Publications by authors named "Maciej Turski"

18 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The beneficial impact of cardiac rehabilitation on obstructive sleep apnea in patients with coronary artery disease.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Mar;17(3):403-412

Department of Electrocardiology and Heart Failure, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Study Objectives: To assess the impact of cardiac rehabilitation for decreasing sleep-disordered breathing in patients with coronary artery disease.

Methods: The study included 121 patients aged 60.01 ± 10.08 years, 101 of whom were men, with an increased pretest probability of OSA. The cardiac rehabilitation program lasted 21-25 days. The improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using the changes in peak metabolic equivalents, the maximal heart rate achieved, the proportion of the age- and sex-predicted maximal heart rate, and the Six-Minute Walk Test distance. Level 3 portable sleep tests with respiratory event index assessments were performed in 113 patients on admission and discharge.

Results: Increases were achieved in metabolic equivalents (Δ1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.95-1.40; P < .0001), maximal heart rate (-Δ7.5 beats per minute; 95% CI, 5.00-10.50; P < .0001), proportion of age- and sex-predicted maximal heart rate (Δ5.50%; 95% CI, 4.00-7.50; P < .0001), and the Six-Minute Walk Test distance (Δ91.00 m; 95% CI, 62.50-120.00; P < .0001). Sleep-disordered breathing was diagnosed in 94 (83.19%) patients: moderate in 28 (24.8%) patients and severe in 27 (23.9%) patients, with a respiratory event index of 19.75 (interquartile range, 17.20-24.00) and 47.50 (interquartile range, 35.96-56.78), respectively. OSA was dominant in 90.40% of patients. The respiratory event index reduction achieved in the sleep-disordered breathing group was -Δ3.65 (95% CI, -6.30 to -1.25; P = .003) and was in parallel to the improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness in the subgroups with the highest effort load and with severe sleep-disordered breathing: -Δ6.40 (95% CI, -11.40 to -1.90; P = .03) and -Δ11.00 (95% CI, -18.65 to -4.40; P = .003), respectively.

Conclusions: High-intensity exercise training during cardiac rehabilitation resulted in a significant decrease in OSA, when severe, in parallel with an improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with coronary artery disease.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.8900DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7927323PMC
March 2021

Long-term effects of the Managed Care After Acute Myocardial Infarction program: an update on a complete 1-year follow-up.

Kardiol Pol 2020 05 24;78(5):458-460. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

1st Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland; Upper Silesia Medical Center, Katowice, Poland.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.33963/KP.15256DOI Listing
May 2020

Managed Care after Acute Myocardial Infarction (MC-AMI) - a Poland's nationwide program of comprehensive post-MI care - improves prognosis in 12-month follow-up. Preliminary experience from a single high-volume center.

Int J Cardiol 2019 12 20;296:8-14. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

First Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Despite progress in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), long-term prognosis in MI survivors remains a challenge. The Managed Care in Acute Myocardial Infarction (MC-AMI, KOS-zawal) is the first program of a comprehensive, supervised care for patients with AMI to improve long-term prognosis. It includes acute intervention, complex revascularization, cardiac rehabilitation (CR), outpatient follow-up, and prevention of SCD. Our aim was to assess the relation between participation in MC-AMI and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in 12-month follow-up.

Methods And Results: In this single-center, retrospective analysis we compared 719 patients participating in MC-AMI and compared them to 1130 subjects in the control group. After propensity score matching, two groups of 529 subjects each were compared. MC-AMI was related with MACCE reduction by 40% in a 12-month observation. Participants of MC-AMI had a higher adherence to cardiac rehabilitation (98 vs. 14%), higher rate of scheduled revascularisation (coronary artery bypass grafting: 9.8% vs. 4.9%, p ≪ 0.001; elective percutaneous coronary intervention: 3.0% vs 2.1%, p ≪ 0.05) and ICD implantation (2.8% vs. 0.6%, p ≪ 0.05) compared to control. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed MC-AMI to be inversely associated with the occurrence of MACCE (HR = 0.500, 95% Cl 0.349-0.718, p ≪ 0.001). Besides, older age, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, prior PAD, previous UA, and lower LVEF were significantly associated with the primary endpoint.

