Publications by authors named "Magdalena Sudoł-Procyk"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ancestors of domestic cats in Neolithic Central Europe: Isotopic evidence of a synanthropic diet.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 07 13;117(30):17710-17719. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment, University of Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

Cat remains from Poland dated to 4,200 to 2,300 y BCE are currently the earliest evidence for the migration of the Near Eastern cat (NE cat), the ancestor of domestic cats, into Central Europe. This early immigration preceded the known establishment of housecat populations in the region by around 3,000 y. One hypothesis assumed that NE cats followed the migration of early farmers as synanthropes. In this study, we analyze the stable isotopes in six samples of Late Neolithic NE cat bones and further 34 of the associated fauna, including the European wildcat. We approximate the diet and trophic ecology of Late Neolithic felids in a broad context of contemporary wild and domestic animals and humans. In addition, we compared the ecology of Late Neolithic NE cats with the earliest domestic cats known from the territory of Poland, dating to the Roman Period. Our results reveal that human agricultural activity during the Late Neolithic had already impacted the isotopic signature of rodents in the ecosystem. These synanthropic pests constituted a significant proportion of the NE cat's diet. Our interpretation is that Late Neolithic NE cats were opportunistic synanthropes, most probably free-living individuals (i.e., not directly relying on a human food supply). We explore niche partitioning between studied NE cats and the contemporary native European wildcats. We find only minor differences between the isotopic ecology of both these taxa. We conclude that, after the appearance of the NE cat, both felid taxa shared the ecological niches.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1918884117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7395498PMC
July 2020

Shelter in Smoleń III - A unique example of stratified Holocene clastic cave sediments in Central Europe, a lithostratigraphic stratotype and a record of regional paleoecology.

PLoS One 2020 6;15(2):e0228546. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Institute of Archaeology, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Toruń, Poland.

A cave site Shelter in Smoleń III (southern Poland) contains an approximately 2-m-thick stratified sequence of Upper Pleistocene and Holocene clastic sediments, unique for Central Europe. The sequence contents abundant fossil fauna, including mollusk, rodent and bat remains. The cave sites with long profiles of subfossil fauna present a great value for reconstructions of regional terrestrial paleoenvironment. We explore the stratigraphy of this site through analyses of the lithology and geochemistry of sediments, radiocarbon dating of faunal and human remains and charcoals, and archaeological study, as well as the paleoecology derived from the taxonomic composition of fossil faunal assemblages. Our data show that the entire period of the Holocene is recorded in the rockshelter, which makes that site an exceptional and highly valuable case. We present paleoenvironmental reconstructions of regional importance, and we propose to regard Shelter in Smoleń III as a regional stratigraphic stratotype of Holocene clastic cave sediments.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0228546PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7004378PMC
April 2020