Publications by authors named "Magda F Mohamed"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Computational studies and sever apoptotic bioactivity of new heterocyclic cyanoacrylamide based p-fluorophenyl and p-phenolic compounds against liver carcinoma (Hepg2).

Bioorg Chem 2021 Jul 5;114:105147. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt. Electronic address:

An efficient route for the preparation of new heterocyclic cyanoacrylamides based p-fluorophenyl and p-phenolic compounds was depicted. All structures were confirmed based on the different spectral tools and elemental analyses. MTT assay for the novel synthesized series was performed against four different cell lines (A549, MCF7, Hepg2, and Wi38). Among all tested groups, the p-phenolic compound 10 (207.1 µg/ml) and the corresponding p-fluorophenyl derivative 6 (325.7 µg/ml) were selected for further simulation and molecular studies against liver carcinoma. Compounds 6 and 10 were investigated theoretically to different protein sets as (cdk2, Bcl2-xl, cIAP1-BIR3, and MDM2) and they illustrated different binding affinities. The computational studies and different molecular techniques (e.g. cell cycle analysis, DPA assay, relative gene expression, and ELISA assay) were utilized in this report.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2021.105147DOI Listing
July 2021

Attacking the mitochondria of colorectal carcinoma by novel 2-cyanoacrylamides linked to ethyl 1,3-diphenylpyrazole-4-carboxylates moiety as a new trend for chemotherapy.

Bioorg Chem 2020 10 26;103:104195. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

A novel set of 2-cyanoacrylamides linked to ethyl 1,3-diphenylpyrazole-4-carboxylates moiety were synthesized and elucidated by different spectroscopic tools. In vitro cytotoxic assay was carried out against different cell lines (Hct, A, MDA-MB, and HFB). Ethyl 5-(2-cyano-3-(furan-2-yl)acrylamido)-1,3-diphenylpyrazole-4-carboxylate 5 achieved the potent cytotoxic effect toward all tested cancer cell lines especially colon cancer (HCT) with IC value (30.6 µg/ml) relative to the lead compound 3 and the standard positive control 5-FU. Additionally, it exhibited less toxic effect toward the normal human melanocytes (HFB4) cell line. Compound 5 was theoretically investigated and compared for its binding affinity to a model of protein markers relative to the lead compound 3 using two different molecular docking programs. More investigations were performed in an attempt to find out the molecular mechanism of this novel compound inside colon cancer cells, as real time PCR analysis, Elisa assay, flow cytometry, and morphological characterizations using TEM and SEM tools.Herein, we showed that compound 5 interferes with the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis at the mitochondrial level in response to an apoptogenic stimulus as cytochromec, caspase-9 and caspases-3 which were triggered by our novel compound 5. All molecular investigations proved that intrinsic apoptotic pathway of colorectal carcinoma was strongly initiated by the effect of compound 5 through upregulation of mitochondrial apoptosis related genes as (Caspase-3, caspase-9, BAX, P, and cytochrome-c) and down-regulated anti-apoptotic proteins (BCL2, MMP1, CDK4, and VEGFR). Further studies proved cell cycle arrest of HCT cell lines at G2/M phase after treatment. In addition, our data revealed that our novel efficiently damage the genomic DNA of colorectal cells involving P dependent mechanism using DPA assay. Sever morphological and ultrastructural changes were detected in colorectal cells treated by compound 5 compared to control using both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2020.104195DOI Listing
October 2020

Novel [l,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]isoquinoline chalcones as new chemotherapeutic agents: Block IAP tyrosine kinase domain and induce both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of apoptosis.