Conclusions: MC-AMI is the first program of comprehensive care for AMI patients. MC-AMI improves prognosis by increasing the rate of patients undergoing CR, complete revascularization and ICD implantation, thus reducing MACCE.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.040DOI Listing
December 2019

Left ventricular reverse remodeling in patients with anterior wall ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej 2018 11;14(4):373-382. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 Department of Cardiology, Upper Silesian Medical Centre, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling and its impact on long-term prognosis in patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Aim: To assess the percentage of reverse remodeling and its prognostic factors in anterior STEMI patients.

Material And Methods: This observational study included 40 patients with first ever STEMI of the anterior wall. LV reverse remodeling was defined as the reduction of left ventricular end-systolic volume (ΔLVESV) by ≥ 10% in 3D transthoracic echocardiography (3D-TTE) at 3-month follow-up. 3D-TTE and speckle tracking imaging were performed during index hospitalization, while 3D-TTE and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) were performed at 3 months following the procedure. Patients were followed up for a median time of 3.4 years in order to evaluate major adverse cardiovascular events.

Results: Left ventricular reverse remodeling at 3-month follow-up was confirmed in 15 (37.5%) patients. The presence of reverse remodeling was predicted by lower troponin levels (unit OR = 0.86, = 0.02), lower sum of ST-segment elevations before (unit OR = 0.87, = 0.03) and after PCI (unit OR = 0.40, = 0.03), lower maximal ST-segment elevation after PCI (unit OR = 0.01, = 0.03), lower wall motion score index (unit OR 0.40, = 0.03) and more negative anterior wall global longitudinal strain (unit OR = 0.88, = 0.045). Nine MACE were reported in the without reverse remodeling group only. Non-significantly better event-free survival in the reverse remodeling group was demonstrated (log-rank = 0.07).

Conclusions: Development of reverse modeling in patients with optimal revascularization and tailored pharmacotherapy is relatively high. Further studies are warranted in order to adjudicate its prognostic role for the prediction of adverse events.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aic.2018.79867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309837PMC
December 2018

Factors determining exercise capacity evaluated during cardiopulmonary exercise testing in 6-month follow-up after ST elevation myocardial infarction.

Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 2019 May 17;39(3):209-214. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

1st Department of Cardiology, Upper Silesian Medical Center, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is one of the main causes of congestive heart failure (CHF). The main symptom of CHF is exercise tolerance impairment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for impaired exercise tolerance in patients after STEMI.

Methods And Results: A total of 84 patients with STEMI were analysed in the study. Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) was performed 6 months after STEMI. Impaired exercise tolerance defined as peak VO2 < 84% predicted for age and sex was present in 49 (58%) patients and was connected with lack of abciximab administration (91.4 versus 69%, P = 0·02) and the presence of mitral regurgitation (47 versus 23%, P = 0·02). In univariate analysis, the troponin I level at admission (OR 1·89, P = 0·047), the use of abciximab (OR 0·21, P = 0·03), the presence of mitral regurgitation (OR 2·98, P = 0·03) and NT-proBNP concentration (OR 2·17, P = 0·021) were related to impaired exercise tolerance. The best multivariate model for predicting impaired exercise tolerance included mitral regurgitation and lack of abciximab administration.

Conclusions: Impaired exercise tolerance after STEMI is common. Mitral regurgitation and lack of abciximab administration are the best predicting factors of impaired exercise tolerance after STEMI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cpf.12560DOI Listing
May 2019

Changes in plasma miR-9, miR-16, miR-205 and miR-486 levels after non-small cell lung cancer resection.

Cell Oncol (Dordr) 2017 Oct 20;40(5):529-536. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Department of Immunology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Centre, Roentgen 5, 02-781, Warsaw, Poland.

