Publications by authors named "Madina R Gerasimov"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

(1S, 3S)-3-amino-4-difluoromethylenyl-1-cyclopentanoic acid (CPP-115), a potent γ-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase inactivator for the treatment of cocaine addiction.

J Med Chem 2012 Jan 30;55(1):357-66. Epub 2011 Dec 30.

Department of Chemistry, Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Center for Molecular Innovation and Drug Discovery, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3113, United States.

Vigabatrin, a GABA aminotransferase (GABA-AT) inactivator, is used to treat infantile spasms and refractory complex partial seizures and is in clinical trials to treat addiction. We evaluated a novel GABA-AT inactivator (1S, 3S)-3-amino-4-difluoromethylenyl-1-cyclopentanoic acid (CPP-115, compound 1) and observed that it does not exhibit other GABAergic or off-target activities and is rapidly and completely orally absorbed and eliminated. By use of in vivo microdialysis techniques in freely moving rats and microPET imaging techniques, 1 produced similar inhibition of cocaine-induced increases in extracellular dopamine and in synaptic dopamine in the nucleus accumbens at (1)/(300) to (1)/(600) the dose of vigabatrin. It also blocks expression of cocaine-induced conditioned place preference at a dose (1)/(300) that of vigabatrin. Electroretinographic (ERG) responses in rats treated with 1, at doses 20-40 times higher than those needed to treat addiction in rats, exhibited reductions in ERG responses, which were less than the reductions observed in rats treated with vigabatrin at the same dose needed to treat addiction in rats. In conclusion, 1 can be administered at significantly lower doses than vigabatrin, which suggests a potential new treatment for addiction with a significantly reduced risk of visual field defects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm201231wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3257419PMC
January 2012

Concentration-dependent conditioned place preference to inhaled toluene vapors in rats.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2006 Oct 3;85(1):87-90. Epub 2006 May 3.

Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.

Objectives: Toluene is present in many commercial products and is subject to abuse by inhalation. The goal of this study was to extend previous reports indicating that rats will exhibit a positive conditioned place preference to inhaled toluene vapors and to determine the dose-response relationship for inhaled toluene in terms of exposure concentration and number of exposures. For the conditioned place preference experiments rats were exposed to toluene vapors at concentrations of 800, 2000, 3000 or 5000 ppm in one compartment of a three-compartment box.

Results: Following six conditioning sessions with toluene, a significant place preference was obtained at 2000 and 3000 ppm, but not at 800 or 5000 ppm. Extending the number of toluene pairings at the 2000 and 3000 ppm concentration to 12 significantly enhanced the place preference compared to that at six pairings.

Conclusions: These experiments extend our previous finding that rats will show a conditioned place preference to inhaled toluene, and indicate that a reinforcing "dose" of toluene depends on both the concentration and number of pairings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.03.013DOI Listing
October 2006

Synthesis and evaluation of inhaled [11C]butane and intravenously injected [11C]acetone as potential radiotracers for studying inhalant abuse.

Nucl Med Biol 2005 Feb;32(2):201-8

Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.

The phenomenon of inhalant abuse is a growing problem in the US and many countries around the world. Yet, relatively little is known about the pharmacokinetic properties of inhalants that underlie their abuse potential. While the synthesis of 11C-labeled toluene, acetone and butane has been proposed in the literature, none of these compounds has been developed as radiotracers for PET studies. In the present report we extend our previous studies with [11C]toluene to include [11C]acetone and [11C]butane with the goal of comparing the pharmacokinetic profiles of these three volatile abused substances. Both [11C]toluene and [11C]acetone were administered intravenously and [11C]butane was administered via inhalation to anesthesized baboons. Rapid and efficient uptake of radiolabeled toluene and acetone into the brain was followed by fast clearance in the case of toluene and slower kinetics in the case of acetone. [11C]Butane was detected in the blood and brain following inhalation, but the levels of radioactivity in both tissues dropped to half of the maximal values over the period of less than a minute. To our knowledge, this is the first reported study of the in vivo brain pharmacokinetics of labeled acetone and butane in nonhuman primates. These data provide insight into the pharmacokinetic features possibly associated with the abuse liability of toluene, acetone and butane.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2004.11.002DOI Listing
February 2005

Toluene inhalation produces a conditioned place preference in rats.

Eur J Pharmacol 2003 Sep;477(1):45-52

Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.

Toluene is a widely abused solvent with demonstrated addictive potential in humans. Here we explore if conditioned place preference can be used to study the abuse-related effects of inhaled toluene in rats. Animals were confined to a distinctive compartment of a three-compartment chamber while exposed to toluene vapor and later tested for preference for that compartment compared to appropriate control subjects. In this study, a flame ionization detector was used for on-line monitoring of toluene vapor concentrations inside the conditioning apparatus coupled with computerized recording of the time spent by the animals on the test day in each of the chambers. Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to 810, 1895 or 4950 ppm of toluene vapors in either the black or white compartment during 30-min pairing sessions given every other day alternating with air exposure for the total of six pairings for each treatment. Rats that received air in both sides (control group) did not show any preference for either side with approximately equal time spent in each compartment on the test day (241 +/- 33 and 234 +/- 34 s, for white and black box, respectively). However, the 1895- and 4950-ppm test groups, but not the 810-ppm group, demonstrated a significant preference for the side paired with toluene exposure. When a subsequent test session was performed during toluene exposures, no conditioned place preference was observed. Thus, toluene produced a clear conditioned place preference that appears to be most evident when animals are not intoxicated. This procedure should be useful for further studies of the abuse-related effects of abused inhalants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2003.08.022DOI Listing
September 2003

Acute handling stress modulates methylphenidate-induced catecholamine overflow in the medial prefrontal cortex.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2002 Aug;27(2):163-70

Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.

