Publications by authors named "Mahya Marashiyan"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

In silico and in vivo anti-malarial investigation on 1-(heteroaryl)-2-((5-nitroheteroaryl)methylene) hydrazine derivatives.

Malar J 2020 Jun 29;19(1):231. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Clinical Research, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum against common anti-malarial drugs emphasizes the need of alternative and more effective drugs. Synthetic derivatives of 1-(heteroaryl)-2-((5-nitroheteroaryl)methylene) hydrazine have showed in vitro anti-plasmodial activities. The present study aimed to evaluate the molecular binding and anti-plasmodial activity of synthetic compounds in vivo.

Methods: The molecular docking was used to study the binding of compounds to haem and Plasmodium falciparum lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH). Acute toxicity of the synthetic compounds was evaluated based on the modified up & down method. The anti-plasmodial activity of the compounds was conducted by the two standard tests of Peters' and of Rane, using chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium berghei in mice. Also, the toxicity to the internal organs of mice was evaluated on the seventh day after the treatment in addition to the histopathology of their liver. Compound 3 that showed high activity in the lowest dose was selected for further pharmacodynamic studies.

Results: According to the docking studies, the active site of PfLDH had at least four common residues, including Ala98, Ile54, Gly29, and Tyr97 to bind the compounds with the affinity, ranging from - 8.0 to - 8.4 kcal/mol. The binding mode of ligands to haem revealed an effective binding affinity, ranging from - 5.1 to - 5.5 kcal/mol. Compound 2 showed the highest  % suppression of parasitaemia (99.09%) at the dose of 125 mg/kg/day in Peters' test. Compound 3, with 79.42% suppression, was the best in Rane's test at the lowest dose (31 mg/kg/day). Compound 3 was confirmed by the pharmacodynamic study to have faster initial parasite elimination in the lowest concentration. The histopathology of the livers of mice did not reveal any focal necrosis of hepatocytes in the studied compounds.

Conclusions: The docking studies verified Pf LDH inhibition and the inhibitory effect on the haemozoin formation for the studied compounds. Accordingly, some compounds may provide new avenues for the development of anti-malarial drugs without liver toxicity, although further studies are required to optimize their anti-plasmodial activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-020-03269-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322848PMC
June 2020

Effects of tosyl-l-arginine methyl ester (TAME) on the APC/c subunits: An in silico investigation for inhibiting cell cycle.

J Mol Graph Model 2020 06 5;97:107563. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Molecular Medicine Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

The anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/c) is requisite for controlling mitosis, which is activated by Cdh1 and Cdc20 activators. Dysregulation of APC/c is observed in many cancers and is known as a targeted drug particularly in cancer drug resistance. It was shown that tosyl-l-arginine methyl ester (TAME), via mimicking isoleucine-arginine (IR) tail of co-activators, inhibits APC/c functions. However, structure details and interaction of TAME with APC/c are poorly defined. In the current study, a well-established set of computational methods was used to identify the best binding pocket in order to inhibit APC activity. Therefore, the interaction of IR tail and Cbox of co-activators, as well as TAME as an inhibitor, as an inhibitor, with APC3 and APC8 subunits of APC/c were analyzed, regarding structure, molecular docking, molecular dynamics, and free binding energy. The results indicated that TAME bound to APC3 with a higher binding affinity (∼-7.3 kcal/mol) than APC8 (∼-5.7 kcal/mol). Also, the binding free energy value obtained for the APC3-TAME was -22.25 ± 1.12 kcal/mol. According to binding free energies, van der Waals energy was the major favorable contributor to the ligand binding. These results offer that TAME had more affinity to interact with the APC3 subunit, at the IR binding pocket than the APC8 subunit at the Cbox binding pocket. In conclusion, IR binding pocket can serve as an appropriate potential target for TAME as an inhibitor of APC/c.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmgm.2020.107563DOI Listing
June 2020

In silico mutagenesis in recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor: Improvement of stability and activity in addition to decrement immunogenicity.