Purpose: The majority of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients presents with an advanced-stage disease and, consequently, exhibits a poor overall survival rate. We aimed to assess changes in plasma miR-9, miR-16, miR-205 and miR-486 levels and their potential as biomarkers for the diagnosis and monitoring of NSCLC patients.

Methods: Plasma was collected from 50 healthy donors and from NSCLC patients before surgery (n = 61), 1 month after surgery (n = 37) and 1 year after surgery (n = 14). microRNA levels were quantified using qRT-PCR.

Results: We found in NSCLC patients before treatment, both with squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC) and adenocarcinoma (ADC), significantly higher plasma miR-16 and miR-486 levels than in healthy individuals. Pre-treatment miR-205 concentrations were found to be significantly higher in SQCC than in ADC patients, and only SQCC patients presented significantly higher circulating miR-205 levels than healthy donors. SQCC plasma miR-9 levels were not different from normal control levels, but in ADC they were found to be significantly decreased. A combination of plasma miR-16, miR-205 and miR-486 measurements was found to discriminate NSCLC patients from healthy persons, with a specificity of 95% and a sensitivity of 80%. Following tumor resection, we found that the miR-9 and miR-205 levels significantly decreased, even below the normal level, whereas the increased miR-486 level persisted up to one year after surgery, and the miR-16 level decreased to normal. After tumor resection, none of the miR levels tested was found to relate to recurrence.

Conclusions: Our data indicate that miR-9, miR-16, miR-205 and miR-486 may serve as NSCLC biomarkers. The observed cancer-related pre- and post-operative changes in their plasma levels may not only reflect the presence of a primary cancer, but also of a systemic response to cancer.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13402-017-0334-8DOI Listing
October 2017

Restrictive Mitral Annuloplasty Does Not Limit Exercise Capacity.

Ann Thorac Surg 2015 Oct 28;100(4):1326-32. Epub 2015 Jul 28.

Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Silesia, School of Medicine in Katowice and School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Restrictive mitral annuloplasty is the preferred method of treating secondary mitral regurgitation. The use of small annuloplasty rings to reduce the high recurrence rates may result in mitral stenosis.

Methods: Thirty-six patients who underwent restrictive mitral annuloplasty with Carpentier-Edwards classic 26 size ring underwent exercise echocardiography and ergospirometry. Resting catecholamines and N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels were measured.

Results: At the time of study, the median time from operation was 16.6 months (interquartile range, 8.5 to 43.3 months). Left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) was 67 mL/m(2) (interquartile range, 25 to 92 mL/m(2)), and ejection fraction (EF) was 38.8% (interquartile range, 28.3% to 59.0%). Mitral gradients were higher at the leaflet tips than at the annular level. Continuous wave (CW) Doppler gradients at rest were 3.4 mmHg (interquartile range, 2.4 to 4.9 mmHg) mean and 9.5 mmHg (interquartile range, 7.0 to 14.7 mmHg) maximal. On exertion, they increased to 6.8 mmHg (interquartile range, 5.4 to 8.8 mmHg) (p = 0.001) and 19.7 mmHg (interquartile range, 12.8 to 23.3 mmHg) (p = 0.001), respectively. Maximal VO2 was 18.2 mL/kg/min (interquartile range, 16.3 to 21.5 mL/kg/min), VE/VCO2 slope was 31.1 (interquartile range, 26 to 34). Epinephrine level was 0.024 ng/mL (interquartile range, 0.0098 to 0.043 ng/mL), norepinephrine was 0.61 ng/mL (interquartile range, 0.41 to 0.95 ng/mL), and NT-proBNP was 303 pg/mL (interquartile range, 155 to 553 pg/mL). Maximal VO2 negatively correlated with resting norepinephrine level (r = -0.50, p = 0.003). VE/VCO2 slope positively correlated with NT-proBNP (r = 0.36, p = 0.004) and epinephrine (r = 0.36, p = 0.04) levels and with LV volumes (r = 0.51, p = 0.006) and was negatively correlated with LVEF (r = -0.52, p = 0.004). Neither maximal VO2 nor VE/VCO2 slope correlated with the highest mean (r = 0.24, p = 0.2, and r = -0.20, p = 0.3, respectively) and maximal (r = 0.13, p = 0.5, r = -0.20, p = 0.3, respectively) mitral gradients on exertion.

