve. No major complications occurred; the presence of adhesions was reported in 11 patients and pleural drainage was necessary in 4 patients.

Conclusions: Resympathectomy is an effective procedure, and it improves the quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis who failed after the first surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivx235DOI Listing
November 2017

Comparison between Saline Solution Containing Heparin versus Saline Solution in the Lock of Totally Implantable Catheters.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Feb 23;47:85-89. Epub 2017 Sep 23.

Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil.

Background: There are only 3 studies comparing the efficacy of 2 different types of lock used in totally implantable catheters regarding occlusion or reflux dysfunction. The present study contains the largest published casuistry (862 patients) and is the only one that analyzes 3 parameters: occlusion, reflux dysfunction, and flow dysfunction.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients operated at a large oncology center and followed up in the outpatient clinic between 2007 and 2015. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the type of lock: the Hep group (heparine), whose lock was composed of saline solution 0.9% with heparin (100 IU/mL) and the SS group (saline solution), whose lock was composed of saline solution 0.9%.

Results: The Hep group was composed of 270 patients (31%) and the SS group of 592 patients (69%). Regarding occlusion, there were 8 cases in the Hep group (2.96%) and 8 in the SS group (1.35%; P = 0.11); in relation to reflux dysfunction, there were 8 cases in the Hep group (2.96%) and 8 in the SS group (1.35%; P = 0.11); in relation to flow dysfunction, there was 1 case in the Hep group (0.37%) and 4 cases in the SS group (0.68%; P = 1).

Conclusions: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups regarding occlusion, reflux dysfunction, and flow dysfunction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2017.09.015DOI Listing
February 2018

Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy for Facial Hyperhidrosis: The Influence of the Main Site of Complaint.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Jan 6;46:337-344. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Facial hyperhidrosis (FH) may lead patients to a significantly impaired quality of life (QOL). Video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy (VATS) is reserved for more severe cases refractory to common first-line agents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of VATS for FH and to compare the results between patients with facial hyperhidrosis as main complaint (FHMC) and patients with facial hyperhidrosis as nonmain complaint (FHNMC).

Methods: This was a retrospective study based on medical chart analysis from March 2000 to January 2014: 40 patients with FHMC and 136 patients with FHNMC. Patients underwent VATS at the T2, T3, or T4 level, according to the main site of complaint. We assessed improvement in QOL, improvement in hyperhidrosis, and presence of complications and side effects, notably compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH).

Results: Patients with FHMC reported greater improvement in FH (97.1% versus 93.6%; P = 0.006) but had lower improvement in QOL (78.2% versus 92.7%; P = 0.024) compared to patients with FHNMC. For patients with FHNMC, any degree of improvement in FH was reported by 100%, almost 95%, and nearly 80% of the patients who underwent VATS at the T2, T3, and T4 level, respectively (P = 0.039). Pain and CH were reported by more than 61% and 92% of the patients, respectively, with no statistical difference between both groups.

Conclusions: Patients with FHMC, despite the greater improvement in FH, experienced lower improvement in QOL compared to patients with FHNMC. CH was the most frequent side effect in both groups, affecting more than 92% of the patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2017.06.142DOI Listing
January 2018

Videothoracoscopic Sympathectomy Results after Oxybutynin Chloride Treatment Failure.

Ann Vasc Surg 2017 Aug 3;43:283-287. Epub 2017 May 3.

Department of Vascular Surgery, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Videothoracoscopy sympathectomy (VATS) is the only definitive treatment for primary hyperhidrosis (HH). Since 2007, in our institution, patients with HH were initially treated with oxybutynin chloride to avoid VATS and reduce compensatory hyperhidrosis incidence with good results. The aim of this study was to analyze the surgical response of patients suffering from essential hyperhidrosis after failure of oxybutynin chloride treatment.

Methods: This was an observational retrospective study that included 737 patients who were diagnosed with palmar or axillary hyperhidrosis and received VATS from January 2007 to January 2014. Patients were selected for 2 different groups: The post-oxybutynin surgery group consisted of 167 patients that were initially treated with oxybutynin chloride for 6 weeks and then received VATS after drug treatment failure. The primary surgery group consisted of a historic control group of 570 patients who were referred directly to surgical treatment. We evaluated the degree of improvement in symptoms 30 days after surgery and quality of life before and after the surgical treatment.

