Publications by authors named "Majid Asghari"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of the efficacy of warm salt water foot-bath on patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A randomized clinical trial.

Complement Ther Med 2020 Mar 23;49:102325. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: Pain relief is one of the main goals of treatment in Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Abzan(foot- bath) is one of the effective ways to relief various types of pain in Persian Medicine (PM).

Design: This study is a randomized clinical trial (RCT) conducted on 60 patients of age range within 30 to 70 years, which were randomly divided into three groups. Group A (warm water bath):For one month each night before bedtime, they were asked to sit on a chair with trousers pulled up to about 5 cm above the ankles and both feet immersed in an electrical foot-bath that contained 5 liters of warm tolerable water (between 40 and 45 ° C) for 15 minutes without any massage. In Group B (salt water bath) was added and dissolved 250 grams of powdered mineral salt to their warm water. Other stages were similar to the group A. Group C (control) did not receive any interventions. Patients were evaluated prior to and following the intervention by the Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire (DN4), The McGill Pain questionnaire and The World Health Organization Bref Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire.

Results: Decrease in DN4 score level in the salt warm water group was significant while The McGill questionnaire showed a significant decrease of pain level the same group.

Conclusions: Application of a specific Abzan (salt water bath) may significantly decrease the pain of DPN patients.
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March 2020

Evaluating the effect of a herb on the control of blood glucose and insulin-resistance in patients with advanced type 2 diabetes (a double-blind clinical trial).

Caspian J Intern Med 2020 ;11(1):12-20

Gastroenterology & Hepatology Disease Research Center, Qom University of Medical Science, Qom, Iran.

Background: Different benefits of various herbal medicines in decreasing blood sugar have been reported in different clinical trials so far. Considering the growing tendency toward these combinations and the booming market, inappropriate advice is growing accordingly. Hence, it is necessary to evaluate the effects and possible complications of such combinations on health status and blood glucose control.

Methods: Two 38-subject groups were formed and a 12-week treatment program was administered for both groups. The inclusion criteria were failure to control blood glucose with two oral medicines, unwillingness to inject insulin. The medicine was prepared in capsules by Booali Company. Each capsule weighed 750 mg and contained nettle leaf 20% (w/w), berry leaf 10% (w/w), onion and garlic 20% (w/w), fenugreek seed 20% (w/w), walnut leaf 20% (w/w), and cinnamon bark 10% (w/w) all in powder.

Results: At the beginning of the study, there was no significant difference between the subjects regarding the evaluated parameters, but after the intervention, the level of glucose was significantly lower in fasting (P=0.0001) and 2-hour postprandial (P=0.002) levels. The level of glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (P=0.0001) also decreased from 0.33±9.72 % to 0.20±8.39 %. Finally, the level of insulin resistance reduced from 1.9±4.1 to 1.4±2.6 (P=0.001) after consuming herbal medicine.

Conclusion: According to the results of the current study, the herbal combination was effective in controlling blood sugar, and considering the reduction of HbA1c by 1.31 %, it seems that the herbal combination is an effective medicine to treat diabetes.
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January 2020

A Historical Review of Persian Medicine Studies into Saliva Manifestations for Potential Applications for Diagnosis and Management of Metabolic Syndrome.

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2020 ;20(2):182-188

Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background And Objectives: Regarding the development of diagnostic tests based on saliva and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), the aim of this study is to review Persian Medicine manuscripts in the field of saliva manifestations, its relation to metabolic syndrome, and treatment recommendations.

Methods: This study is a mini-review. We investigated the canon of medicine and some important Persian medical or pharmaceutical manuscripts from the 9th to the 19th centuries. PubMed and Google Scholar databases were explored for finding relevant information about the relationship between saliva and metabolic syndrome and its treatment.

Results: Studies have suggested that maldigestion is one of the important causes of MetS. Sialorrhea may be an early symptom of maldigestion. Attention to sialorrhea and its treatment may be useful in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome based on PM sources. In PM, sialorrhea is treated with 3 major approaches: lifestyle modification along with simple or compound medicines.

Conclusion: Saliva manifestations could be considered as early symptoms of metabolic syndrome. As mentioned in WHO strategies, traditional medicine can be used along with modern medicine due to its effectiveness in the management of various ailments.
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November 2020

Non-Drug Therapy and Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus by Dalk (Massage).

Iran J Med Sci 2016 May;41(3 Suppl):S45

Iranian Traditional Medicine Faculty, Medical University of Qum, Qum, Iran; Religion and Health Research Center, Religion and Health Faculty, Medical University of Qum, Qum, Iran.

Background: According to WHO estimation, the number of diabetic patients would reach about 591.9 million people in 2035. The tendency towards other kinds of treatment is increasing because of the high therapeutic expenditures and current medical complications. Positive results of massage in recent articles and the prominent role of dalk in Iranian traditional medicine led us to the present study review.

