Publications by authors named "Marcela Gerpe"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Linking cadmium and mercury accumulation to nutritional intake in common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) from Patagonia, Argentina.

Environ Pollut 2020 Aug 1;263(Pt A):114480. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, Departamento de Ciencias Marinas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, CONICET, Funes 3350, Mar del Plata, B7602AYL, Argentina; Laboratorio de Ecotoxicología, Departamento de Ciencias Marinas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Mar del Plata, Argentina.

Bioaccumulation of Hg and Cd from food is a complex ecological process that has been oversimplified in the past. Common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) provide a powerful model to biomonitor metal concentrations in marine environments worldwide. We combined proportions-based nutritional geometry with metal analysis, stomach content analysis and the proximate composition of prey, to yield novel insights into the accumulation of Hg and Cd. Our analysis showed an age-related accumulation trend for Cd and Hg in kidney and liver, with highest concentrations found at 18 years of age. When viewed through the lens of nutritional ecology, Argentine anchovy (58.1 Mass %) and South American long-finned squid (22.7 Mass %), provided most of the dietary intake of protein (P) and lipids (L) (P:L ratio = 2.6:1.0) and also represented the main source for Cd and Hg levels accumulated in their bodies. This study presents unprecedented evidence on metal accumulation in relation to age and nutritional intake in a marine predator.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114480DOI Listing
August 2020

Strategies for cadmium detoxification in the white shrimp Palaemon argentinus from clean and polluted field locations.

Chemosphere 2019 Dec 27;236:124224. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Laboratorio de Toxicología Ambiental, Departamento de Ciencias Marinas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350, 7600, Mar del Plata, Argentina; Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (IIMyC-CONICET), Argentina.

In this study, we investigated the metal handling capacity of non-tolerant and tolerant populations of Palaemon argentinus to cadmium (Cd), through evaluating of the main mechanisms of metal detoxification, metallothioneins (MT) and metal-rich granules (MRG), to probe that the presence of MRG in the second population is responsible of that condition. The tolerant population were exposed to 3.06 and 12.26 μg Cd·L, while the non-tolerant shrimp were exposed to 3.06 μg Cd·L. Each experiment involved the exposure during 3, 7, 10 and 15 days and, the depuration during 7, 14, 21 and 28 days, for which shrimp were transferred to clean water. The range values of MT concentrations for non-tolerant shrimp were: 12.24-23.91 μg g (w.w), while for tolerant shrimp were: 8.75-16.85 μg g (w.w); MRG levels were: 0.12-0.57 μg g (w.w) and 0.3-2.1 μg g (w.w), respectively. The results showed different strategies for Cd detoxification: the induction of MT was the main pathway in the non-tolerant population, while the formation of Cd-MRG was the main mechanism for tolerant shrimp. These differences could be related to the environmental history and the health status of each populations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.194DOI Listing
December 2019

Toxicological responses of Laeonereis acuta (Polychaeta, Nereididae) after acute, subchronic and chronic exposure to cadmium.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Mar 25;149:217-224. Epub 2017 Nov 25.

Toxicología Ambiental, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC-CONICET), Departamento de Ciencias Marinas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, CP 7600 Mar del Plata, Argentina.

The objective of this study was to analyze the toxicological responses of the estuarine polychaete Laeonereis acuta after acute (96h), subchronic (7 days) and chronic (14 days) exposure to cadmium (Cd). Concentrations of metallothioneins (MT), lipid peroxidation (LPO), total Cd and metal-rich granules (MRG) were evaluated. Seasonal variations of MT and LPO levels in the wild were also measured. Polychaetes were obtained in the Quequén estuary located southeast of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. For the acute toxicity assay, individuals were exposed to 10; 30, 65; 310; 600; 1300; 2000; 4300; 8100; 16300µgCdL, which included levels of environmental relevance and median lethal concentrations (LC) for related species of polychaete. Based on 96h LC values, polychaetes were exposed to sublethal doses of Cd. The concentrations for both subchronic and chronic assays were: 10; 30; 65; 310; 600; 1300; 2000; 4300µgCdL. The 96h LC value was 8234.9µgL, which was within the values reported for other species of polychaete, indicating a high tolerance to Cd. MT induction was not observed for any time exposure. In additoin, LPO levels showed no differences with respect to control levels, which indicated an absence of oxidative damage caused by Cd. However, the total Cd and MRG-Cd concentrations in L. acuta in all tested treatments showed significant differences with respect to control levels. L. acuta were able to accumulate Cd in their tissues in the form of granules which are the main mechanism of Cd detoxification.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.11.048DOI Listing
March 2018

Hepatic and renal metallothionein concentrations in Commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) from Tierra del Fuego, South Atlantic Ocean.