Results: All patients showed poor or very poor quality of life before surgery. Most patients showed a response between moderate and high after surgical treatment. However, those in primary surgery group responded better (95.1% vs. 98.2%). In the quality of life after surgery, most of the patients reported improvement, and the primary surgery group had better improvement (92.2% vs. 95.1%).

Conclusions: VATS showed good results in patients with palmar or axillary hyperhidrosis regarding surgical response and improvement on quality of life even when the previous oxybutynin chloride treatment failed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2017.01.018DOI Listing
August 2017

Brachial insertion of fully implantable venous catheters for chemotherapy: complications and quality of life assessment in 35 patients.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2016 Oct-Dec;14(4):473-479

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein.

Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons. The primary endpoints assessed were early postoperative complications, occurring within 30 days after implantation. The evaluation of patient satisfaction was based on a specific questionnaire used in previous studies.

Results: In all cases, ultrasound-guided puncture of the basilic vein was feasible and the procedure successfully completed. Early complications included one case of basilic vein thrombophlebitis and one case of pocket infection that did not require device removal. Out of 35 patients interviewed, 33 (94.3%) would recommend the device to other patients.

Conclusion: Implanting brachial ports is a feasible option, with low intraoperative risk and similar rates of early postoperative complications when compared to the existing data of the conventional technique. The patients studied were satisfied with the device and would recommend the procedure to others.

Objetivo: Avaliar prospectivamente segurança perioperatória, complicações precoces e grau de satisfação de pacientes submetidos ao implante de cateteres centrais de inserção periférica pela veia basílica.

Métodos: Foram acompanhados prospectivamente e submetidos ao implante de cateteres de longa permanência de inserção periférica, entre novembro de 2013 e junho de 2014, 35 pacientes consecutivos com doença oncológica ativa necessitando de quimioterapia. Os procedimentos foram realizados em centro cirúrgico por uma mesma equipe composta por três cirurgiões vasculares. Os desfechos primários avaliados foram as complicações pós-operatórias precoces, ocorridas em até 30 dias após o implante. A avaliação do grau de satisfação foi realizada com base na aplicação de um questionário específico já utilizado em estudos prévios.

Resultados: Em todos os casos, a punção ecoguiada da veia basílica foi possível, e o procedimento foi concluído com sucesso. As complicações precoces observadas incluíram um caso de tromboflebite de basílica e um de infecção de bolsa, ambos tratados clinicamente sem necessidade de retirada do dispositivo. Dos 35 pacientes interrogados, 33 (94,3%) recomendariam o dispositivo para outras pessoas.

Conclusão: A implantação do port braquial é uma opção factível, com baixo risco intraoperatório e taxas semelhantes de complicações pós-operatórias imediatas quando comparada a dados já existentes da técnica convencional. Os pacientes estudados apresentaram-se satisfeitos com o dispositivo e recomendariam o procedimento para outras pessoas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082016AO3606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5221372PMC
June 2017

Oral Rivaroxaban for the Treatment of Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism in 400 Patients With Active Cancer: A Single-Center Experience.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2017 Oct 27;23(7):883-887. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

2 Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein-São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: To study the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban-a direct oral anticoagulant-use in patients with active cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Patients And Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 400 patients with active cancer and associated VTE, defined as deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism. This single-center study was carried out from January 2012 to June 2015. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety, using the incidence of recurrent symptomatic VTE and major bleeding, respectively, throughout the treatment with rivaroxaban.

Results: Of the 400 patients enrolled, 223 (55.8%) were female. A total of 362 (90.5%) patients had solid tumors and 244 (61%) had metastatic disease. A total of 302 (75.5%) received initial parenteral therapy with enoxaparin (median: 3, mean: 5.6, standard deviation [SD]: 6.4 days) followed by rivaroxaban. Ninety-eight patients (24.5%) were treated with on label rivaroxaban treatment. Recurrence rates were 3.25% with major bleeding occurring in 5.5% during the anticoagulant therapy (median: 118, mean: 163.9, SD: 159.9 days).

