Publications by authors named "Marcela Živković"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of diagnostic accuracy for eight SARS-CoV-2 serological assays.

Biochem Med (Zagreb) 2021 Feb;31(1):010708

Department of Clinical Chemistry, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia.

Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) serological tests have been suggested as an additional diagnostic tool in highly suspected cases with a negative molecular test and determination of seroprevalence in population. We compared the diagnostic performance of eight commercial serological assays for IgA, IgM, and IgG antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Materials And Methods: The comparison study was performed on a total of 76 serum samples: 30 SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-negative and 46 SARS-CoV-2 PCR-positive patients with asymptomatic to severe disease and symptoms duration from 3-30 days. The study included: three rapid lateral flow immunochromatographic assays (LFIC), two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and three chemiluminescence immunoassays (CLIA).

Results: Agreement between IgM assays were minimal to moderate (kappa 0.26 to 0.63) and for IgG moderate to excellent (kappa 0.72 to 0.92). Sensitivities improved with > 10 days of symptoms and were: 30% to 89% for IgM; 89% to 100% for IgG; 96% for IgA; 100% for IgA/IgM combination; 96% for total antibodies. Overall specificities were: 90% to 100% for IgM; 85% to 100% for IgG; 90% for IgA; 70% for IgA/IgM combination; 100% for total antibodies. Diagnostic accuracy for IgG ELISA and CIA assays were excellent (AUC ≥ 0.90), without significant difference. IgA showed significantly better diagnostic accuracy than IgM (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: There is high variability between IgM assays independently of the assay format, while IgG assays showed moderate to perfect agreement. The appropriate time for testing is crucial for the proper immunity investigation.
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February 2021

Effects of Yoga in Daily Life program in rheumatoid arthritis: A randomized controlled trial.

Complement Ther Med 2021 Mar 8;57:102639. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Department of Clinical Immunology, Allergology and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine University of Zagreb, Dubrava University Hospital, Avenija Gojka Šuška 6, 10 000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Objectives: To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a yoga program in improving health-related quality of life (HQOL), physical and psychological functioning in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.

Design: Single-centre parallel-arms randomized controlled trial comparing yoga (n = 30) and education control group (n = 27).

Setting: Tertiary care University hospital.

Intervention: A 12-week yoga program, based on the Yoga in Daily Life system, included 2x weekly/90-minute sessions. The control group had 1xweekly/60-minute educational lectures on arthritis-related topics.

Main Outcome Measures: Assessments were performed at baseline, 12 (post-intervention) and 24 weeks (follow-up). The primary outcome was change in The Short Form-36 (SF-36) HQOL at 12 weeks. Linear regression analysis was adjusted for baseline scores.

Results: No significant between-group differences were found for SF-36 (all p > 0.05). At 12 weeks the adjusted mean difference between groups favoured yoga for Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-fatigue (5.08 CI 1.29 to 8.86; p = 0.009) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)-depression (-1.37 CI -2.38 to -0.36); p = 0.008) and at 24 weeks for HADS-anxiety (-1.79 CI -3.34 to - 0.23; p = 0.025), while the impact on fatigue was sustained (5.43 CI 1.33 to 9.54, p = 0.01). The program had no impact on RA disease activity. Feasibility outcomes included recruitment rate 16 %, retention 80.7 %, and adherence to yoga 87.5 vs 82.7 % for control. No serious adverse events were recorded.

Conclusions: Yoga in Daily Life program was not associated with change in health-related quality of life of RA patients. Significant improvements in fatigue and mood were observed at postintervention and follow-up. This yoga program was found feasible and safe for patients and may complement standard RA treat-to-target strategy.
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March 2021

Hemoglobin A1c in Patients with Glioblastoma-A Preliminary Study.

World Neurosurg 2020 09 31;141:e553-e558. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatia; Department of Surgery, Zagreb University School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Glioblastomas are among the most common primary brain tumors with an abysmal prognosis. The significance of glucose metabolism in glioblastoma cell metabolism and proliferation is well-known. However, a significant correlation between the systemic metabolic status of the patient and the cellular proliferation of the glioblastoma has not yet been established.

Methods: Our aim was to observe and analyze for a possible correlation between glioblastoma cellular proliferation and patients' glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels as a marker of chronic systemic glycemia. We analyzed the data from 25 patients and compared their Ki-67 values with their preoperative HbA1c values.

Results: We observed a statistically significant correlation (P < 0.03) between chronic glycemia (measured using HbA1c) and the cellular proliferation of glioblastoma (measured by cellular Ki-67 expression).

Conclusions: These results imply a possible positive correlation between glioblastoma cell proliferation and chronic systemic glycemia, a correlation that, to the best of our knowledge, has not yet been reported. Further research in this area could not only lead to a better understanding of glioblastoma but also have significant clinical applications in treating this devastating disease.
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September 2020

HbA1c in patients with intracranial meningiomas WHO grades I and II: A preliminary study.

IUBMB Life 2020 07 5;72(7):1426-1432. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatia.

