Publications by authors named "Maggie E Bosley"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Outcomes Following Cholecystectomy on a Service Designed to Maximize Chief Resident Entrustment.

J Surg Res 2021 Apr 12;264:474-480. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC. Electronic address:

Background: The chief resident service provides surgical trainees in their final year of training the opportunity to maximize responsibility, continuity, and decision-making. Although supervised, chief residents operate according to personal preferences instead of adapting to their attendings' preferences. We hypothesized that outcomes following cholecystectomy are equivalent between the chief resident service and standard academic services.

Methods: We matched adults undergoing cholecystectomy from 07/2016-06/2019 on the chief resident service to two standard academic service patients based on operative indication and age. We compared demographics, operative details, and 30-d complications.

Results: This study included 186 patients undergoing cholecystectomy. Body mass index (32.4 versus 32.0, P = 0.49) and Charlson comorbidity index (0.9 versus 1.4, P = 0.16) were similar between chief resident and standard academic services, respectively. Operative approach was similar (95.2% laparoscopic on chief resident service versus 94.4% on standard service), but residents on the chief resident service performed cholangiograms more often (48.4% versus 22.6%, P < 0.01) and averaged longer operative times during laparoscopic cholecystectomy with cholangiogram (146±28 versus 85±22 min, P < 0.01) and without (94±31 versus 76±35 min, P < 0.01) compared with standard academic services, respectively. 30-d complication rates were similar (5.2% chief resident versus 5.0% standard, P = 0.95). No patients suffered bile leak, bile duct injury, or reoperation. Emergency Department visits were similar (12.1% chief resident versus 7.4% standard, P = 0.32); readmissions were less frequent on the chief resident service (0.0% versus 5.0% standard, P = 0.03).

Conclusions: With appropriate supervision, chief residents provide safe care for patients undergoing cholecystectomy while directing medical decisions and practicing according to their preferences.
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April 2021

Balloon sphincteroplasty in pediatric laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.

J Pediatr Surg 2020 Dec 13. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Wake Forest School of Medicine, Pediatric Surgery, Winston-Salem, NC, United States. Electronic address:

The management of choledocholithiasis in children and teenagers is often a two-procedure process with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and either pre- or post-operative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The addition of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) during LC can provide definitive treatment for choledocholithiasis during a single anesthetic event. In an effort to minimize sedation and radiation exposure from fluoroscopy, we have employed dilating balloons via a transcystic approach to stretch the sphincter of Oddi with subsequent ductal flushing. We describe the technique of balloon sphincteroplasty as a straightforward adjunct within the pediatric surgeon's skill set to manage choledocholithiasis during LC and our clinical experience.
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December 2020

Targeted next generation sequencing approach identifies eighteen new candidate genes in normosmic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and Kallmann syndrome.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2016 12 5;437:86-96. Epub 2016 Aug 5.

Section of Reproductive Endocrinology, Infertility, & Genetics, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, United States; Department of Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, United States; Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, United States. Electronic address:

The genetic basis is unknown for ∼60% of normosmic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nHH)/Kallmann syndrome (KS). DNAs from (17 male and 31 female) nHH/KS patients were analyzed by targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) of 261 genes involved in hypothalamic, pituitary, and/or olfactory pathways, or suggested by chromosome rearrangements. Selected variants were subjected to Sanger DNA sequencing, the gold standard. The frequency of Sanger-confirmed variants was determined using the ExAC database. Variants were classified as likely pathogenic (frameshift, nonsense, and splice site) or predicted pathogenic (nonsynonymous missense). Two novel FGFR1 mutations were identified, as were 18 new candidate genes including: AMN1, CCKBR, CRY1, CXCR4, FGF13, GAP43, GLI3, JAG1, NOS1, MASTL, NOTCH1, NRP2, PALM2, PDE3A, PLEKHA5, RD3, and TRAPPC9, and TSPAN11. Digenic and trigenic variants were found in 8/48 (16.7%) and 1/48 (2.1%) patients, respectively. NGS with confirmation by Sanger sequencing resulted in the identification of new causative FGFR1 gene mutations and suggested 18 new candidate genes in nHH/KS.
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December 2016