Conclusion: Rivaroxaban can be an attractive alternative for the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1076029616677800DOI Listing
October 2017

Translation and validation of Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2016 Dec;62(9):843-847

Vascular Surgery Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: The evaluation of patients with hyperhidrosis (HH) can be accomplished, among other ways, through questionnaires and scales. The Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale (HDSS) has been used as a simple and quick tool to perform this evaluation. Although HDSS has been well established in several languages, it has not been translated into Portuguese, restricting its specific use for Brazilian patients. The aim of this study was to translate HDSS into Portuguese and validate it in a sample of Brazilian subjects.

Method: 290 Brazilian patients (69% women, with a mean age of 28.7±9.6 years and BMI 22.4±3.9 kg/m2) diagnosed with HH were evaluated using HDSS, Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) and Sweating Evolution Questionnaire (SEQ) before and after a five-week oxybutynin treatment. Regarding validation, an association between HDSS results and two other questionnaires was performed. To analyze HDSS sensitivity, evaluation of effects pre- and post-treatment with oxybutynin was conducted. Furthermore, HDSS reproducibility was analyzed in a subsample in which the scale was applied again after 7 days of the first follow-up appointment.

Results: There was statistical correlation between HDSS and QLQ and between HDSS and SEQ before treatment and after 5 weeks. Additionally, HDSS was reproducible and sensitive to clinical changes after the treatment period.

Conclusion: The Portuguese version of HDSS has been validated and shown to be reproducible in a Brazilian sample. Therefore it can be used as a tool to improve medical assistance in patients with HH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.62.09.843DOI Listing
December 2016

Randomized trial of radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery for superficial venous insufficiency: if you don't tell, they won't know.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2016 Nov 1;71(11):650-656. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, São Paulo/SP, Brazil.

Objectives:: This study compared radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery in patients who had not undergone previous treatment for bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency, with each patient serving as his own control.

Method:: This was a randomized controlled trial that included 18 patients and was carried out between November 2013 and May 2015. Each of the lower limbs of each patient was randomly assigned to undergo either radiofrequency ablation or conventional surgery. Clinical features (hyperpigmentation, hematoma, aesthetics, pain, skin burn, nerve injury, and thrombophlebitis) were evaluated at one week, one month, and six months postoperatively. Hemodynamic assessments (presence of resection or occlusion of the great saphenous vein and recurrent reflux in the sapheno-femoral junction and in the great saphenous vein) were performed at one month, six months, and 12 months postoperatively. The independent observer (a physician not involved in the original operation), patient, and duplex ultrasonographer were not made aware of the treatment done in each case. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02588911.

Results:: Among the clinical variables analyzed, only the aesthetic evaluation by the physicians was significant, with radiofrequency ablation being considered better than conventional surgery (average, 0.91 points higher: standard deviation: 0.31; 95% confidence interval: -1.51, -0.30; p=0.003). However, in our study, we observed primary success rates of 80% for radiofrequency ablation and 100% for conventional surgery.

Conclusions:: If the physician is not required to inform the patient as to the technique being performed, the patient will not be able to identify the technique based on the signs and symptoms. Our study revealed that both techniques led to high levels of patient satisfaction, but our results favor the choice of conventional surgery over radiofrequency ablation, as patients who underwent conventional surgery had better hemodynamic assessments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2016(11)06DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5108164PMC
November 2016

Carbon Dioxide as Contrast Medium to Guide Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

Ann Vasc Surg 2017 Feb 23;39:67-73. Epub 2016 Sep 23.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Morumbi, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Iodine contrast medium (ICM) is considered to be gold standard in endovascular procedures, but its nephrotoxicity and hypersensitivity limit the widespread use. Carbon dioxide (CO) is considered as an alternative for endovascular procedures in patients with contraindication to ICM. However, no studies have compared the outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) performed with ICM or CO among patients with no contraindication to ICM.

Methods: From May 2012 to April 2014, 36 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms underwent EVAR in a prospective, randomized, and controlled study. Patients were randomized into 2 groups, CO or ICM group.

