Publications by authors named "María Teresa Muñoz-Jimenez"

2 Publications

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Tumor mutational burden assessment in non-small-cell lung cancer samples: results from the TMB harmonization project comparing three NGS panels.

J Immunother Cancer 2021 May;9(5)

H12O-CNIO Lung Cancer Clinical Research Unit, Health Research Institute Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12) / Spanish National Cancer Research Center (CNIO), Madrid, Spain.

Background: Tumor mutational burden (TMB) is a recently proposed predictive biomarker for immunotherapy in solid tumors, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Available assays for TMB determination differ in horizontal coverage, gene content and algorithms, leading to discrepancies in results, impacting patient selection. A harmonization study of TMB assessment with available assays in a cohort of patients with NSCLC is urgently needed.

Methods: We evaluated the TMB assessment obtained with two marketed next generation sequencing panels: TruSight Oncology 500 (TSO500) and Oncomine Tumor Mutation Load (OTML) versus a reference assay (Foundation One, FO) in 96 NSCLC samples. Additionally, we studied the level of agreement among the three methods with respect to PD-L1 expression in tumors, checked the level of different immune infiltrates versus TMB, and performed an inter-laboratory reproducibility study. Finally, adjusted cut-off values were determined.

Results: Both panels showed strong agreement with FO, with concordance correlation coefficients (CCC) of 0.933 (95% CI 0.908 to 0.959) for TSO500 and 0.881 (95% CI 0.840 to 0.922) for OTML. The corresponding CCCs were 0.951 (TSO500-FO) and 0.919 (OTML-FO) in tumors with <1% of cells expressing PD-L1 (PD-L1<1%; N55), and 0.861 (TSO500-FO) and 0.722 (OTML-FO) in tumors with PD-L1≥1% (N=41). Inter-laboratory reproducibility analyses showed higher reproducibility with TSO500. No significant differences were found in terms of immune infiltration versus TMB. Adjusted cut-off values corresponding to 10 muts/Mb with FO needed to be lowered to 7.847 muts/Mb (TSO500) and 8.380 muts/Mb (OTML) to ensure a sensitivity >88%. With these cut-offs, the positive predictive value was 78.57% (95% CI 67.82 to 89.32) and the negative predictive value was 87.50% (95% CI 77.25 to 97.75) for TSO500, while for OTML they were 73.33% (95% CI 62.14 to 84.52) and 86.11% (95% CI 74.81 to 97.41), respectively.

Conclusions: Both panels exhibited robust analytical performances for TMB assessment, with stronger concordances in patients with negative PD-L1 expression. TSO500 showed a higher inter-laboratory reproducibility. The cut-offs for each assay were lowered to optimal overlap with FO.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jitc-2020-001904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8108670PMC
May 2021

TERT promoter mutation in sebaceous neoplasms.

Virchows Arch 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Pathology, Medical School, Universidad Complutense, Instituto i+12, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, CIBERONC, Madrid, Spain.

TERT promoter (TERTp) mutations widely occur in multiple human neoplasms, and they have been related to different clinicopathological features. To date, this mutation has not been identified in sebaceous tumors. Here, we analyzed TERTp mutations in 91 sebaceous neoplasms (17 adenomas, 45 sebaceomas, and 29 carcinomas). We detected mutations in 26.7% (8 of 29) of sebaceous carcinomas by pyrosequencing and Sanger sequencing. No mutation was detected in adenomas or sebaceomas. The difference was significant between sebaceoma and carcinoma. The most frequent TERTp mutations were C228T and C250T in 37.5% (3 of 8) of mutated cases each one. The mutation was not associated with poor clinical evolution. Using NGS, 20 of 29 (68.5%) sebaceous carcinomas harbored mutations in 8 of the 30 genes analyzed (TP53, TERTp, EGFR, ATRX, PDGFRA, CDKN2A, PTEN, and ACVR1). With immunohistochemistry, only 1 of 8 (12.5%) TERTp-mutated carcinomas lacked mismatch repair (MMR) protein expression compared to 6 of 21 (31.6%) of non-mutated ones. Sebaceous carcinomas with MMR protein expression had significantly higher frequency of total mutations and TP53 and TERTp mutations than MMR protein-deficient carcinomas. In conclusion, TERTp mutation has been detected in sebaceous carcinomas, and its presence could be useful to differentiate sebaceous carcinoma from sebaceoma, a difficult histopathological challenge.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-021-03083-9DOI Listing
March 2021