Conclusions: Restrictive mitral annuloplasty for secondary mitral regurgitation does result in a degree of mitral stenosis; however, primary heart disease seems more important for patient's exercise performance than the mitral stenosis resulting from using an undersized ring.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.04.028DOI Listing
October 2015

Echocardiographic evaluation of myocardial strain in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej 2015 22;11(2):95-9. Epub 2015 Jun 22.

First Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Echocardiographic evaluation of regional myocardial function helps to assess the efficacy of therapeutic interventions and to predict the prognosis and clinical outcomes.

Aim: To assess whether myocardial strain can be useful in estimation of left ventricle (LV) function in patients who have undergone transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Material And Methods: Twenty-six patients with severe aortic stenosis, who successfully underwent TAVI, were enrolled in the study. Left ventricular peak systolic longitudinal strain (LV PSLS) was obtained before and 1 year after the procedure. Analysis included the potent influence of factors such as sex, LV ejection fraction (LVEF), type of prosthesis implanted or the type of the approach on LV PSLS values.

Results: We observed a significant improvement in LV PSLS values after TAVI (-10.9 ±5.7 vs. -13.4 ±4.7, p < 0.05). Men had better improvement in LV PSLS after TAVI, but their starting values were considerably lower (M: -10.7 ±4.5 before vs. -13.3 ±4.9 after, p < 0.05; W: -11.8 ±6.8 before vs. -11.9 ±5.6 after, p = NS). Patients with starting LVEF ≤ 40% benefited from the procedure (LV PSLS: -10.3 ±6.4 before vs. -13.7 ±2.9 after, p < 0.05), but in the group of patients with the higher starting LVEF no significant changes in LV PSLS were observed. We also did not note any differences in LV PSLS depending on type of the prosthesis implemented (Edwards Sapiens/CoreValve). Patients in whom the prostheses were implemented via the femoral approach only presented significant increase in LV PSLS values (before: -10.4 ±6.7 vs. after: -13.6 ±3.7, p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The TAVI results in improvement of LV systolic function according to LV PSLS values. Some factors, especially lower baseline LVEF, are related to increased benefit in LV PSLS after TAVI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pwki.2015.52281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4495124PMC
July 2015

Effect of postconditioning on infarction size, adverse left ventricular remodeling, and improvement in left ventricular systolic function in patients with first anterior ST‑segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Pol Arch Med Wewn 2013 14;123(6):268-76. Epub 2013 May 14.

1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: A key method in the treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is recanalization of the infarct-related artery, but this causes heart reperfusion injury. One of the methods to reduce this injury is postconditioning. The available data on the efficacy of this method are contradictory.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the safety of postconditioning as well as its effect on infarction size, improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and adverse LV remodeling during a 3-month follow-up.

Patients And Methods: The study involved 39 patients with first anterior STEMI (aged 58 ± 10 years) up to 12 hours from the onset of symptoms. They were randomly assigned to a traditional-reperfusion group (n = 21) or to a postconditioning group (n = 18). The area at risk (AAR) was assessed angiographically. LV remodeling and LVEF were evaluated using echocardiography at 6 days and at 3 months. The infarction size was defined on the basis of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 months.

Results: In a univariate logistic regression analysis, postconditioning did not affect the improvement of LVEF (odds ratio [OR], 1.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.34-7.7; P = 0.52) or the development of adverse LV remodeling (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.15-2.53; P = 0.5). Moreover, there were no significant differences in infarction size between the groups as measured by MRI after adjustment for the AAR, time to reperfusion, and ST-segment elevation prior to percutaneous coronary intervention.

Conclusions: Postconditioning is a safe method but its application did not affect the volume of the infarction as well as did not improve LVEF or the development of adverse LV remodeling in a 3-month follow-up.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.20452/pamw.1766DOI Listing
May 2015

[Complete atrioventricular block due to hyperkalemia caused by rhabdomyolysis during treatment with statin].

