Publications by authors named "Malcolm G Baines"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Chemoattraction of inflammatory cells by various intraocular lens materials.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2005 Dec;13(6):435-8

Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Purpose: To compare the chemotactic activity induced by polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), acrylic, and silicone intraocular lens (IOL) materials, regardless of the surgical and host factors.

Methods: The chemotactic effect of five different IOLs was studied using a modified multi-well Boyden chamber. Two different non-coated PMMA IOLs, a heparin-coated PMMA IOL, an acrylic IOL, and a silicone IOL were assessed. Each mean migration distance of the IOLs was compared with the others using Student's t test.

Results: All IOLs induced some amount of leukocyte chemotaxis. There was no statistically significant difference between the chemotactic activity of PMMA IOLs. However, chemotactic activity was significantly higher in acrylic (p<0.05) and silicone (p<0.05) IOLs compared to one of the PMMA lenses.

Conclusions: This limited study has proven that chemotaxis assay is a useful tool to assess the biocompatibility of IOLs. The IOL material itself might attract inflammatory cells to its surface in the absence of surgical and host factors. As PMMA IOLs do not cause an increase in inflammatory reaction, they may be considered safe to use. Further improvement in chemical composition and surface characteristics of IOLs should reduce the inflammatory reaction and increase the biocompatibility and safety of IOLs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273940591004124DOI Listing
December 2005

Face-offs in reproductive immunology: the Montreal forum meeting report.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2004 Oct;52(4):233-6

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6.

The combined 12th International Congress of Immunology (ICI) and the 4th Annual Conference of the Federation of Clinical Immunological Societies (FOCIS) was held in Montreal, Canada July 18-23, 2004 and attracted over 6000 immunologists and almost 4000 abstracts. The host society, the Canadian Society for Immunology (CSI) spent many years in preparation for this large meeting and encouraged its members to propose topics for symposia and mini-symposia and to sponsor satellite meetings. With sponsorship of CSI; the Canadian Institutes of Health Research; the University of Guelph, Guelph, ON; Queen's University, Kingston, ON; McGill University, Montreal, QU, Canada; and the American Society for Reproductive Immunology, a focused, highly successful, one day satellite meeting on human uterine immunology was held. The highlights of the presentations and discussions are reported.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0897.2004.00221.xDOI Listing
October 2004

Chemotactic and chemokinetic properties of topical ophthalmic preparations.

Curr Eye Res 2002 Dec;25(6):363-8

Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Purpose: Chronic ocular inflammation can be due to a disease process or to iatrogenic factors that attract inflammatory cells to the anterior chamber. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of commonly used ophthalmic preparations on leukocyte migration.

Methods: A modified multi-well Boyden chamber was used to study the chemotactic and chemokinetic effects of 33 commercial ophthalmic preparations. To determine whether the chemotactic effect was a property of the commercial ophthalmic preparation or other chemicals present in the products, experiments were also done with some common preservatives and excipients.

Results: Of the drugs, 14 (42.4%) showed chemokinetic and/or chemotactic activity and 19 (57.6%) had either no effect or decreased neutrophil migration. Of the preservatives and excipients, 5 (62.5%) were found to be chemotactic. Eleven of 14 chemotactic drugs (78.6%) and 8 of 19 non-chemotactic drugs (42.1%) were positive for at least one chemotactic excipient. The correlation between chemotactic ophthalmic preparations and the presence of a chemotactic excipient in their composition was significant (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Chemotactic activity was commonly found in commercial ophthalmic preparation. Furthermore, the presence of certain chemotactic preservatives and/or excipients was a contributing factor enhancing this property. Avoiding known chemotactic compounds or adjusting the intervals of the treatment may help to eliminate this iatrogenic component of the inflammatory process especially in patients with chronic ocular inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1076/ceyr.25.6.363.14232DOI Listing
December 2002