Mar Pollut Bull 2016 Jul 10;108(1-2):263-7. Epub 2016 Apr 10.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina; Toxicología Ambiental, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350, (CP 7600) Mar del Plata, Argentina.

The Commerson's dolphin is the most common endemic odontocete of subantarctic waters of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina incidentally caught in fishing nets. The species is classified as "Data Deficient" by the IUCN. Metallothioneins (MTs) are considered as suitable biomarkers for health and environmental monitoring. The aims of the study were to assess MT concentrations in the liver and kidney of bycaught specimens. Moreover, correlations with Zn, Se, Cd, Ag and Hg, and the molar ratios of MT:metals were estimated to evaluate if there is an indication of their respective protective role against metal toxicity in tissues. Hepatic and renal MT concentrations were similar, ranging from 11.6 to 29.1nmol·g(-1) WW, and Kidney/Liver ratios ranging from 0.73 to 1.93 corresponded to normal ranges. Results suggest that MTs are related to physiological ranges for the species. This information constitutes the first MT report on Commerson's dolphins and possibly considered as baseline for species' conservation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.03.061DOI Listing
July 2016

Lethal and sublethal effects of cadmium in the white shrimp Palaemonetes argentinus: a comparison between populations from contaminated and reference sites.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2013 Mar 20;89:52-8. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Laboratorio de Ecotoxicología, Departamento de Ciencias Marinas, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350, Mar del Plata 7600, Argentina.

In the present study, the acute toxicity of cadmium (Cd) in white shrimp (Palaemonetes argentinus) from a metal polluted lagoon (Los Padres, LP) and from unpolluted lagoon (Nahuel Ruca, NR) was evaluated. Both population, were exposed to 3.06, 12.26, 30.66, 61.32, 306 and 613.2 μg Cd · L(-1) for 96-h. The sublethal effects of Cd were examined by two cellular biomarkers: metallothionein (MT) and lipid peroxidation (LPO). The seasonal variations of biomarkers in both lagoons were also evaluated. P. argentinus demonstrated a high sensitivity to Cd, with values of 96-h LC50 lower and close to those of highly sensitive species; therefore, can be proposed as a good indicator species. The LC(50) values of shrimp from LP (24-h: 269.8, 48-h: 67.45, 72-h: 30.66, 96-h: 24.50 μg Cd · L(-1)) were higher than those from NR (24-h: 153.3, 48-h: 32.65, 72-h: 18.40, 96-h: 12.26 μg Cd · L(-1)), indicating a higher tolerance to Cd, and it was related to their origin. Differential responses in terms of MT induction and LPO between populations were also detected. In NR shrimps, the MT synthesis was induced very fast (24-h) and even at the minimum concentration tested (3.06 μg Cd · L(-1)), while no increases were observed in LPO levels. In contrast, the MT and LPO levels in LP shrimps were not increased relative to control, although they were more tolerant to Cd than those of NR; suggesting the presence of another mechanism involved in the detoxification of Cd. The differences in both sensitivity and biochemical responses to Cd may be related with their environmental histories.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.11.008DOI Listing
March 2013

Plastic ingestion in Franciscana dolphins, Pontoporia blainvillei (Gervais and d'Orbigny, 1844), from Argentina.

Mar Pollut Bull 2011 Aug 25;62(8):1836-41. Epub 2011 May 25.

Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata, Argentina.

Plastic debris (PD) ingestion was examined in 106 Franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei) incidentally captured in artisanal fisheries of the northern coast of Argentina. Twenty-eight percent of the dolphins presented PD in their stomach, but no ulcerations or obstructions were recorded in the digestive tracts. PD ingestion was more frequent in estuarine (34.6%) than in marine (19.2%) environments, but the type of debris was similar. Packaging debris (cellophane, bags, and bands) was found in 64.3% of the dolphins, with a lesser proportion (35.7%) ingesting fishery gear fragments (monofilament lines, ropes, and nets) or of unknown sources (25.0%). PD ingestion correlated with ontogenetic changes in feeding regimes, reaching maximum values in recently weaned dolphins. Because a simultaneous increase in gillnet entanglement and the bioaccumulation of heavy metals take place at this stage, the first months after trophic independence should be considered as a key phase for the conservation of Franciscana dolphin stocks in northern Argentina.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.003DOI Listing
August 2011