Invest New Drugs 2021 Feb 28;39(1):98-110. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Two novel chemotherapeutic chalcones were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by different spectral tools. Theoretical studies such as molecular modeling were done to detect the mechanism of action of these compounds. In vitro cytotoxicity showed a strong effect against all tested cell lines (MCF7, A459, HepG2, and HCT116), and low toxic effect against normal human melanocytes (HFB4). The lung carcinoma cell line was chosen for further molecular studies. Real-time PCR demonstrated that the two compounds upregulated gene expression of (BAX, p53, casp-3, casp-8, casp-9) genes and decreased the expression of anti-apoptotic genes bcl2, CDK4, and MMP1. Flow-cytometry indicated that cell cycle arrest of A459 was induced at the G2/M phase and the apoptotic percentage increased significantly compared to the control sample. Cytochrome c oxidase and VEGF enzyme activity were detected by ELISA assay. SEM tool was used to follow the morphological changes that occurred on the cell surface, cell granulation, and average roughness of the cell surface. The change in the number and morphology of mitochondria, cell shrinkage, increase in the number of cytoplasmic organelles, membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, and apoptotic bodies were observed using TEM. The obtained data suggested that new chalcones exerted their pathways on lung carcinoma through induction of two pathways of apoptosis. Graphical abstract Novel chalcones were prepared and confirmed by different spectral tools. Docking simulations were done to detect the mechanism of action. In vitro cytotoxicity indicated a strong effect against different cancer cell lines and low toxic effects against normal human melanocytes (HFB4). The lung carcinoma cell line was chosen for further molecular studies that include Real-time PCR, Flow-cytometry, Cytochrome c oxidase, and ELISA assay. SEM and TEM tool were used to follow the morphological changes occurred on the cell surface.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10637-020-00987-2DOI Listing
February 2021

Synthesis, Cytotoxicity and Docking Simulation of Novel Annulated Dihydroisoquinoline Heterocycles.

Mini Rev Med Chem 2020 ;20(12):1166-1178

4National Organization for Drug Control and Research, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

Objective: Coupling of ethyl 2-(6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)acetate 2 with diazotized anilines in ethanol in the presence of sodium acetate yielded 2-(2-arylhydrazono)-2-(6,7- dimethoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)acetate (4a-f).

Methods: Treatment of 2 with α-bromoketones 6a-f in dry benzene at reflux gave the corresponding isoquinolinium bromides 7a-f. Refluxing of each of the salts 7a-f in dry benzene and in the presence of triethylamine yielded 2-arylpyrrolo-[2,1-a]isoquinoline structures 8a-f, that converted to ethyl (E)-8,9- dimethoxy-3-(phenyldiazen-yl)-2-(aryl)-5,6-dihydropyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinoline-1-carboxylate (9a-f) upon treatment with diazotized anilines 3 in ethanol in the presence of sodium acetate.

Results And Conclusion: Cytotoxic assay was performed for in vitro antitumor screening against caucasian breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7), hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) and colorectal carcinoma (HCT-116) cell lines. The results were compared with the standard anticancer drug (doxorubicin). Molecular docking using MOE 2014.09 software was carried out for the most potent compound 4d, which showed the highest binding affinity towards the four tested proteins and thus initiated apoptosis of cancer cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389557520666200130104632DOI Listing
February 2021

Molecular Docking Study, Cytotoxicity, Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptotic Induction of Novel Chalcones Incorporating Thiadiazolyl Isoquinoline in Cervical Cancer.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2020 ;20(1):70-83

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, 12613, Egypt.

Background: Chalcones are naturally occurring compounds found in various plant species which are widely used for the traditional popular treatments. Chalcones are distinguished secondary metabolites reported to display diverse biological activities such as antiviral, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antibacterial and antioxidant agents. The presence of a,ß-unsaturated carbonyl group in chalcones is assumed to be responsible for their bioactivity. In addition, heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen such as isoquinolines are of considerable interest as they constitute the core structural element of many alkaloids that have enormous pharmacological activities.

Objective: The objective of this study is the synthesis and biological activity of novel chalcones incorporating thiadiazolyl isoquinoline as potential anticancer candidates. Different genetic tools were used in an attempt to know the mechanism of action of this compound against breast cancer.

Methods: An efficient one pot synthesis of novel chalcones incorporating thiadiazolyl isoquinoline was developed. The cytotoxic activity of the novel synthesized compounds was performed against four different kinds of cancer cell lines.

Results: Among all the tested derivatives, chalcone 3 has the best cytotoxic profile against A549, MCF7, and HeLa cell lines, with IC50s 66.1, 51.3, and 85.1μM, respectively. Molecular docking studies for chalcone 3 revealed that CDK2, and EGFRTK domains have strong binding affinities toward the novel chalcone 3, while tubulin-colchicine-ustiloxin, and VEGFRTK domains illustrated moderate mode of binding.

