Publications by authors named "Maho Takayama"

2 Publications

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Colonic Neurogenic Lesion: An Admixture of Mucosal Neurofibromatous Lesion and Submucosal Ganglioneuromatous Lesion With Transition.

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Aug 6;28(5):563-568. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

NTT Medical Center Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Benign neural tumors or tumor-like lesions are rarely detected in the gastrointestinal tract. In this article, we present the case of a neural lesion of the sigmoid colon, which was incidentally detected in a 68-year-old man treated with laparoscopic low anterior resection for an advanced carcinoma of the rectosigmoid junction. Within the resected specimen, a submucosal tumor-like protruding lesion was found in the sigmoid colon. Histologically, the growth was composed of mucosal neurofibromatous and submucosal ganglioneuromatous lesions, between which there was transition. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a rupture of the perineurium in the area of transition, along with a proliferation of Schwann cells and supporting cells extending into the deep mucosa. This transition indicated that the mucosal and submucosal lesions comprised a single lesion, and that a diagnosis of neurofibroma or ganglioneuroma would be inadequate in this case. Because we could not classify it as an established single entity, we diagnosed the mass as an unclassifiable colonic neurogenic lesion. In summary, we report the case of an extremely rare occurrence of an unclassifiable colonic neurogenic lesion comprising an admixture of transitioning mucosal neurofibromatous and submucosal ganglioneuromatous lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896920904158DOI Listing
August 2020

Efficient hepatic differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells in a three-dimensional microscale culture.

Methods Mol Biol 2014 ;1210:131-41

Department of Regenerative Medicine, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9, Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 236-0004, Japan.

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) represent a novel source of hepatocytes for drug development, disease modeling studies, and regenerative therapy for the treatment of liver diseases. A number of protocols for generating functional hepatocytes have been reported worldwide; however, reproducible and efficient differentiation remained challenging under conventional two-dimensional (2D) culture. In this study, we describe an efficient differentiation protocol for generating functional hepatocyte-like cells from human iPSC-derived homogenous hepatic endoderm cells combined with three-dimensional (3D) microscale culture system. First, hepatic endoderm cells (iPSC-HEs) were directly differentiated using two-step approaches, and then cultured in the 3D micropattern plate. Human iPSC-HEs quickly reaggregated and formed hundreds of round-shaped spheroids at day 4 of cell plating. The size distribution of iPSC-HEs derived spheroids was relatively uniform around 100-200 μm in diameter. After 14 days, iPSC-HEs efficiently differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells in terms of hepatic maker gene expression compared with conventional 2D approach. We conclude that our scalable and three-dimensional culture system would be one promising approach to generate a huge number of hepatocyte-like cells from human iPSCs aiming at future industrial and clinical applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1435-7_10DOI Listing
May 2015