Methods: Studying Iranian traditional medicine textbooks, such as Canon of Ibn Sina, Kholasat Al Hekma of Aghili, Zakhireh-ye Khwarazm shahi of Jorjani, Alhavi of Razes and Kamel-al-sanaat of Ibn Abas were done on the topic of dalk discussion. Additionally, a search on "massage and diabetes mellitus" articles was done in motor search engines of PubMed, Google Scholars and the site of "Farhangestane Oloume Pezeshki". The data were eventually compared and evaluated.

Results: In Iranian traditional medicine, dalk means kneading or massage of the body. Depending on the quality and quantity of the performance, it was divided into different kinds. The mechanism of dalk is to increase the blood supply in organs and subsequently increasing organ's warmness and metabolism that lead to increased residues expulsion. Therefore, it could be advised to healthcare system as a means of treatment. On the other hand, for different diseases such as asthma, arthritis, insomnia, paralysis, DM, and constipation the effect of massage was evaluated and its positive results were confirmed. For example, in DM, its effects in decreasing FBS and HBAC are shown.

Conclusion: According to Iranian traditional medicine and latest articles, dalk as a non-drug therapy and prevention manner is recommended.
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May 2016

Hijama (Wet Cupping or Dry Cupping) for Diabetes Treatment.

Iran J Med Sci 2016 May;41(3 Suppl):S37

School of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran; Religion and Health Research Center, Religion and Health School, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.

Background: Diabetes is known as one of the most common diseases in the world and its treatment is one of the most important healthcare issues. Consequently, different treatment methods of complementary medicine and recent medicine have been used by scientific communities to control and predict the disease. This article considered the effects of dry cupping and wet cupping, based on traditional medicine and recent studies.

Methods: At first, the benefits of dry cupping and wet cupping were taken from some original books of Iranian traditional medicine, such as Canon of Medicine, Kholasat-al-hekma, Tib-e-Akbari and Exir-e-Azam. Then, the information about scientific articles was obtained by studying some of the Iranian traditional medicine journals and searching through PubMed, SID and Google Scholar.

Results: In traditional medicine, Hijama is divided into two kinds, namely wet cupping (with sharat, with incision, and blood giving) and dry cupping (without sharat, without incision). Dry cupping causes organ blood absorption, organ warming, and loss of organ humidity. The texts of Iranian traditional medicine refer to the Ziabites disease that its symptoms are like diabetes. This disease is divided into two types including warm and cold ziabetes. The treatments that are recommended for both types are dry cupping for cold ziabetes and wet cupping for warm ziabetes. In addition, according to scientific studies, dry cupping and wet cupping have been recommended for diabetes treatment.

Conclusion: Dry cupping and wet cupping can be introduced as the complementary treatment methods beside other treatment methods.
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May 2016

Abul- Hasan al-Tabari: a review of his views and works.

Arch Iran Med 2014 Apr;17(4):299-301

Mofid Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abul-Hasan al-Tabari was a 10th century Persian physician born in Tabaristan. He was a creative and innovative physician who avoided emulating treatments without investigating and examining them. Tabari was an encyclopedist and had a holistic view to medicine. Investigation of the views of this great Persian scholar indicated that his scientific and moral characteristics contain: paying adequate attention to philosophy and medical ethics, citing other scholars' works, attention to the necessity of clinical and hospital training, emphasizing indigenous therapy and scientific and responsible treatment with medical faults and discovery of Sarcoptes scabiei. Tabari has written valuable articles on different medical sciences; however, he is especially famous for authoring the al-Mu'alajat al-Buqratiya (Hippocratic Treatments) - an important medical encyclopedia. Several of Al-Tabari's succeeding scholars and physician have referred to the al-Mu'alajat al-Buqratiya in their medical articles. The aim of this study is further introduction of this great physician and assessment of his theories and key works.
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April 2014

Seroepidemiology of Human Hydatidosis Using AgB-ELISA Test in Arak, Central Iran.

Iran J Public Health 2013 1;42(4):391-6. Epub 2013 Apr 1.

Dept. of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Background: On the continuation of sorting the puzzle of the situation of hydatid disease in Iran and considering that so far no survey was conducted in this context in Arak City, Markazi Province central Iran, the present study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of human hydatidosis using AgB-ELISA test.

Methods: Totally 578 serum samples randomly were collected from patients referred to hospitals and different health centers in the city and 3 nearby villages of Arak. All sera were examined by ELISA tests using AgB. Before sampling, a questionnaire was filled out for each case. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression for risk factors analysis. P<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Cut-off value was calculated 0.32. Twenty cases (3.46%) were seropositive for hydatidosis in the region. This rate for females was 3.99% and for males 2.26%, respectively. There was no significant difference as regards all factors studied except location (P<0.001). As for job, farmers and ranchmen had the highest rate of infection as 6.67%. The seropositivity rate infection was 4.8% in illiterate people, which showed the highest rate. As regards residency, rural life showed significant difference with urban life (1.5% vs. 7 %). Age group of 40-49 yr old (6.25%) had the highest rate of positivity.

Conclusion: The rate of prevalence in this region shows more or less the same range with other cities of Iran. Obtained result might assist the policy makers to take sanitary measures to control the disease.
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June 2013