Publications by authors named "Manu Saraswat"

2 Publications

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Evidence for transmission of COVID-19 prior to symptom onset.

Elife 2020 06 22;9. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada.

We collated contact tracing data from COVID-19 clusters in Singapore and Tianjin, China and estimated the extent of pre-symptomatic transmission by estimating incubation periods and serial intervals. The mean incubation periods accounting for intermediate cases were 4.91 days (95%CI 4.35, 5.69) and 7.54 (95%CI 6.76, 8.56) days for Singapore and Tianjin, respectively. The mean serial interval was 4.17 (95%CI 2.44, 5.89) and 4.31 (95%CI 2.91, 5.72) days (Singapore, Tianjin). The serial intervals are shorter than incubation periods, suggesting that pre-symptomatic transmission may occur in a large proportion of transmission events (0.4-0.5 in Singapore and 0.6-0.8 in Tianjin, in our analysis with intermediate cases, and more without intermediates). Given the evidence for pre-symptomatic transmission, it is vital that even individuals who appear healthy abide by public health measures to control COVID-19.
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June 2020

Functional, impulse-based quantification of plantar pressure patterns in typical adult gait.

Gait Posture 2019 01 1;67:122-127. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital, Alberta Health Services, 10230 - 111 Avenue NW, Edmonton, Alberta, T5G 0B7, Canada; Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, W.C. Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre, 8440 - 112 Street NW, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2R7, Canada.

Background: Dynamic pedobarography is used to measure the change in plantar pressure distribution during gait. Clinical methods of pedobarographic analysis lack, however, a standardized, functional segmentation or require costly motion capture technology and expertise. Furthermore, while commonly used pedobarographic measures are mostly based on peak pressures, progressive foot deformities also depend on the duration the pressure is applied, which can be quantified via impulse measures.

Research Question: Our objectives were to: (1) develop a standardized method for functionally segmenting pedobarographic data during gait without the need for motion capture; (2) compute pedobarographic measures that are based on each segment's vertical impulse; and (3) obtain a normative set of such pedobarographic measures for non-disabled gait.

Methods: Pedobarographic data was collected during gait from sixty adults with normal feet. Using the maximum pressure map for each trial, an expert and novice rater independently identified the hallux, heel, medial forefoot, and lateral forefoot and computed nine normalized vertical impulse measures.

Results: From the computed impulse measures, the Heel-to-Forefoot Balance was 33.3 ± 5.5%, the Medial-Lateral Forefoot Balance (with hallux) 59.2 ± 8.0%, the Medial-Lateral Forefoot Balance (without hallux) 53.5 ± 7.7%, and the Hallux-to-Medial Forefoot Balance 21.0 ± 8.9% (mean ± standard deviation). The intra- and inter-rater reliability ranged between 0.93 and 1.00 and between 0.89 and 0.99, respectively (ICC(2,1)).

Significance: We developed a simple, stand-alone method for pedobarographic segmentation that is mechanistically linked to relevant anatomical regions of the foot. The normative impulse measures exhibited excellent reliability. This normative dataset is currently used in the clinical assessment of different foot deformities and gait impairments, and in the evaluation of treatment outcomes.
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January 2019