Publications by authors named "Mahmoud S Abdallah"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The AMPK modulator metformin as adjunct to methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A proof-of-concept, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Jun 24;95:107575. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Menoufia University, Egypt.

Background: Metformin (MET) may exert anti-rheumatic effects and reduce cartilage degradation through its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory actions.

Methods: This was a double-blind placebo-controlled study, 120 adult patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were randomized to receive MET (1000 mg) or placebo daily with methotrexate (MTX, 7.5 mg/week) for 12 weeks. American College of Rheumatology (ACR)20, ACR50, and ACR70 response rates, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS-28), and drug safety were the efficacy endpoints. Serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, NF-κB, TGG-β1, MDA together with gene expression of AMPK and IGF-IR were assessed before and after the therapy.

Results: A total of 80.8% of the patients in the MET group, compared with 54.7% in placebo group, met the criteria of ACR20 response after 12 weeks (P = 0.001). Statistically significant enhancements in the DAS28-3 (CRP) were observed after 4 and 8 weeks for the MET group compared with placebo and were sustained after 12 weeks. MET group showed statistically significant increase in percentage of patients achieving DAS remission after 12 weeks (P = 0.015). Significant improvements in ACR50, ACR70, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), and DAS28-3 (CRP) were also reported. MET was well-tolerated, and no serious adverse effects were reported in both groups. Furthermore, the MET group was superior in improving the measured parameters compared to the placebo.

Conclusions: MET improved the anti-rheumatic effect of MTX; suggesting it to be a beneficial adjuvant in patients with RA. Trial registration ID: NCT04068246.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107575DOI Listing
June 2021

Interleukin-17A biomarker as a predictor for detection of early axial spondyloarthritis changes in patients with psoriasis.

Int J Rheum Dis 2020 Dec 5;23(12):1664-1669. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

Aim: Although the pathogenic mechanisms of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are not completely clarified, evidence suggests that interleukin 17A (IL-17A)-mediated immune responses play a pivotal role in the disease. This is best underscored by the important clinical effectiveness of IL-17A inhibitors in psoriasis treatment. We aim to investigate the predictive value of IL-17A in detecting the early axial spondyloarthropic (SpA) changes in psoriatic patients.

Methods: The study enrolled 100 patients with psoriasis, classified into group 1, included 62 patients with only psoriatic skin lesions (Ps), and group 2 included 38 patients with PsA, and 100 age and gender matched healthy volunteers. All participants were subjected to general and local clinical examination, laboratory assessment including IL-17A in the serum by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and axial joint radiological assessment.

Results: Our study included 60 males (60%) and 40 females (40%).The positive radiological findings of early axial SpA changes were found among 30.6% of the Ps group and among 84.2% of the PsA group. There were significant differences between patients with positive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of early axial SpA and patients with negative MRI findings in both groups regarding IL-17A levels. There was a significant association between IL-17A level and early axial SpA changes in psoriatic patients with a clear cutoff point (222.5).

Conclusion: Our study can imply that IL-17A is a valuable, useful and low-cost biomarker in detecting early axial SpA changes in asymptomatic and nonradiographic axial SpA (nr-axial SpA) psoriatic patients that helps early management and prevent progressive axial involvement and disabilities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.13997DOI Listing
December 2020

The Antidiabetic Metformin as an Adjunct to Antidepressants in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: A Proof-of-Concept, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Neurotherapeutics 2020 10;17(4):1897-1906

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta University for Science and Technology, Gamasaa, Egypt.

Metformin (MET) has been reported to have antidepressant effects in animal models and in diabetic patients with depression, owing to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and neuroprotective activity. Accordingly, we proposed that MET would show antidepressant effects in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) without other comorbidities. In this double-blind placebo-controlled study, 80 adult outpatients with MDD (DSM-IV criteria) and a Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) score >18 were randomized to receive fluoxetine 20 mg once daily plus placebo (n = 40) or fluoxetine 20 mg once daily plus MET 1000 mg once daily for 12 weeks. Patients were assessed by HAM-D score (weeks 0, 4, 8, and 12). The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IGF-1, MDA, CRP, BDNF, and serotonin were measured before and after therapy. Mixed-effects model repeated-measures analysis of covariance was used to compare the HAM-D scores and the biological markers between the two groups. After 4, 8 and 12 weeks, patients in the MET group showed a statistically significant decline in HAM-D score relative to the placebo group (least squares mean difference [LSMD] -2.347, p = 0.000, LSMD -3.369, p = 0.000, and LSMD -3.454, p = 0.000, respectively). Response and remission rates were significantly higher in the MET group (89% and 81%, respectively) than in the placebo group (59% and 46%, respectively). Moreover, the MET group was superior in conserving the measured biological markers compared with the placebo group. Our findings suggest MET as a promising, effective, and safe short-term adjunctive approach in nondiabetic MDD patients. Trial registration ID: NCT04088448.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13311-020-00878-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7851215PMC
October 2020
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