Conclusion: We have developed an efficient method for the synthesis of novel chalcones incorporating thiadiazolyl isoquinoline. All compounds showed better cytotoxicity results against four kinds of cancer cell lines (A549, MCF7, HCT116, and HELA cells). The results depicted that chalcone 3 has a high and promising cytotoxic effect against HELA cell line and the mechanism of cytotoxicity was widely studied through different theoretical and experimental tools. Thus, the newly synthesized derivative 3 can be utilized as a novel chemotherapeutic compound for cervical carcinoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520619666191024121116DOI Listing
January 2021

Biological Activity, Apoptotic Induction and Cell Cycle Arrest of New Hydrazonoyl Halides Derivatives.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2019 ;19(9):1141-1149

Chemistry Department (Biotechnology- Biomolecular Chemistry Program), Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: The hydrazonoyl halides are presently an important target in the field of medicinal chemistry. The interest in the chemistry of hydrazonoyl halides is a consequence of the fact that they undergo a wide variety of reactions which provide routes to a myriad of both heterocyclic and acyclic compounds. In addition, they have diverse biological activities such as antiviral, anthelmintic, antiarthropodal, fungicidal, herbicidal, insecticidal, pesticidal, acaricidal and miticidal Activity correlated to the presence of hydrazonoyl halides. Moreover, many applications in both industrial and pharmaceutical fields have been found to be associated with these halides. Depending on the above facts and continuation to our work, we herein report on the evaluation of the anticancer activity of these two halides prepared according to the published work and trying to know their molecular mechanism that they proceed to stop proliferation and metastasis of tumor cells by molecular tools such as real time PCR using different apoptotic genes, and cell cycle assay.

Objective: The goal of this present study is to bring attention to the biological activities of hydrazonoyl halides and the molecular pathway they follow to exert their role in apoptotic death of cancer cell.

Methods: Synthesis of hydrazonoyl halides 2c and 2f. The cytotoxic effect against different human cancer cell lines PC3, HepG-2, HCT-116, MCF-7 and also on normal human cell lines as MCF-10 and MCF-12 in a monolayer culture model was evaluated. Their mechanism of action inside cancer cell was evaluated using different molecular tools.

Conclusion: Strong and promising chemotherapeutic hydrazonoyl halides (2a-2f) were evaluated for their different biological activities. As antimicrobial agents, results indicated that three compounds 2a, 2e and 2f exhibited high activity against two tested gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and gram negative ones Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the rest of the compounds were found to be moderately active against the tested microorganisms. Regarding their antifungal effect, compound 2c exhibited potent and promising effect against Candida albicans, while 2b was the most potent toward Aspergillus flavus Link. The compound 2f has repellent effect. With respect to the in vitro antitumor screening, this was done on different human cancer cell lines; namely PC3, HepG-2, HCT-116, MCF-7 and also on normal human cell lines; as MCF-10 and MCF-12 (normal breast epithelial cell and non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cell line) in a monolayer culture model where screening has been conducted at 100μg/ml (single dose test). Single dose test (100μg/ml) showed that, in case of PC3, all compounds have cytotoxic activity over 90% inhibition, 4 compounds have cytotoxic activity with 100% inhibition with Human colon cancer cell line, 4 compounds showed over 90% inhibition with MCF7 cell line and 4 compounds showed cytotoxic activity over 90% inhibition with HepG-2. Results of IC50 values for most promising compounds showed compounds with values lower than 20μM for all tested human cancer cell line. The promising hydrazonoyl halide 2c and 2f were selected for molecular study to know how they could act inside cancer cell causing death. Two biochemical tests were performed using the two halides 2c and 2f to predict their mechanism of action against breast carcinoma. Real time PCR analysis indicates that the two compounds induced the apoptosis of MCF7 cells through the up regulation of caspase-3, BAX mediated P53 mechanism but unfortunately, they promote the expression of anti-apoptotic protein BCL2. Also, cell cycle assay was performed using two different cell lines MCF7 and HCT116 and data revealed that the two compounds 2c and 2f induced apoptotic cells death of both lines via cell growth arrest at G2/M phase. In addition, it was noted that 2c induced arrest in the two lines more efficiently than 2f at G2/M phase.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520619666190306123658DOI Listing
April 2020

Leaves Extracts Induce Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest of Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Biomed Res Int 2019 1;2019:2698570. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, 12613 Giza, Egypt.