Results: We were able to perform the proposed procedures in all patients in this study. There were no conversions to open surgery and no CO-related complications. Endovascular material costs, duration of surgery, and time of fluoroscopy were similar between groups, and the cost of the contrast media was smaller in the CO group than in the ICM group. Among CO group procedures, 62.5% of the patients needed ICM complementary use.

Conclusions: The use of CO as a contrast medium for EVAR is an alternative in patients with no restriction for ICM, with similar outcomes when compared to ICM, regarding duration of surgery, duration of fluoroscopy, and endovascular material costs. Using CO, there were no changes in creatinine clearance and no risk of hypersensitivity reactions; moreover, there was a reduction in contrast-related costs for EVAR procedures. However, in our study, additional use of ICM to visualize the internal iliac artery was needed in most procedures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2016.06.028DOI Listing
February 2017

Endovascular revascularization of TASC C and D femoropopliteal occlusive disease using carbon dioxide as contrast.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2016 Apr-Jun;14(2):124-9

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the results of ten angioplasties of TASC C and D femoropopliteal lesions using CO2 as primary contrast in patients with no formal contraindication to iodine, aiming to decrease allergic reactions and potential nephrotoxicity in high-risk patients.

Methods: We describe the results of ten angioplasties of TASC C and D femoropopliteal lesions using CO2 as primary contrast in patients with high risk for open revascularization and no formal contraindication to iodine. We analyzed feasibility of the procedures, complications, quality of the angiographic images, clinical and surgical outcomes, and costs of C and D lesions treated using CO2 as contrast medium.

Results: The use of CO2 in C and D lesions needed iodine complementation in most of the cases (nine cases) but decreased the potential nephrotoxicity of iodine contrast medium by the reduction of its volume in this group of high-risk patients. The extension of the arterial lesions was the factor that most contributed to the need for iodine supplementation due to the difficulty to visualize the refill after a long arterial occlusion.

Conclusion: The use of CO2 as contrast in patients with C and D lesions with no restriction for iodine contrast medium was an alternative that did not dismiss the need of iodine supplementation in most of the cases, but could decrease the potential nephrotoxicity of iodine constrast medium.

Objetivo: Analisar os resultados de dez angioplastias de lesões fêmoro-poplíteas TASC C e D utilizando CO2 como meio de contraste primário em pacientes sem restrição ao meio de contraste iodado com o objetivo de diminuir reações alérgicas e potencial de nefrotoxicidade em pacientes de alto risco.

MÉtodos: Descrevemos os resultados de dez angioplastias de lesões fêmoro-poplíteas TASC C e D utilizando CO2 como meio de contraste primário em pacientes de alto risco para revascularização aberta e sem contraindicação formal a iodo. Analisamos possibilidade de execução dos procedimentos, complicações, qualidade das imagens obtidas, desfechos clínicos e cirúrgicos e custos das lesões C e D tratadas com CO2 como meio de contraste.

Resultados: O uso de CO2 nas lesões C e D necessitou de complementação de iodo na maioria dos casos (nove casos), porém reduziu o potencial de nefrotoxicidade do meio de contraste iodado, diminuindo seu volume nesse grupo de pacientes de alto risco. A extensão das lesões arteriais foi o fator que mais contribuiu para necessidade de suplementação de iodo, devido à dificuldade de visualizar o reenchimento após oclusão arterial longa.

ConclusÃo: O uso de CO2 como contraste em pacientes com lesões C e D sem restrição ao meio de contraste iodado foi uma alternativa que não excluiu a necessidade de suplementação com iodo na maioria dos casos, porém pôde diminuir o potencial de nefrotoxicidade do meio de contraste iodado.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082016AO3661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4943344PMC
March 2017

Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Results in Higher Hospital Expenses than Open Surgical Repair: Evidence from a Tertiary Hospital in Brazil.

