Publications by authors named "Maedeh Maleki"

2 Publications

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Relationship between spirometry results and colonisation of Aspergillus species in allergic asthma.

Clin Respir J 2020 Mar 26. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Medical Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Introduction And Objectives: Exposure to fungi in patients with asthma leads to the release of various fungal antigens, which can increase the severity of asthma. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between the colonisation of Aspergillus species and spirometry results in allergic asthma.

Materials And Methods: Two hundred sixteen patients with mild to severe asthma and 30 healthy controls were included. All participants underwent pulmonary function tests. Furthermore, sputum samples were collected from each subject. Each sputum sample was subjected to direct microscopic examination and fungal culture. All cultured Aspergillus colonies were identified at species level by molecular methods. Finally, all available data from sputum culture and spirometry test were analysed.

Results: Out of 216 sputum samples, 145 (67.1%) were positive for fungal growth. Furthermore, out of 264 grown fungal colonies, 137 (51.9%) were Aspergillus species. Among the Aspergillus isolates, A. flavus (29.2%) was the most prevalent species, followed by A. fumigatus (27.7%). The mean forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in the mild, moderate and severe asthmatic patients with a positive sputum culture for fungi were obtained as 90.0 ± 11.1, 71.1 ± 15.9 and 54.9 ± 16.4, respectively. In general, Aspergillus species colonisation had no statistically significant effect on spirometry results of study patients.

Conclusion: Our results showed that there is no difference in the FEV1 and forced vital capacity between Aspergillus positive and negative patients in any asthma severity group.
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March 2020

Fungal epidemiology in cystic fibrosis patients with a special focus on Scedosporium species complex.

Microb Pathog 2019 Apr 8;129:168-175. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Center of Expertise in Microbiology, Infection Biology and Antimicrobial Pharmacology, Tehran, Iran.

In this present study, for the first time, we evaluated the cystic fibrosis (CF) patients for the Scedosporium species and their antifungal susceptibility against eight antifungal agents. During one-year period, 90 Sputum samples were collected from Iranian CF patients. All samples were evaluated by direct microscopic examination, culture onto four different media including Malt extract agar, Inhibitory mold agar, Brain Heart Infusion and Scedo-Select III. The mold isolated fungi were identified by PCR-Sequencing of ITS and β-tubulin genes. In-vitro antifungal susceptibility was performed according to the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) M38-A2 guidelines. Out of 90 CF patients, 47 (52.2%) were male. The age of the patients ranged from 1 to 34 years (median of 15.84 ± 7.41 years). Overall, 3 (3.3%) cases were positive for Scedosporium spp. of which two isolates were characterized as Scedosporium boydii and one isolate as S. ellipsoideum. Among Aspergillus genus, A. flavus (29.4%) was the most prevalent species followed by A. tubingensis (24.7%), A. niger (17.0%) and A. fumigatus (14.5%). The minimum effective concentration ranges of micafungin, anidulafungin, and caspofungin were 0.008-0.031 μg/mL, 0.0625-0.25 μg/mL, and 0.0625-0.25 μg/mL, respectively. All isolates of Scedosporium species showed high minimum inhibitory concentration to the triazoles tested, except voriconazole. Our results showed that A. flavus and Scedosporium species are the most prevalent molds isolated from CF patient populations in Iran. Our findings have also showed that Scedo-Select III can be used as a reliable culture media for isolation of Scedosporium spp. in clinical samples.
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April 2019