Publications by authors named "Mai Duy Luu Trinh"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The evolutionary conserved iron-sulfur protein TCR controls P700 oxidation in photosystem I.

iScience 2021 Feb 13;24(2):102059. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of Life Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan.

In natural habitats, plants have developed sophisticated regulatory mechanisms to optimize the photosynthetic electron transfer rate at the maximum efficiency and cope with the changing environments. Maintaining proper P700 oxidation at photosystem I (PSI) is the common denominator for most regulatory processes of photosynthetic electron transfers. However, the molecular complexes and cofactors involved in these processes and their function(s) have not been fully clarified. Here, we identified a redox-active chloroplast protein, the triplet-cysteine repeat protein (TCR). TCR shared similar expression profiles with known photosynthetic regulators and contained two triplet-cysteine motifs (CxxxCxxxC). Biochemical analysis indicated that TCR localizes in chloroplasts and has a [3Fe-4S] cluster. Loss of TCR limited the electron sink downstream of PSI during dark-to-light transition. double mutant reduced growth significantly and showed unusual oxidation and reduction of plastoquinone pool. These results indicated that TCR is involved in electron flow(s) downstream of PSI, contributing to P700 oxidation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2021.102059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7848650PMC
February 2021

DAY-LENGTH-DEPENDENT DELAYED-GREENING1, the Arabidopsis Homolog of the Cyanobacterial H+-Extrusion Protein, Is Essential for Chloroplast pH Regulation and Optimization of Non-Photochemical Quenching.

Plant Cell Physiol 2019 Dec;60(12):2660-2671

School of Life Science & Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, 226-8501 Japan.

Plants convert solar energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis, which supports almost all life activities on earth. Because the intensity and quality of sunlight can change dramatically throughout the day, various regulatory mechanisms help plants adjust their photosynthetic output accordingly, including the regulation of light energy accumulation to prevent the generation of damaging reactive oxygen species. Non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) is a regulatory mechanism that dissipates excess light energy, but how it is regulated is not fully elucidated. In this study, we report a new NPQ-regulatory protein named Day-Length-dependent Delayed-Greening1 (DLDG1). The Arabidopsis DLDG1 associates with the chloroplast envelope membrane, and the dldg1 mutant had a large NPQ value compared with wild type. The mutant also had a pale-green phenotype in developing leaves but only under continuous light; this phenotype was not observed when dldg1 was cultured in the dark for ≥8 h/d. DLDG1 is a homolog of the plasma membrane-localizing cyanobacterial proton-extrusion-protein A that is required for light-induced H+ extrusion and also shows similarity in its amino-acid sequence to that of Ycf10 encoded in the plastid genome. Arabidopsis DLDG1 enhances the growth-retardation phenotype of the Escherichia coli K+/H+ antiporter mutant, and the everted membrane vesicles of the E. coli expressing DLDG1 show the K+/H+ antiport activity. Our findings suggest that DLDG1 functionally interacts with Ycf10 to control H+ homeostasis in chloroplasts, which is important for the light-acclimation response, by optimizing the extent of NPQ.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcz203DOI Listing
December 2019

Genetic characterization of a flap1 null mutation in Arabidopsis npq4 and pgr5 plants suggests that the regulatory role of FLAP1 involves the control of proton homeostasis in chloroplasts.

Photosynth Res 2019 Mar 2;139(1-3):413-424. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Center for Biological Resources & Informatics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, 226-8501, Japan.

Precise control of the proton concentration gradient across thylakoid membranes (ΔpH) is essential for photosynthesis and its regulation because the gradient contributes to the generation of the proton motive force used for ATP synthesis and also for the fast and reversible induction of non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) to avoid photoinhibition and photodamage. However, the regulatory mechanism(s) controlling ΔpH in response to fluctuating light has not been fully elucidated. We previously described a new NPQ-regulatory chloroplastic protein, Fluctuating-Light-Acclimation Protein1 (FLAP1), which is important for plant growth and modulation of ΔpH under fluctuating light conditions. For this report, we further characterized FLAP1 activity by individually crossing an Arabidopsis flap1 mutant with npq4 and pgr5 plants; npq4 is defective in PsbS-dependent NPQ, and pgr5 is defective in induction of steady-state proton motive force (pmf) and energy-dependent quenching (qE). Both npq4 and npq4 flap1 exhibited similar NPQ kinetics and other photosynthetic parameters under constant or fluctuating actinic light. Conversely, pgr5 flap1 had recovered NPQ, photosystem II quantum yield and growth under fluctuating light, each of which was impaired in pgr5. Together with other data, we propose that FLAP1 activity controls proton homeostasis under steady-state photosynthesis to manipulate luminal acidification levels appropriately to balance photoprotection and photochemical processes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11120-018-0575-zDOI Listing
March 2019

