Publications by authors named "Majedeh Moradbeigi"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Relationship Between HIV Antibody Titer, HIV Viral Load, HIV p24 Antigen, and CD4 T-cell Count Among Iranian HIV-positive Patients.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2020 ;20(5):752-757

Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: This study aimed to simultaneously measure and assess the correlation between the available HIV infection parameters including HIV antibody, p24 Antigen, CD4 cell count, and viral load at the different stages of HIV disease among HIV-positive individuals in Iran.

Materials And Methods: Fifty HIV-positive individuals were classified into three stages (1, 2, and 3) according to the HIV disease stages classification, available in Control of Disease and Prevention (CDC) guideline. 10 ml of the venous blood sample was collected to run the tests for HIV antibody and p24 Ag levels, CD4 cell counts, and viral load. Pearson's correlation test was employed to calculate the coefficients for the in-between correlation of different HIV parameters in each stage.

Results: Of 50 participants, 17 (34%), 25 (50%), and 8 (16%) patients belonged to stages 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Sexual relationship was the main route of HIV transmission among the patients (36%); however, injecting drug use (20%) was also reported frequently. There was no significant correlation between the parameters of HIV disease in different stages in the present study.

Conclusion: The findings showed no correlation between HIV parameters in the present study. Considering the fact that the association of HIV antibodies with HIV disease progression in infected individuals is independent of HIV-1 RNA levels, combined measurement of HIV-1 RNA and CD4 cell counts should be routinely carried out in HIV infected patients follow up.
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May 2021

Demographic, Clinical and Laboratory Profiles of HIV Infected Patients Admitted into Imam Khomeini Hospital of Tehran, Iran.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2016 ;16(2):113-20

Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS (IRCHA), Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The aim of this study was to report the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory profiles of HIV-infected patients who admitted to HIV/AIDS laboratory of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: HIV positive patients referred to the HIV/AIDS reference laboratory between December 2012 to March 2013 were included in the study. Their demographic characteristics, behavioral and personal history were assessed. Ninety nine patients' files from the medical records at the Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center (VCT) were selected and evaluated. Data was analyzed using SPSS for Windows Version 16. We used Pearson's chi-squared, one-way ANOVA and post hoc tests to examine differences in proportions.

Results: Of 99 participants in the present study, 68.7% were males, the mean age of the patients was 36±1.2 years and about 60% were married and almost half of them were self-employed. The most common transmission route was injection drug use. There was a statistically significant difference in CD4 count among different age groups (P = 0.028). Also, there was significant association between CD4 count and narcotic types (F=3.71, P = 0.012). Patients who used opium, had significantly higher CD4 than who used two or more narcotics (P = 0.005).

Conclusion: Our findings are helpful in understanding the demographic, clinical and laboratory profile of people living with HIV/AIDS. Consideration of useful interventions for high- risk groups and paying more attention to socio demographic background are needed for health care providers.
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March 2017

Mechanisms of anti-retroviral drug resistance: implications for novel drug discovery and development.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2013 Oct;13(5):330-6

Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS (IRCHA), Imam Khomeini Hospital, Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran, Iran.

Anti-retroviral drug resistance evolves as an inevitable consequence of expanded combination Anti-retroviral Therapy (cART). According to each drug class, resistance mutations may occur due to the infidel nature of HIV reverse transcriptase (RT) and inadequate drug pressures. Correspondingly, resistance to Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs) occurs due to incorporation impairment of the agent or its removal from the elongating viral DNA chain. With regard to Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs), resistance mutations may alter residues of the RT hydrophobic pocket and demonstrate high level of cross resistance. However, resistance to Protease Inhibitors requires complex accumulation of primary and secondary mutations that substitute amino acids in proximity to the viral protease active site. Resistance to novel entry inhibitors may also evolve as a result of mutations that affect the interactions between viral glycoprotein and CD4 or the chemokine receptors. According to the current studies, future drug initiative programs should consider agents that possess higher genetic barrier toward resistance for ascertaining adequate drug efficacy among patients who have failed first-line regimens.
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October 2013