Moringa grows in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The genus belongs to family Moringaceae. It is found to possess various medicinal uses including hypoglycemic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, and antioxidant activities. In this study, we investigated the antimicrobial and the anticancer activity of the as well as leaves extracts grown locally in Egypt. Results indicated that most of the extracts were found to possess high antimicrobial activity against gram-positive bacteria, gram-negative bacteria, and fungus. The survival rate of cancer cells was decreased in both hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) and breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cell lines when treated with leaves extracts. In addition, the cell cycle progression, apoptosis, and cancer-related genes confirmed its anticancer effect. The toxicity of each extract was also tested using the normal melanocytes cell line HFB4. The toxicity was low in both and leaves extracts. Furthermore, GC/MS analysis fractionized the phytochemicals content for each potential extract. In conclusion, results suggested that the and leaves extracts possess antimicrobial and anticancer properties which could be attributed to the bioactive phytochemical compounds present inside the extracts from this plant. These findings can be used to develop new drugs, especially for liver cancer chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2698570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332967PMC
May 2019

Recent Synthetic Approaches and Biological Evaluations of Amino Hexahydroquinolines and Their Spirocyclic Structures.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2019 ;19(7):875-915

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

In this review, the recent synthetic approaches of amino hexahydroquinolines and their spirocyclic structures were highlighted. The synthetic routes include, two-components, three-components or fourcomponents reactions. The two-component [3+3] atom combination reaction represents the simplest method. It involves Michael addition of the electron rich β-carbon of β-enaminones to the activated double bond of cinnamonitriles followed by cyclization to yield hexahydroquinoline compounds. The bioactivity profiles and SAR studies of these compounds were also reviewed with emphasis to the utility of these substances as antimicrobial, anticancer and antitubercular agents, as well as calcium channel modulators.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520619666190131140436DOI Listing
February 2020

Molecular Studies on Novel Antitumor Bis 1,4-Dihydropyridine Derivatives Against Lung Carcinoma and their Limited Side Effects on Normal Melanocytes.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2018 ;18(15):2156-2168

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Cancer is a complex genetic disease which is characterized by an abnormal cell growth, invasion and spreading to other parts of the body. There are several factors that lead to cancer by causing DNA damage and the impairment of its repair. Treatment of cancer using the chemotherapeutic drugs have adverse side effects such as toxicity as they lose their specificity toward cancer cells and affect also normal cells. Moreover, the cancer cells can resist the chemotherapeutic agents and make them ineffective. For these reasons, much attentions have been paid to develop new drugs with limited side effects on normal cells and to diminish cancer resistance to drug chemotherapy. Recently, some 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives were reported to act as Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR) modulators that inhibit p-glycoprotein which is responsible for the inability of drugs to enter the cancer cells. Also 1,4-DHPs have antimutagenic properties against chemicals via modulating DNA repair when studied on drosophila.

Objective: The objective of this study is the synthesis of bis 1,4-DHPs incorporating ester as well as ether linkages and evaluate the anticancer activity of new compounds for synergistic purpose. Different genetic tools were used in an attempt to know the mechanism of action of this compound against lung cancer.

Method: An efficient one pot synthesis of bis 1,4-DHPs using 3-aminocrotononitrile and bis(aldehydes) has been developed. The cytotoxic effect against human cell lines MCF7, and A549 cell lines was evaluated.

Results: All compounds exhibited better cytotoxicity toward lung carcinoma cells than breast cancer cells. With respect to lung carcinoma cell line (A549), compound 10 was the most active compound and the three other compounds 7, 8, and 9 showed comparable IC values. In case of breast cancer cell line (MCF7), the most active one was compound 7, while compound 8 recorded the least activity.

