Publications by authors named "Malek Benakli"

6 Publications

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Successful Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in 4 Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Patients.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Department, Pierre and Marie Curie Center, Algiers, Algeria.

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a potential curative treatment in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS). Here, we analyzed the outcomes in 4 WAS patients who underwent this procedure with peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) in our center.

Patients And Methods: Four patients with severe WAS phenotype have received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between January 2014 and December 2019 from matched sibling donors with PBSC. Two different preparative conditioning regimens were provided: the first associated busulfan-cyclophosphamide (2 patients) and the second with busulfan-fludarabine administered to the others. Cyclosporine gave as preferred graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis with a short course of methotrexate.

Results: All patients achieved engraftment after PBSC with a median CD34+ cell count: 13.6×106/kg (8 to 24.9×106/kg). Chronic graft-versus-host disease developed in 2 patients treated by cyclosporine-steroids with complete resolution. Chimerism for all the patients was fully donor (>95% donor). After a median follow-up of 41 months (8 to 74 mo), all patients (100%) are alive, healthy, with complete clinical, immunologic, and hematologic recovery, without signs of WAS.

Conclusion: This limited study with high-dose PBSC transplantation approach for WAS, demonstrated a safe and effective treatment option, with rapid engraftment, without complications, excellent long-term outcomes, independent of conditioning regimen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000002154DOI Listing
April 2021

Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Mobilization and Collection in Pediatric Healthy Sibling Donors Weighing 20 Kilograms or Less; Algerian Experience.

Transfus Apher Sci 2020 Dec 2;59(6):102987. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Hematology and Bone marrow transplantation department, Pierre and Marie Curie Center, Algiers, Algeria.

Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are the source of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants currently used for malignant and non-malignant hematological diseases. PBSC harvest may be difficult in young children who are donors. Extracorporeal separator line priming by red blood cells or albumin alone is usually required to improve haemodynamic tolerance and efficacy of collection. We present our experience with 29 children weighing 20 kg or less mobilised between January 2005 and June 2018. The median age and weight at the time of apheresis were 5 years and 18 kg, respectively. A total of 54 PBSC were performed. The median cell yield per apheresis was 5.9 × 10 CD34cells/kg (2,5-13,9) recipient body weight (RBW). Despite their low weight, insertion of a femoral catheter was avoided in 58.6% of children. Nineteen donors required 2 or 3 apheresis sessions without any major complication. Twenty-nine pts with hemopathies have successfully benefited from PBSC except one case of rejection with aplastic anemia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transci.2020.102987DOI Listing
December 2020

The Global State of Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma: An Analysis of the Worldwide Network of Blood and Marrow Transplantation Database and the Global Burden of Disease Study.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 12 23;26(12):2372-2377. Epub 2020 Aug 23.

Div. of Hematology and Oncology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell neoplasm characterized by destructive bony lesions, anemia, and renal impairment. Access to effective therapy is limited globally. We report the rates and utilization of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) globally from 2006-2015 to better characterize access to HCT for patients with MM. This was an analysis of a retrospective survey of Worldwide Network of Blood and Marrow Transplant sites, conducted annually between 2006-2015. Incidence estimates were from the Global Burden of Disease study. Outcome measures included total number of autologous and allogeneic HCTs by world regions, and percentage of newly diagnosed MM patients who underwent HCT, calculated by the number of transplants per region in calendar year/gross annual incidence of MM per region. From 2006 to 2015, the number of autologous HCT performed worldwide for MM increased by 107%. Utilization of autologous HCT was highest in Northern America and European regions, increasing from 13% to 24% in Northern America, and an increase from 15% to 22% in Europe. In contrast, the utilization of autologous HCT was lower in the Africa/Mediterranean region, with utilization only changing from 1.8% in 2006 to 4% in 2015. The number of first allogeneic HCT performed globally for MM declined after a peak in 2012 by -3% since 2006. Autologous HCT utilization for MM has increased worldwide in high-income regions but remains poorly utilized in Africa and the East Mediterranean. More work is needed to improve access to HCT for MM patients, especially in low to middle income countries. © 2020 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.08.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7767639PMC
December 2020

Two decades of experience in a combined adult/pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center in Algiers, Algeria.