Meningiomas are among the most common primary brain tumors. There is a growing need for novel ways of differentiating between benign (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I) and atypical (WHO grade II) meningiomas as well as for novel markers of the tumor's future behavior. A difference between glucose metabolism in atypical and benign meningiomas is well known. However, a significant correlation between the systemic metabolic status of the patient and the meningioma WHO grade has not yet been established. Our aim was to compare the WHO grades of intracranial meningiomas with the patient's HbA1c levels as a more reliable marker of the chronic systemic metabolic status than the fasting blood glucose value, which is usually looked at. We retrospectively analyzed 15 patients and compared their meningioma WHO grade with their preoperative HbA1c values. Our results show that patients with benign intracranial meningiomas have significantly lower HbA1c value. Conversely, patients with atypical intracranial meningiomas have higher HbA1c values. Furthermore, we showed that the proliferation factor Ki67 was statistically strongly correlated with the HbA1c value (p < .001. These results imply a possible positive correlation between meningioma cell proliferation and the chronic systemic glycemia. Further research in this area could not only lead to better understanding of meningiomas but could have significant clinical application.
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July 2020

Increased mean platelet volume (MPV) is an independent predictor of inferior survival in patients with primary and secondary myelofibrosis.

Int J Hematol 2018 Feb 11;107(2):166-172. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

Hematology Department, University Hospital Dubrava, Av. Gojka Suska 6, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Neoplastic megakaryopoiesis is a dominant feature of Philadelphia-chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph- MPNs), and elevated mean-platelet-volume (MPV) is a common finding in these diseases. The clinical and prognostic significances of MPV in patients with primary (PMF) and secondary myelofibrosis (SMF) have not been reported. We retrospectively analyzed 87 patients with myelofibrosis (66 with PMF, 21 with SMF) treated at our institution. MPV was recorded in addition to other hematological and clinical parameters. MPV was elevated in both PMF and SMF patients in comparison to controls, whereas there was no statistically significant difference between PMF and SMF. Elevated MPV was associated with lower platelets (P = 0.016), higher white blood cells (P = 0.015), higher percentage of circulatory blasts (P = 0.009), higher lactate dehydrogenase (P = 0.011), larger spleen size (P = 0.014) and higher Dynamic International Prognostic score category (P = 0.027), while there was no statistically significant association with driver mutations or degree of bone marrow fibrosis. Higher MPV was univariately associated with inferior overall survival in the whole cohort (HR = 3.82, P = 0.006), PMF (HR = 4.35, P = 0.007) and SMF patients (HR = 7.22, P = 0.034). These associations remained significant in multivariate analyses adjusted for DIPSS. Higher MPV is associated with more aggressive disease features and exhibits powerful independent prognostic properties in both PMF and SMF settings.
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February 2018

Anti-citrullinated protein antibody and rheumatoid factor in patients with end-stage renal disease.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2009 ;47(8):959-62

Clinical Department for Laboratory Diagnostic, Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and on hemodialysis (HD) are at increased risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as a result of defective immunity. Our aim was to examine if ESRD and the length of HD treatment impact the clinical utility of antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) and rheumatoid factor (RF) as diagnostic tools for RA.

Methods: We included 94 subjects in our study: 37 healthy volunteers and 57 patients with ESRD who had been undergoing HD for 1-12 years, and without confirmed RA. In order to test our hypothesis, we measured and correlated anti-CCP and RF as laboratory markers of RA.

Results: Our study showed that there is no significant difference between values for anti-CCP (p=0.11) and RF (p=0.98) in control subjects as well as in patients undergoing HD, regardless of the length of time that patients had been undergoing HD treatment.

Conclusions: Our study indicates that HD does not impair the specificity of anti-CCP and RF for RA in patients where the disease has not yet developed. Future prospective studies may show whether there is any use in determinating RF, and especially anti-CCP, as early predictors of RA in patients with ESRD who are at greater risk of developing this condition.
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October 2009

Monitoring of fibrinolysis parameters during myocardial revascularization according to type of procedure.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2005 ;43(1):43-8

Department of Laboratory Diagnosis, Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia.

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of cardiothoracic surgery on the dynamics of plasminogen, D-dimers and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-I) during the first 24 h after surgery. The study included 14 patients operated with (on-pump) and 14 without (off-pump) the use of extracorporeal circulation (ECC). Blood sampling was carried out on induction of anesthesia (timepoint 1), on introduction of heparin (point 2) and protamine (point 3), at the end of surgery (point 4), and the next morning (point 5). Relative to point 1, the utilization of plasminogen at point 2 was 24% and 17% in the on-pump and off-pump groups, respectively (p=0.001 both). Increased D-dimer concentration from the baseline was more pronounced in the on-pump group (p=0.001). At point 5, D-dimer concentrations were comparable in both groups and different from baseline levels. PAI-I activity showed within-group differences from baseline at point 5 in the off-pump group (p=0.001), and at points 3 and 5 in the on-pump group (p=0.002 and 0.001, respectively). At point 5, the activity of PAI-I was comparable in both groups, yielding p=0.001 vs. baseline. Fibrinolysis was more pronounced and more dynamic in the on-pump group due to activation of the systemic inflammatory response induced by the use of ECC. In the off-pump group, fibrinolysis was a normal physiological response to the surgical procedure.
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August 2005