Conclusion: we have developed an efficient method for the synthesis of novel bis 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives incorporating ester or ether linkage. All compounds showed better cytotoxicity results against A549 than MCF7, so that lung carcinoma cell line was chosen to perform the molecular studies on it. The results showed that all compounds (7, 8, 9 and 10) caused cell cycle arrest at G1 phase. The molecular docking study on CDK2 confirmed the results of cell cycle assay which showed good binding energy between the compounds and the active site of enzyme indicating the inhibition of the enzyme.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520618666181019095007DOI Listing
August 2019

Synthesis, Cytotoxicity, Antimicrobial and Docking Simulation of Novel Pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine and pyrazolo[4,3-e][1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-c] pyrimidine Derivatives.

Mini Rev Med Chem 2019 ;19(8):657-670

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt.

Background: Isobutyrohydrazonoyl bromide 1 was used as a precursor for the synthesis of 4-imino-3-isopropyl-1-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-5H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-5-amine 4, which was converted into hydrazino derivative 5 by heating with hydrazine hydrate at reflux. Hydrazino, as well as imino-amino derivatives, underwent condensation and cyclization reactions to give pyrazolo[ 3,4-d]pyrimidine and pyrazolo[4,3-e][1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-c]pyrimidine derivatives, respectively.

Method: Antimicrobial studies are performed using two-gram positive bacteria and two-gram negative bacteria.

Results: Data revealed that compound 9a is the most promising antibacterial agent with high efficiency (low MIC value (48 μg/ml)). The cytotoxic assay was investigated for in vitro antitumor screening against Caucasian breast adenocarcinoma MCF7, hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 and colon carcinoma HCT-116 cell lines.

Conclusion: The results are compared with doxorubicin standard anticancer drugs as well as normal cell lines like MCF10 and MCF12. Molecular docking was carried out for the highest potent compound 8c with the binding site of dihydrofolate reductase enzyme DHFR PDB:ID (1DLS).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389557518666181017162459DOI Listing
June 2019

Cytotoxicity, molecular modeling, cell cycle arrest, and apoptotic induction induced by novel tetrahydro-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]isoquinoline chalcones.

Eur J Med Chem 2018 Jan 21;143:532-541. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

Novel tetrahydro-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-3-arylprop-2-en-1-one derivatives were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by different spectral tools. Cytotoxicity test revealed that some compounds exhibited strong to moderate effect, while others showed weak action against different cancer cell lines (MCF7, A549, HCT116, and Hepg2). Breast carcinoma revealed higher sensitivity toward all derivatives especially compounds 5 and 8 which offered the lowest IC values (50.05, and 27.15 μg/ml) respectively, relative to the positive control 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (IC = 178 μg/ml). In addition, the two compounds exhibited less toxic effect toward normal melanocytes (HFB4). Several theoretical and experimental studies were done to reveal the molecular mechanisms that control breast carcinoma metastasis using the two promising novels 5 and 8. Docking simulation studies against the two proteins EGFR and DHFR demonstrate that compound 8 showed higher binding affinity toward the two proteins more than compound 5, suggesting that trimethoxy groups may be responsible for this higher activity through the formation of five hydrogen bonding with the active domain (4r3r) and other four interactions with the active domain (1dls). Real time PCR assay illustrates that the two compounds up regulated BAX, p53, caspase-3 genes and down regulated BCL2, MMP1, CDK4 ones. In addition, it was noted that compound 8 was more effective in gene regulation and apoptotic induction than compound 5. Also, flow cytometer analysis demonstrates that both compounds 5 and 8 induced cell growth arrest at G1 phase and thus, inhibit G1/S transition and cell cycle progression. In addition, both compounds stimulate apoptotic death of breast cells significantly to reach 8.72%, and 17.28% respectively, compared to their control (0.55%). Apoptotic induction of breast cells was enhanced effectively through activation of caspase-3 by compound 8 using Elisa assay.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.11.045DOI Listing
January 2018

DNA Fragmentation, Cell Cycle Arrest, and Docking Study of Novel Bis Spiro-cyclic 2-oxindole of Pyrimido[4,5-b]quinoline-4,6-dione Derivatives Against Breast Carcinoma.