Ann Hematol 2020 Mar 23;99(3):619-625. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Department, Pierre and Marie Curie Center, Avenue Battandier, Algiers, Algeria.

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has evolved from an experimental to a successful treatment modality reaching worldwide 80.000 HSCT/year. Distribution and trends of HSCT, however, remain heterogeneous. Activities range from none to more than 511/10 million population between countries and regions. Here, we report on a successful autologous and allogeneic HSCT program for adult and pediatric patients started two decades ago in Northern Africa. From 1998 to December 2017, a total of 2828 HSCT was performed of which 2059 were allo-HSCT (1474 adults and 585 children). The activities were analyzed according to indication, donor type, stem cell source, and trends over time. There was a significant difference in indications according to age. Adult patients were transplanted more often for hematological malignancies. In children, the indications were distributed equally between malignant and non-malignant diseases. Overall activities increased substantially in AML and to a lower extent in ALL and CLL despite sharp reduction of activity in CML after 2005. Finally, a higher transplantation rate (33/10 million population) was reached as compared to most regions of the world except Europe and USA/Canada. Overall survival in children with AML was 56.0% at 15 years, in adults 61.3% at 5 years, and in patients with CML 55.5% at 15 years without difference between reduced intensity condition (RIC) and myeloablative conditioning (MAC). Patients with Ph+ ALL had the lowest survival reaching 26.7% at 5 years. Highest survival was observed in patients with aplastic anemia, Fanconi anemia, and thalassemia reaching 77.3%, 73.5%, and 75.7% at 15 years respectively. Long distances and late referral remain a challenge for this large country.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-020-03914-wDOI Listing
March 2020

[Perception of doctors in different specialties of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in Algeria in 2016: the SUPFER DZ survey].

Pan Afr Med J 2019 22;33:48. Epub 2019 May 22.

Axelys Santé DZ, Alger, Algérie.

Introduction: diagnostic methods and management of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in clinical practice in Algeria is poorly known.

Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional survey among doctors in different specialties treating patients with iron deficiency anemia in 2016.

Results: data analysis was based on 349 questionnaires which were validated (anesthesia/resuscitation: 39; obstetrics and gynaecology: 111; oncology/Hematology: 71; hepato-gastroenterology: 64; cardiology: 36; internal medicine: 28). All specialties combined, 73% (254/349) of physicians thought that at least 30% of their patients had iron deficiency anemia; 65% of physicians (226/349) thought that at least 30% of their patients had iron deficiency. Iron deficiency was investigated systematically by 57% (63/111) of physicians of the group obstetrics and gynaecology, but only by 11% (26/238) of the remaining doctors; indeed, 82% (195/238) of physicians investigated it only in patients with anemia. The assessment of iron deficiency showed that the hemoglobin (Hb) was almost always determined (89%; 310/349) while laboratory tests to explore iron metabolism were inadequate: 70% (244/349) of physicians performed serum ferritin test and only 37% (128/349) performed transferrin saturation. Patients with iron deficiency (with or without anemia) received oral iron therapy (prescribed by 92% (322/349) of physicians) and iron injections therapy depending on Hb level (prescribed by 36% (127/349) of physicians).

Conclusion: this survey shows that iron deficiency is evaluated only in patients with anemia. In particular, laboratory tests to measure iron deficiency are insufficiently prescribed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2019.33.48.15114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6689836PMC
September 2019

Special report: Summary of the first meeting of African Blood and Marrow Transplantation (AfBMT) group, Casablanca, Morocco, April 19-21, 2018 held under the auspices of the Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (WBMT).

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2020 Dec 4;13(4):202-207. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Hematology, pediatric oncology, Ibn Rochd University Hospital, University of Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco.

The first meeting of the African Blood and Marrow Transplantation (AfBMT) was held in Casablanca from April 19, 2018 to April 21, 2018, with the aim of fostering hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) activity in Africa. Out of the 54 African countries, HSCT is available only in six (Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, and Tunisia). During this meeting, African teams and international experts from the Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (WBMT) gathered to share their experience and discussed ways to help fill the gap. Nurses and patients held their meeting in parallel. International support and collaboration can help by providing expertise adapted to local resources and regional population needs. Local engagement including government and private participants are necessary to initiate and develop local HSCT capability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hemonc.2019.05.003DOI Listing
December 2020