Publications by authors named "Madhu Kumari Upadhyay"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Relationship of eating behavior and self-esteem with body image perception and other factors among female college students of University of Delhi.

J Educ Health Promot 2022 23;11:80. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Eating disorders (EDs) can lead to life-threatening nutritional deficiencies whereas self-esteem influences interpersonal relationships and academic performance. Excessive concerns about body image resulting in body dissatisfaction not only affect psychological well-being but also predisposes to disordered eating behaviors. The objective of this study is to assess the eating behavior and level of self-esteem, their relationship with body image perception and also identify factors associated with them among undergraduate female college students.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 180 female undergraduate students of University of Delhi. Sociodemographic characteristics and anthropometric measurements were recorded. Eating Attitude Test-26, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, Contour Drawing Rating Scale and Body Shape Questionnaire 34 were used to assess eating behavior, self-esteem, body image dissatisfaction and body shape concerns, respectively. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used and binary logistic regression was applied to identify the factors determining high risk eating behavior and low self-esteem.

Results: In this study, 27.8% of the study participants were overweight or obese, 30.6% had body shape concerns and 76.7% had body image dissatisfaction. Significant proportion (13.9%) of the participants was identified as high risk for the development of EDs and having low self-esteem (12.8%). Body shape concern and family influences were significant predictors of high risk eating behavior whereas type of college and family influences significantly predicted low self-esteem.

Conclusions: The study concluded that factors such as nutritional status, family influences, type of college and body shape concerns lead to high risk eating behavior and low self-esteem. These findings will help in creating awareness on importance of concept of positive body image, healthy weight control behaviors and in developing future interventions.
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March 2022

Understanding the emerging and reemerging terminologies amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Dec 31;9(12):5881-5887. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been declared as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization (WHO). During this phase of the health crisis posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, news in print, electronic as well as the social media is abuzz with several emerging and reemerging terminologies. Some of them, such as "social distancing," "infodemic," "flattening the curve," "quarantine," "cluster containment," and others were not in routine use but have suddenly reemerged and become the key toward understanding the disease and its prevention. Many of these terms have been a part of public health strategies used for centuries for containment of the spread of infectious diseases. These terms span across social, epidemiological, and administrative contexts concerning the COVID-19 pandemic. Our article aims to present a better understanding of the meaning and origin of these terms and their application in the context of the current pandemic based on a review of the available literature such as chapters from textbooks, published guidelines of the WHO and Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and published articles in journals and newspapers through a comprehensive search of the electronic database in English.
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December 2020

Module to facilitate self-directed learning among medical undergraduates: Development and implementation.

J Educ Health Promot 2020 28;9:231. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India.

Context: Currently, self-directed learning (SDL) is emphasized in medical institutions all over the world. The skills of SDL enable one to be a lifelong learner, a necessity to cope up with fast-expanding medical knowledge.

Aims: This study aims to develop and implement an "SDL" module for medical undergraduates and find out their perception about the same.

Settings And Design: A cross-sectional study using a mixed-method design (having both qualitative and quantitative components) was conducted in the Department of Community Medicine, UCMS, Delhi, India.

Methods: A module was developed following an extensive literature review and focus group discussions with the teaching staff of the institute. First-semester undergraduate students were invited to participate in the study and asked for feedback using a semi-structured questionnaire.

Statistical Analysis: Quantitative data were expressed in mean, range, and frequency. For qualitative data, thematic analysis was performed.

Results: The module was implemented with 160 students, in November for 10 hour distributed over 5 weeks. Feedback could be obtained from 130 students. Sixty-seven percent of students were satisfied and 66% reported as motivated to study the allotted topic further. Qualitative analysis showed that though the students liked the learning process based on this module, they also felt facilitators could have been more active in imparting knowledge and skills.

Conclusions: To make learners equipped with the ability to learn throughout a professional learning course, SDL as a learning tool should be introduced in the medical undergraduate curriculum.
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September 2020

Socioclinical profile of patients seeking treatment for cancer in a Teaching hospital in east Delhi, India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Jun 30;9(6):2763-2768. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Prevalence of cancer in urban India is seeing a discernible increase due to lifestyle modifications and adverse environmental exposures. The pattern of cancer incidence varies from one region to another within a large country like India.

Aim And Objectives: This study was conducted to understand the socioclinical profile of the patients attending a tertiary care hospital in east Delhi for the treatment of cancer.

Methods: Patients above the age of 18 years, who had been diagnosed with cancer, were recruited for our study and their socioclinical details were elicited. After 3 months they were reassessed and their treatment and side-effect profile were studied.

Results: Majority of our patients were diagnosed with cancers of the oral cavity and were married men in age group of 40-60 years, residing in the National Capital Region. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer were more likely to receive chemotherapy and suffer from side effects of treatment like nausea, anorexia, and loss of weight.

Conclusion: Physicians need to be aware of these complications and should incorporate a proper counselling mechanism before treatment is started in such patients. Family physicians play a defining role in the palliative management since he remains a trusted face in his community and can provide professional and psychotherapeutic support.
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June 2020