Curr Cancer Drug Targets 2018 ;18(4):372-381

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Recently, it is reported that heterocycles containing pyrimidoquinoline moiety show a broad spectrum of medicinal and pharmacological properties including anticancer, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory activities, analgesic and antiviral. In additions, spirocyclicoxindole containing compounds represent an important class of compounds that exhibit wide range of biological properties. The asymmetric chiral spiro carbon is considered to be the main criteria of the bioactivities. Spirooxindole structures represent the main skeleton for various alkaloids and pharmaceutically important compounds. Among them, the naturally occurring pyrrolidinylespirooxindole alkaloid, horsifiline that exhibits anticancer activity against human brain cancer cell lines.

Objective: The objective of this study is the synthesis of novel bis spiro-cyclic 2-oxindole of pyrimido[4,5-b]quinoline derivatives and evaluate the anticancer activity of new compounds for synergistic purpose. Different genetic tools were used in an attempt to know the mechanism of action of this compound against breast cancer.

Method: An efficient one pot synthesis of bis spiro-cyclic 2-oxindole derivatives of pyrimido[4,5- b]quinoline-4,6-dione using 6-aminouracil, bis-isatin and dimedone has been developed. The cytotoxic effect against different human cell lines MCF7, HCT116 and A549 cell lines was evaluated. The derivative 6a, was found the most encouraging compound in this series and it was selected for molecular studies against MCF7.

Results: Our data indicated that compound 6a is an attractive target for breast cancer, as it inhibits proliferation, cell cycle progression and induces apoptosis of tumor cells. This inhibition is mediated by fragmentation of genomic DNA, up-regulation of [caspase-3, tumor suppressor gene p53, and pro-apoptotic gene BAX], and down-regulation of anti-apoptotic BCL2 gene. In additions it caused cell cycle arrest in S phase. This work provides an evidence of the potent effect of the new compound 6a and assists in the progress of new healing agents for cancer.

Conclusion: We have developed an efficient method for the synthesis of novel bioactive bis spirocyclic 2-oxindole derivatives incorporating pyrimido[4,5-b]quinoline derivatives. Most of our new derivatives give potent cytotoxic effect more than the standard drug Fluorouracil (5-FU) especially, compound 6a which was the most active and promising one in this series against MCF7, HCT116, and A549 cell lines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1568009617666170630143311DOI Listing
June 2019

Apoptotic induction mediated p53 mechanism and Caspase-3 activity by novel promising cyanoacrylamide derivatives in breast carcinoma.

Bioorg Chem 2017 08 1;73:43-52. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

New cyanoacrylamide derivatives were theoretically examined for their binding abilities to a protein model of apoptosis inhibitor proteins x-IAP and c-IAP1 using molecular modeling. The two compounds 5a and 5b proved promising IAP antagonists, where they have good binding affinity toward the selected active domains. Anticancer activity of all derivatives was performed on different human cancer cell lines (HCT116, Caco, and MCF7) as well as normal line (HBF4). Data revealed that breast carcinoma was more sensitive to the novel compounds than other lines especially compounds 5a and 5b, but all derivatives lost their cytotoxic effect in case of Caco2 cell line and they showed low cytotoxic effect toward HCT116 cells except compound 3. The flow cytometric analysis revealed that the two compounds 5a and 5b induced apoptosis to 46.5% and 54.8% respectively, relative to control 8.06%. In addition, PCR results indicated that the two compounds 5a and 5b induced the expression of p53 gene and decreased induction of BCL2 (anti-apoptotic gene), while the two compounds have no effect on the protein expression of Caspase-9. By monitoring the presence of Caspase-3 which was a mean to detect apoptotic death in breast carcinoma, the two compounds have stimulated the induction of apoptosis by increasing the production of Caspase-3 protein. Finally, it was concluded that the two compounds 5b and 5a have the most promising anti-cancer activity against human breast carcinoma (MCF7), and it is believed that the anticancer activities of these two compounds were due to being the most effective in the inhibition of a member of IAPs groups, leading to activation of p53 gene and the Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2017.05.012DOI Listing
August 2017

Expression of Reactive Oxygen Species-Related Transcripts in Egyptian Children With Autism.

Biomark Insights 2017 23;12:1177271917691035. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

Microbial Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt.