Although stress is an extensively investigated phenomenon, the effects of specific stressors on the pharmacologic activity of routinely administered drugs are less well characterized. We designed the present study to investigate the effect of handling stress on catecholaminergic responsivity following an acute methylphenidate (MP, Ritalin) challenge in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) levels were simultaneously measured in 15-min samples of PFC dialysate using HPLC coupled with electrochemical detection. Sprague-Dawley rats were handled for 15 min, which produced an increase from basal extracellular DA and NE levels. Handling stress attenuates the DA response when administered 2 h prior to IP MP, whereas handling stress enhances the DA response when administered simultaneously with IG MP. These findings suggest that persistent alterations in mesocorticolimbic DA-ergic activity are induced by a short exposure to restraint stress as evidenced by the altered response to MP challenge.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0893-133X(02)00288-9DOI Listing
August 2002

Effect of vehicle on brain uptake of [11C]toluene.

Nucl Med Biol 2002 Jul;29(5):607-12

Brookhaven National Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Upton, NY 11973, USA.

With the goal of investigating the pharmacokinetics of the abused solvent, toluene we have adapted the rapid coupling of methyl iodide with tributylphenylstannane mediated by palladium(0) complex to the synthesis of no-carrier-added [11C]toluene starting with 11CH(3)I. Two methods for purification and formulation of the tracer were developed. The first one yielded [11C]toluene dissolved in dimethylacetamide/saline solution, for the second one we adapted supercritical fluid technology where the tracer was purified using and conventional C(18) HPLC column and pure supercritical CO(2) fluid as a mobile phase operating at 2000 psi. Formulation of the tracer in cyclodextrin resulted in a significantly higher integrated uptake and distribution volume values. Additionally, we observed higher uptake and slower clearance of 11C-toluene in white matter, consistent with higher lipid content and neurotoxicological evidence indicating restricted and diffuse white matter changes in toluene abusers. This trend was observed when either DMA or cyclodextrin was used as a vehicle. It appears then, that the choice of a vehicle affected only the degree of bioavailability, but not the regional brain pharmacokinetics. Finally, we demonstrated the effect of a decreased percent difference between DV values for the studies performed on the same day, that is, test/retest variability was lower for all brain regions in beta-cyclodextrin experiments. Present results clearly demonstrate that the choice of a vehicle has a significant effect on tracer uptake and should be considered as a potential factor contributing to the pharmacokinetic measurements.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0969-8051(02)00315-3DOI Listing
July 2002

Systemic administration of 1R,4S-4-amino-cyclopent-2-ene-carboxylic acid, a reversible inhibitor of GABA transaminase, blocks expression of conditioned place preference to cocaine and nicotine in rats.

Synapse 2002 May;44(2):61-3

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, St. John's University, Jamaica, Queens, New York 11439, USA.

We examined the effect of 1R,4S-4-amino-cyclopent-2-ene-carboxylic acid (ACC), a reversible inhibitor of GABA transaminase, on the expression of conditioned place preference response to cocaine and nicotine in rats. Cocaine (20 mg/kg i.p.) and nicotine (0.4 mg/kg s.c.), but not vehicle or 300 mg/kg i.p. of ACC, produced a significant conditioned place preference response. Pretreatment of animals with 300 and 75 mg/kg i.p. of ACC significantly attenuated the expression of the cocaine- and nicotine-induced conditioned place preference responses, respectively. These results are the first to suggest that reversible inhibition of GABA transaminase may be useful in blocking cue-induced relapse to nicotine and cocaine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/syn.10052DOI Listing
May 2002

Toluene inhalation produces regionally specific changes in extracellular dopamine.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2002 Feb;65(3):243-51

Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of toluene inhalation on dopaminergic transmission in two distinct brain areas presumably involved in mediating the reward processes important for toluene abuse. Extracellular dopamine (DA) levels were measured in prefrontal cortex (PFC) and nucleus accumbens (NACC) of freely moving rats using in vivo microdialysis. Inhalation of a behaviorally relevant concentration of toluene (3000 ppm) produced a significant increase in the PFC but not in the NACC. However, the odorant isoamyl acetate, increased PFC DA levels by only 37%, significantly less than the 96% increase observed following toluene exposure. When toluene inhalation was combined with cocaine administration (20 mg/kg i.p.), the response to the combined challenge was not different from the response to toluene alone in the PFC. However, the combination of these two drugs produced a supradditive response of 802% in the NACC, compared with the 450% increase observed following cocaine alone. Recent reports indicate that toluene influences the function of several ionotropic receptors in a subunit specific manner. As further evidence of specific effects, our results indicate regionally specific changes in dopaminergic transmission following toluene exposure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0376-8716(01)00166-1DOI Listing
February 2002