Publications by authors named "Manish Kumar Meena"

2 Publications

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Silicosis With Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax in the Western Rajasthan.

Cureus 2020 Nov 30;12(11):e11811. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Psychiatry, Griffin Memorial Hospital, Norman, USA.

Objective Silicosis is one of the common occupational lung diseases caused by crystalline silica respiration. Pneumothorax is one of the most common and morbid complications of silicosis involving lung pleura. It is commonly seen unilaterally in chronic silicosis and can often be lethal. The purpose of this study is to report secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) in critically ill patients with silicosis. Methods A cross-sectional study was done between January 2019 and June 2019 at Sawai Man Singh (SMS) Medical College in Jaipur, India. A cohort of 50 patients with dyspnea and a history of silicosis were studied. A chest X-ray and sputum for acid fast bacilli were checked on all suspected cases. Results The present study showed that the mean age of patients was 38.7 years, all silicosis patients had dyspnea, and 96% of patients had severe chest pain. The results of chest X-rays concluded the evidence of silicosis. Bilateral pneumothorax was seen in three cases, right-sided pneumothorax in eight cases, and left-sided pneumothorax in 11 cases. The rate of pneumothorax incidence in silicosis patients was about 44%, which is higher than the current evidence. Six patients were managed conservatively with oxygen and bronchodilators, and 16 patients underwent through tube thoracostomy. Conclusion This study highlights the importance of considering spontaneous pneumothorax in patients who are presenting with shortness of breath and/or chest pain especially with a known history of silicosis, as the timely diagnosis can alter the management of this morbid condition which carries a high mortality rate if left untreated, compromising the lung expansion, venous return, cardiac output, oxygenation and eventually leading to death.
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November 2020

Nail Changes Caused by Chemotherapy among Cancer Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study of Northwest Rajasthan.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2020 Nov-Dec;11(6):953-958. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India.

Background: The nail changes caused by chemotherapy in cancer patients are difficult to assess and often overlooked by clinician. The present study was undertaken to study nail changes caused by various chemotherapeutic agents and various drug protocols most commonly associated with them.

Materials And Method: Five hundred patients with malignancies receiving chemotherapy in the oncology ward and skin outpatient department were screened in this cross-sectional observational study from November 2018 to October 2019.

Results: Nail changes due to chemotherapy were observed in 37.6% patients. The most common condition observed was melanonychia (84.04%), followed by half and half nails (6.91%), erythronychia (5.31%), longitudinal grooves (2.12%), leukonychia (2.12%), Mees' lines (1.59%), Beau's lines (0.53%), pitting (0.53%), and subungual hyperkeratosis (0.53%). The usual protocol to cause melanonychia was platinum analogues + taxanes based combinations, half and half nails by platinum analogues + taxanes + 5 fluorouracil (5FU) based polypharmacy, and erythronychia by cisplatin-based adjuvants.

Conclusion: The knowledge of the nail changes caused by chemotherapy will help in counseling of already worried patients with malignancy. It will also improve patient compliance and enrich the clinicians' knowledge pertaining to chemotherapy-induced nail changes.
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September 2020