The molecular basis of the pathophysiological role of oxidative stress in autism is understudied. Herein, we used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) array to analyze transcriptional pattern of 84 oxidative stress genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cell pools isolated from 32 autistic patients (16 mild/moderate and 16 severe) and 16 healthy subjects (each sample is a pool from 4 autistic patients or 4 controls). The PCR array data were further validated by quantitative real-time PCR in 80 autistic children (55 mild/moderate and 25 severe) and 60 healthy subjects. Our data revealed downregulation in , and transcripts (1.5, 3.8, 1.2, 1.7, and 2.2, respectively; < .05 for all) in autistic group compared with controls. In addition, and exhibited 1.4- and 1.7-fold downregulation, respectively, in severe autistic patients when compared with mild/moderate group ( = .005 and .0008, respectively). This study helps in a better understanding of the underlying biology and related genetic factors of autism, and most importantly, it presents suggested candidate biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis purposes as well as targets for therapeutic intervention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1177271917691035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5391985PMC
February 2017

Molecular docking simulation and anticancer assessment on human breast carcinoma cell line using novel bis(1,4-dihydropyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole-5-carbonitrile) and bis(1,4-dihydropyrazolo[4',3':5,6]pyrano[2,3-b]pyridine-6-carbonitrile) derivatives.

Bioorg Chem 2017 04 21;71:19-29. Epub 2017 Jan 21.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

An efficient route for the synthesis of novel bis(1,4-dihydropyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole-5-carbonitrile) derivatives is reported. The synthetic pathway involves one pot, synthesis of bis-aldehydes, malononitrile, and pyrazolone in the presence of pyridine. The anticancer activity of the synthesized products against MCF7, HEPG2, and A549 cell lines was assessed. Docking studies were performed and indicated the best binding mode compared to the standard ligand sorafenib.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2017.01.009DOI Listing
April 2017

Anticancer Activities of New N-hetaryl-2-cyanoacetamide Derivatives Incorporating 4,5,6,7-Tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophene Moiety.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2017 ;17(8):1084-1092

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, 12613 Giza, A. R, Egypt.

Aims: Novel series of N-(4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophen-2-yl) cyanoacetamide derivatives are synthesized.

Method: The structure of these compounds was elucidated using different spectral tools. Compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against different types of human cancer cell lines including, breast (MCF-7, T47D, MDA MB231); liver (HEPG-2); colon (HCT116); prostate (PC3); and cervix (HELA) cells. In this study, we used compounds 11 and 12 that showed the highest cytotoxicity on PC3 and HEPG2 cells, to explore their effects on apoptosis, metastasis and angiogenesis of cancer cells.

Results: Results revealed that the growth inhibition produced by the two selected compounds was due to cytocidal and not due to cytostatic effect in both cell lines. This cytocidal effect was due to up-regulation of caspases-3, and- 9. In addition, the two compounds inhibited the expression of metalloproteinases-2 and 9 (MMP 2&9). Moreover, HIF-1alpha and VEGF expressions were inhibited by both compounds.

Conclusion: In conclusion, N-(4, 5, 6, 7-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophen-2-yl) cyanoacetamide derivatives showed different anticancer potential against different cancer cell lines. Compounds 11 and 12 showed the most active cytotoxicity against PC3 and HepG2 cells. Both compounds have apoptotic, anti- metastatic and anti-angiogenic effects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520617666170110154110DOI Listing
September 2017

A novel adamantane thiadiazole derivative induces mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in lung carcinoma cell line.

Bioorg Med Chem 2017 01 5;25(1):241-253. Epub 2016 Nov 5.

Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry Speciality, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

