Publications by authors named "Magomed Arshiev"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Long-Term Outcomes of Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate: A 5-Year Single-Center Experience.

J Endourol 2020 Oct 4;34(10):1055-1063. Epub 2020 Aug 4.

Institute for Urology and Reproductive Health, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia.

To analyze the long-term efficacy and safety of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia. A total of 127 patients who underwent HoLEP at our institution between 2013 and 2015 were included. Patients were observed for 5 years postoperatively. We evaluated the length of the surgery, the mass of the removed tissue, prostate-specific antigen level, the maximal flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual (PVR), the length of catheterization and hospitalization, and the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and IPSS quality of life (QoL) at each clinic visit. PVR, Qmax, IPSS, and QoL all improved significantly immediately after the operation ( < 0.001). By the end of the 5th postoperative year, all the parameters showed a statistically meaningful decline: Qmax reduced by 5.8 mL/s (22.6%) and IPSS by 1.4 points (29.1%). Around 8.6% of the patients continued therapy with α-blockers. There were no differences in efficacy by the age of the patients or the volume of the prostate. Long-term complications and need for repeat operations were not affected by the volume of the prostate or patient age. The improvement of PVR, Qmax, IPSS, and QoL score seen in the early postoperative period after performing HoLEP remains evident at 5 years postoperatively. Long-term complications and the need for reoperation do not depend on the age of the patient or on the initial volume of the prostate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/end.2020.0347DOI Listing
October 2020

Dual-Energy Computed Tomography for Stone Type Assessment: A Pilot Study of Dual-Energy Computed Tomography with Five Indices.

J Endourol 2020 09 28;34(9):893-899. Epub 2020 May 28.

Institute for Urology and Reproductive Health, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia.

To assess the efficacy of dual-energy CT (DECT) in predicting the composition of urinary stones with a single index (dual energy ratio [DER]) and five indices. Patients undergoing DECT before active urolithiasis treatment were prospectively enrolled in the study. Predictions of stone composition were made based on discriminant analysis with a single index (DER) and five indices (stone density at 80 and 135 kV, Zeff [the effective atomic number of the absorbent material] of the stone, DER, dual-energy index [DEI] and dual-energy difference [DED]). After extraction, stone composition was evaluated by means of physicochemical analyses (X-ray phase analysis, electron microscopy, wet chemistry techniques, and infrared spectroscopy). A total of 91 patients were included. For calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) stones, the sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy of DECT with one index (DER) were 83.3%, 89.8%, and 86.8%, respectively; for calcium oxalate dihydrate (COD) and calcium phosphate stones-88.2%, 92.9%, and 91.2%, respectively; for uric acid stones-0%, 98.8% and 97.8%, respectively; for struvite stones-60%, 95.3%, and 93.4%, respectively. Discriminant analysis with five indices yielded the following sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy: 95.2%, 89.8%, and 92.3% for COM stones, 85.3%, 96.4%, and 92.3% for COD stones, and 100% in all three categories for both uric acid and struvite stones. DECT is a promising tool for stone composition assessment. It allowed for evaluation of chemical composition of all stone types with specificity and accuracy ranging from 85% to 100%. Five DECT indices have shown much better diagnostic accuracy compared to a single DECT index.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/end.2020.0243DOI Listing
September 2020
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