Ann Vasc Surg 2016 Oct 13;36:44-54. Epub 2016 Jul 13.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the preferred approach for the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (IRAAA) in detriment of open surgical repair (OSR). EVAR results in lower mortality rates within 30 days, but rates tend to be the same after longer periods. Moreover, reduced use of hospital resources with EVAR does not necessarily offset the costs of the endoprosthesis. We aimed, in this study, to estimate hospital expenses after OSR or EVAR, including early and late readmissions.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of hospital expenses (2005-2012) with elective IRAAA surgeries performed in a tertiary hospital, including 127 patients divided into 2 groups, EVAR (n = 102) and OSR (n = 25).

Results: One perioperative death occurred in each group. EVAR interventions lasted 145 vs. 210 min of OSR (P < 0.001). Among OSR patients, 68% required packed red blood cells. Among EVAR patients, this proportion was 7.8% (P < 0.001). Median hospitalization time differed significantly for EVAR (4 days) and OSR (8 days; P < 0.001, intervals EVAR: 1-17 days, OSR: 2-442 days). The median and mean expenses with EVAR were US $53,080.95 and US $56,289.49, respectively. The median and mean expenses with OSR were US $37,116.04 and US $68,788.54, respectively. Early readmissions reached 11.2%. None of the OSR patients required late reinterventions, but 10 (9.9%) EVAR patients did, one of whom died.

Conclusions: EVAR resulted in higher expenses with the exclusion of one outlier. Late reinterventions, with elevated costs, were only required by EVAR patients. Thus, when patients are eligible to undergo either intervention, OSR seems to have lower costs and better long-term results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2016.03.016DOI Listing
October 2016

Rediscussing Anticoagulation in Distal Deep Venous Thrombosis.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2016 Nov 19;22(8):772-778. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Distal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) accounts for approximately half of all the cases of lower limb thrombosis. The impact and management of this condition is still controversial. This study aims to evaluate the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with distal DVT in comparison to proximal DVT and evaluate the correlation between DVT and PE extension.

Methods: 100 patients with acute lower limb DVT diagnosed with whole leg Doppler ultrasound from January 2006 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Active investigation for PE was carried out in all patients using multislice computed tomography angiography. Classification of DVT and PE was based on the proximal extension of the thrombus.

Results: The overall incidence of PE in our sample patients was 72%. In the subgroup analysis, incidence of PE was equal in both the proximal and distal DVT groups (77%, p > 0.99). PE was detected in 43% of the patients with isolated calf vein thrombosis (ICVT). No statistical difference was observed between the distribution of lobar, segmental and subsegmental PE in the 3 DVT subgroups (p = 0.665); however, truncular PE was only observed in the proximal DVT group.

Conclusion: Distal DVT is associated with a high incidence of PE compared to proximal DVT. Distal DVT and ICVT can provoke PE with involvement of proximal vessels in the pulmonary arterial tree, even in asymptomatic patients. Our study arises discussion in the controversial debate regarding the need for routine anticoagulation in distal DVT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1076029615627343DOI Listing
November 2016

Carbon dioxide contrast medium for endovascular treatment of ilio-femoral occlusive disease.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2015 Oct;70(10):675-9

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo/, SP, Brazil.

Objectives: Compare the use of carbon dioxide contrast medium with iodine contrast medium for the endovascular treatment of ilio-femoral occlusive disease in patients without contraindications to iodine.

Materials And Methods: From August 2012 to August 2014, 21 consecutive patients with ilio-femoral occlusive disease who were eligible for endovascular treatment and lacked contraindications to either iodine contrast or carbon dioxide were randomized into the carbon dioxide or iodine groups and subjected to ilio-femoral angioplasty.We analyzed the feasibility of the procedures, the surgical and clinical outcomes, the procedure lengths, the endovascular material costs, the contrast costs and the quality of the angiographic images in each group.

Results: No conversions to open surgery and no contrast media related complications were noted in either group. A post-operative femoral pulse was present in 88.9% of the iodine group and 80% of the carbon dioxide group. No differences in procedure length, endovascular material cost or renal function variation were noted between the groups. Four patients in the carbon dioxide group required iodine supplementation to complete the procedure. Contrast media expenses were reduced in the carbon dioxide group. Regarding angiographic image quality, 82% of the carbon dioxide images were graded as either good or fair by observers.