The interaction of organic compounds with apoptosis regulatory proteins is an attractive field of research because of its relevance in the development of new chemotherapeutic agents for cancer treatment. Our group designed four new adamantane thiadiazole derivatives (ATDs). The four ATDs were theoretically tested for their binding affinities to a model of an apoptosis inhibitor protein using molecular modeling. ATD-4 which interacted with the highest binding affinity was synthesized and characterized. The in vitro cytotoxicity of ATD-4 against different cancer cell lines as well as normal cell line was determined and compared with 5-fluorouracil as a standard positive control. The lung carcinoma cell line that showed the highest cytotoxic activity due to ATD-4 treatment was chosen to further study if ATD-4 can perform its cytotoxic activity through the induction of apoptosis as expected from molecular modeling. Inducing apoptosis by ATD-4 in lung carcinoma cell line was assessed by various biochemical and morphological characteristics. Biochemically: The effect of ATD-4 on cell cycle and its ability to induce apoptosis were checked through flow cytometry. Caspase-3 activity was detected by a colorimetric method. Real time-polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) was used to detect p53, caspase-3, bcl-2 and bax gene expression. Morphologically: Changes in cell surface morphology, granulation and average surface roughness were detected using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Cell shrinkage, increase in cytoplasmic organelles, changes in mitochondrial number and morphology, chromatin condensation, membrane blebbing and formation of apoptotic bodies were detected using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The obtained results suggest that ATD-4 exerted its antitumor activity against A549 cells through the induction of the intrinsic (mitochondrial) apoptotic pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2016.10.040DOI Listing
January 2017

Cytotoxic and antimicrobial evaluations of novel apoptotic and anti-angiogenic spiro cyclic 2-oxindole derivatives of 2-amino-tetrahydroquinolin-5-one.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2015 Feb;348(2):113-24

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

A novel series of cyclic 2-oxindole derivatives incorporating 2-amino-tetrahydroquinolin-5-one were prepared. The structures of the prepared compounds were elucidated using different spectral tools. The regio-orientation of the reaction products was elucidated through NOE difference experiments and through using substituents on the ortho position to affect further cyclization. Antitumor and antimicrobial evaluations were performed on the prepared compounds. Most of these compounds exhibited high to moderate antimicrobial activity. With respect to the antitumor activity, the compounds showed more potent cytotoxic effect only toward the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Also, we found that derivatives containing an ester group (8c, 11b, 14b, and 15b) are more active than those containing a cyanide group (8a, 11a, 14a, and 15a). Moreover, compounds 15b and 8b are the most active derivatives in this group. These two compounds showed apoptotic inhibition of the proliferation of human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells through DNA fragmentation, induction of the tumor suppressor protein p53, induction of caspase-9, and finally the inhibition of angiogenesis by decreasing vascular endothelial growth factor expression and secretion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.201400304DOI Listing
February 2015

Chalcones incorporated pyrazole ring inhibit proliferation, cell cycle progression, angiogenesis and induce apoptosis of MCF7 cell line.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2014 ;14(9):1282-92

Leibniz Universitat Hannover, Institut fur Organische Chemie, Schneiderberg 1B, D-30167 Hannover, Germany.

A Series of chalcone derivatives containing pyrazole ring was prepared and their cytotoxicity against different human cell lines, including breast (MCF-7), colon (HCT-116) liver (HEPG2) cell lines, as well as normal melanocyte HFB4 was evaluated. Two of these chalcone derivatives with different IC50 and chemical configuration were chosen for molecular studies in detail with MCF-7 cells. Our data indicated that the two compounds prohibit proliferation, angiogenesis, cell cycle progression and induce apoptosis of breast cancer cells. This inhibition is mediated by up regulation of tumor suppressor p53 associated with arrest in S-G2/M of cell cycle. This work provides a confirmation of antitumor activity of the novel chalcones and assists the development of new agents for cancer treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/187152061409141010114547DOI Listing
August 2015

Synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel series of chalcones incorporated pyrazole moiety as anticancer and antimicrobial agents.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2012 Nov 5;168(5):1153-62. Epub 2012 Sep 5.

Department of Chemistry (Biochemistry Branch), Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

A newly synthesized series of chalcone derivatives containing pyrazole rings were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxic activities in vitro against several human cancer cell lines. Most of the prepared compounds showed potential cytotoxicity against human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, HEPG-2, and HCT-116. Also the compounds were evaluated as antimicrobial agents. The three compounds 3, 4, and 5 were proved to be better anticancer agents than the positive standard doxorubicin with IC50 values (4.7, 4.4, and 3.9 μg/ml) against the same human cancer cell lines, whereas compounds 5 and 6 showed the most active antimicrobial compounds in comparison to the other chalcones.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-012-9848-8DOI Listing
November 2012
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