J Mol Graph Model 2020 06 28;97:107551. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Molecular Medicine Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

The recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (rhKGF) is clinically applied to decrease the incidence and duration of cancer therapeutic agents. Particularly, it is extensively used for oral mucositis after chemotherapy-induced damage of different human cancers. However, the usage of rhKGF in treatment is limited owing to its short half-life, poor stability, immunogenicity, tendency to aggregate, and side effects. Therefore, there is a need to enhance the stability and to reduce immunogenicity of rhKGF for therapeutic applications. In this study, the stability, activity, and immunogenicity of rhKGF were improved using computational methods. The several mutations were generated based on sequence alignment, amino acids physic-chemical properties, and the structure simulation. The 3D structure of rhKGF and proposed mutants were predicted by Modeller v9.15 program, and then were evaluated using PROSESS, PROCHECK, and ProSA web tools. Afterwards, the effect of these mutants on rhKGF structure, stability, activity, and its interaction with fibroblast growth factor receptor2-IIb (FGFR2-IIb) was analyzed through utilizing GROMACS molecular dynamics simulations and docking tools, respectively. Also, binding free energies were calculated by the Molecular Mechanics/Poisson-Boltzmann Surface Area (MM/PBSA) method. We found that F63Y, R121K, and combine1 (K38R, F63Y, K72E, N105S) mutants lead to reduction of the number of T-cell epitopes. However, all of the selected mutants, except for R121K, could considerably increase stability and affinity of the rhKGF to FGFR2-IIb, in silico. In conclusion, this study, for the first time, offered that the combine1 and F63Y mutants could highly improve the stability and activity of rhKGF and even reduce immunogenicity without having any significant effect on the biological functions of rhKGF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmgm.2020.107551DOI Listing
June 2020

In silico analysis of different signal peptides for the secretory production of recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor in Escherichia coli.

Comput Biol Chem 2019 Jun 29;80:225-233. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Molecular Medicine, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: The recombinant human truncated Keratinocyte growth factor (Palifermin) is the only FDA approved medicine for the treatment of oral mucositis. The Keratinocyte growth factor is a fairly unstable protein due to its high aggregation propensity and therefore its expression as a secretory protein may results in the production of a protein with more stability, higher solubility, better folding, enhanced biological activity, N-terminal authenticity and simplified downstream processing.

Objective: The aim of this study was in silico evaluation of 31 different secretory signal peptides to determine the best theoretical candidates for the secretory production of recombinant truncated human KGF in E. coli.

Methods: Thirty different prokaryotic signal peptides experimentally shown to be capable of recombinant protein secretion in E.coli, along with the native KGF signal peptide were selected for further investigations. The signal peptide sequences were retrieved from the UniProt database. The ability of SPs to act as a secretory leader peptide for rhKGF and the location of cleavage sites were predicted by SignalP 4.1. Physicochemical properties of the signal peptides, which may influence protein secretion, were analyzed by ProtParam and PROSOII. Furthermore, the mRNA secondary structure and Gibbs free energy profile of the selected SPs were analyzed in the fusion state with the rhKGF using Visual Gene Developer package.

Results And Conclusion: Computational analysis of the physicochemical properties affecting protein secretion identified Sec-B dependent OmpC, Bla, and StaI and SRP dependent TolB signal peptides as the best theoretical candidates for the secretory production of recombinant truncated human KGF in E.coli.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2019.03.003DOI Listing
June 2019

Identification of new DNA gyrase inhibitors based on bioactive compounds from streptomyces: structure-based virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulations approaches.

J Biomol Struct Dyn 2020 02 27;38(3):791-806. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Molecular Medicine Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

DNA gyrase enzyme has vital role in bacterial survival and can be considered as a potential drug target. Owing to the appearance of resistance to gyrase-targeted drugs, especially fluoroquinolone, screening new compounds which bind more efficiently to the mutant binding pocket is essential. Hence, in this work, using Smina Autodock and through structure-based virtual screening of StreptomeDB, several natural products were discovered based on the SimocyclinoneD8 (SD8) binding pocket of GyrA subunit of DNA gyrase. After evaluation of binding affinity, binding modes, critical interactions and physicochemical and pharmaceutical properties, three lead compounds were selected for further analysis. Afterward 60 ns molecular dynamics simulations were performed and binding free energies were calculated by the molecular mechanics/Poisson-Boltzmann surface area method. Also, interaction of the selected lead compounds with the mutated GyrA protein was evaluated. Results indicated that all of the selected compounds could bind to the both wild-type and mutated GyrA with the binding affinities remarkably higher than SimocyclinoneD8. Interestingly, we noticed that the selected compounds comprised angucycline moiety in their structure which could sufficiently interact with GyrA and block the DNA binding pocket of DNA gyrase, . In conclusion, three DNA gyrase inhibitors were identified successfully which were highly capable of impeding DNA gyrase and can be considered as potential drug candidates for treatment of fluoroquinolone-resistant strains.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07391102.2019.1588784DOI Listing
February 2020