Significance of PGR5-dependent cyclic electron flow for optimizing the rate of ATP synthesis and consumption in Arabidopsis chloroplasts.

Photosynth Res 2019 Mar 18;139(1-3):359-365. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Center for Biological Resources & Informatics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, 226-8501, Japan.

The proton motive force (PMF) across the chloroplast thylakoid membrane that is generated by electron transport during photosynthesis is the driving force for ATP synthesis in plants. The PMF mainly arises from the oxidation of water in photosystem II and from electron transfer within the cytochrome bf complex. There are two electron transfer pathways related to PMF formation: linear electron flow and cyclic electron flow. Proton gradient regulation 5 (PGR5) is a major component of the cyclic electron flow pathway, and the Arabidopsis pgr5 mutant shows a substantial reduction in the PMF. How the PGR5-dependent cyclic electron flow contributes to ATP synthesis has not, however, been fully delineated. In this study, we monitored in vivo ATP levels in Arabidopsis chloroplasts in real time using a genetically encoded bioluminescence-based ATP indicator, Nano-lantern(ATP1). The increase in ATP in the chloroplast stroma of pgr5 leaves upon illumination with actinic light was significantly slower than in wild type, and the decrease in ATP levels when this illumination stopped was significantly faster in pgr5 leaves than in wild type. These results indicated that PGR5-dependent cyclic electron flow around photosystem I helps to sustain the rate of ATP synthesis, which is important for growth under fluctuating light conditions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11120-018-0533-9DOI Listing
March 2019

Prevention of H2O2-induced oxidative stress in Chang liver cells by 4-hydroxybenzyl-chitooligomers.

Carbohydr Polym 2014 Mar 27;103:502-9. Epub 2013 Dec 27.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, University of Science, VietNam National University Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM), Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

In this study, a bioactive derivative of chitooligomers (1.0-3.0 kDa), 4-hydroxybenzyl-COS (HB-COS), was synthesized to enhance antioxidant activity. Hence, HB-COS was evaluated for its capabilities against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in human Chang liver cells. It was found that HB-COS possessed the free radical scavenging activity via decreasing the intracellular reactive oxygen species production. Furthermore, HB-COS significantly reduced the oxidation of DNA in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, HB-COS treatment upregulated the gene and protein expressions of antioxidative enzymes and thereby enhancing the intracellular antioxidant mechanisms. In addition, HB-COS treatment caused a remarkable blockade on degradation of inhibitory kappa B alpha (IκB-α) protein and translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). The current study demonstrated that HB-COS effectively attenuated hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in Chang liver cells by increasing levels of antioxidant enzymes and inhibiting reactive oxygen species generation, DNA oxidation and the NF-κB signaling pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.12.061DOI Listing
March 2014

Protection of 4-hydroxybenzyl-chitooligomers against inflammatory responses in Chang liver cells.

Int J Biol Macromol 2014 May 9;66:1-6. Epub 2014 Feb 9.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, University of Science, VietNam National University Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM), Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to investigate anti-inflammatory activity of 4-hydroxybenzyl-chitooligomers (HB-COS) in Chang liver cells stimulated by a cytokine mixture. It was revealed that HB-COS decreased the level of nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production by diminishing the expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) without significant cytotoxicity. Moreover, HB-COS exerted inhibitory effects on the production of pro-inflammatory mediator (interleukin-6) in Chang liver cells. Notably, HB-COS exhibited anti-inflammatory activities via blocking degradation of inhibitory kappa B alpha (IκB-α), translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in a dose-dependent manner. Collectively, these findings indicated that HB-COS possessed potential anti-inflammatory effects in Chang liver cells, and could be a useful therapeutic agent for the treatment of hepatic inflammatory diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.01.064DOI Listing
May 2014
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