Conclusions: The use of carbon dioxide contrast medium is a good option for ilio-femoral angioplasty in patients without contraindications to iodine and is not characterized by differences in endovascular material costs, procedure duration and surgical outcomes. In addition, carbon dioxide has lower contrast expenses compared with iodine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2015(10)03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4602385PMC
October 2015

Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Cancer Patients.

Ann Vasc Surg 2016 Jan 2;30:159-65. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, A.C. Camargo Cancer Center, Fundação Antonio Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of oncologic patients with associated aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (AAA), treated at a specialized cancer (Ca) hospital more than a 10-year period.

Methods: This was a retrospective study, and the data were obtained from our institution's prospective database. Between September 2003 and 2013, a total of 36 consecutive patients with AAA in association with Ca underwent surgical repair. Of these, 9 patients were excluded because the Ca treatment was performed at another service. Most of the patients were male (22) and the most frequent form of neoplasia was prostate Ca. Surgery for AAA repair was performed after the Ca treatment in 19 cases, before Ca treatment in 7 cases and concomitantly in 1 case. The intraoperative characteristics, treatment technique used, complications, patients' clinical evolution, and survival outcomes were analyzed.

Results: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was used in 19 cases (70.4%) and conventional open repair (OR) in 8 cases (29.6%). Surgical treatment was uneventful in 19 cases, however, when present, postoperative complications occurred more frequently with EVAR (36.84% vs. 12.5%). There were no cases of death related to the aneurysm surgery. Most of the patients in both groups were alive at the end of the study. The probability of survival in our study was 65.8% at 3 years and 53% at 5 years, with no statistically significant difference between the EVAR and OR groups. The main cause of death was progression of the neoplastic disease.

Conclusions: Patients who present Ca in association with AAA benefit from surgical treatment of both conditions, simultaneously or not. In these cases, it is important for the treatment to be individualized, and the disease of greater severity should be treated first. The endovascular and conventional open techniques were shown to be equivalent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2015.07.043DOI Listing
January 2016

Surgical outcomes of vascular reconstruction in soft tissue sarcomas of the lower extremities.

J Vasc Surg 2015 Jul;62(1):143-9

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, A. C. Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Limb-sparing procedures are currently considered the standard treatment for lower limb soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Surgical excision combined with vascular resection may be necessary to provide an adequate safety margin and to improve the oncologic outcomes. In this scenario, vascular reconstruction is required to preserve limb function. We evaluated the long-term patency and survival outcomes of arterial and venous reconstruction after resecting lower limb STS in the largest single-center case series to date.

Methods: Between November 1995 and July 2014, 25 patients with lower limb STS and vascular invasion underwent surgical resection followed by arterial or venous reconstruction. Patients were followed up at regular outpatient visits, at which clinical examinations and duplex ultrasound mapping were performed to assess graft patency.

Results: A total of 44 revascularization procedures were performed. The median follow-up time for the arterial and venous groups combined was 25.2 months (range, 0.26-225.6 months). The 5-year survival probability was 42.1%. The graft occlusion rate was significantly higher after reconstruction with synthetic grafts than after reconstruction with saphenous vein substitutes (P = .02). The occlusion rate was not significantly different between arterial reconstruction and venous reconstruction (P > .05).

Conclusions: Arterial and venous reconstruction is feasible after surgical resection of lower limb STS. Vascular reconstruction provides favorable long-term patency outcomes and low complication rates, allowing limb preservation and disease control in a select group of patients. Vascular reconstruction using venous grafts had a significantly higher patency rate than reconstruction with artificial venous substitutes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2015.02.004DOI Listing
July 2015

Carbon dioxide as a substitute for iodine contrast in arteriography during embolectomy.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2015 Apr-Jun;13(2):273-5. Epub 2015 Jun 9.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Acute limb ischemia can be potentially harmful to the limb and life threatening. Renal failure is a possible outcome associated with release of products of ischemic limb reperfusion. Some authors reported the benefit of performing angiography after embolectomy, even though iodine contrast is also nephrotoxic. We report a case of embolectomy on a patient with renal insufficiency in whom carbon dioxide was used as a substitute for iodine contrast.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082015RC2997DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4943822PMC
October 2015
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