Kardiol Pol 2010 Dec;68(12):1376-8; discussion 1379

I Oddział Kardiologii, GOK, Górnośląskie Centrum Medyczne, Katowice.

Complete atrioventricular block can occur, among others, in case of hyperkalemia, that is a life-threatening complication of rhabdomyolysis. Statins constitute the medication group that is especially associated with a possibility of muscle complications. Frequency of statin-associated myalgia is 5-10%, and potentially fatal rhabdomyolysis--0.02-0.09%. We describe a male patient who was admitted due to syncope caused by complete atrioventricular block. Iatrogenic rhabdomyolysis with life-threatening hyperkalemia, that was related to statin, was diagnosed. After application of suitable pharmacotherapy, conduction abnormalities resolved. The patient was discharged in a good condition.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2010

Risk factors of asymptomatic restenosis in patients with first anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Kardiol Pol 2010 Sep;68(9):987-93

1st Department of Cardiology, Upper Silesian Medical Centre, SPSK 7, Katowice, Poland.

Background: The issue of predicting coronary artery restenosis, especially silent, in patients following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been extensively studied, however, risk factors have not been fully defined.

Aim: To asses the frequency of silent restenosis and its predictors in patients with anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary PCI and implantation of bare metal stents (BMS).

Methods: We recruited a cohort of 114 patients with first anterior STEMI treated with primary PCI within 12 hours of the onset of symptoms, and with the left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion (TIMI 0) and successful flow restoration (TIMI 3). A 12-lead ECG was performed before and 60 minutes after PCI. Troponin I and CK-MB were measured on admission and after six, 12 and 24 hours. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed at discharge. Resting TTE and coronary angiography were performed after a six month follow-up in asymptomatic patients.

Results: The frequency of silent restenosis in our study group was 23.9%. The best multivariate models in logistic regression of restenosis prediction were: lower end-systolic volume of the left ventricle assessed two days after infarction longer lesion and smaller reference diameter of the stented vessel.

Conclusions: Silent restenosis in patients with first anterior STEMI treated by primary PCI with the use of BMS is still frequent. The best ways to identify patients with silent restenosis at six month follow-up, apart from the lower end systolic volume in the echocardiographic study, are longer narrowing in the infarct-related artery and lower reference diameter of the treated vessel.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2010

Predictive value of ischemic mitral regurgitation during the acute phase of ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary coronary intervention for left ventricular remodeling in long-term follow-up.

Coron Artery Dis 2010 Sep;21(6):325-9

Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Unlabelled: Reperfusion therapy, mainly primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), has improved survival and lowered complication rate in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Nevertheless, some patients develop left ventricular remodeling (LVR) during long-term follow-up.

Aims: To assess the incidence of ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) in the acute phase of STEMI treated with primary PCI. To assess prognostic value of MR during acute STEMI for prediction of LVR during long-term follow-up.

Methods: This is a prospective, single-center study in 83 patients with the first STEMI. Inclusion criteria were as follows: time from symptom onset to PCI less than 12 h and successful restoration of blood flow (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 3) in the infarct-related coronary artery. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at discharge and 6 months after the MI.

Results: At hospital discharge, ischemic MR was found in 35 (42%) patients. At 6 months follow-up, LVR was present in 21 (25%) patients. Univariate analysis revealed that remodeling could be predicted by age, weight, treatment with abciximab, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), leaflets coaptation, coaptation height, tenting area, presence of MR, degree of MR. The best multivariate logistic regression model for remodeling prediction at 6 months was combination of ischemic MR degree (odds ratio (OR)=14.5; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.89-54.0, P<0.00005), abciximab therapy (OR=0.09; 95% CI: 0.01-0.84, P<0.03) and LVEF (OR=0.89; 95% CI: 0.81-0.99, P<0.03).

Conclusion: Ischemic MR in STEMI is frequent, even despite effective primary PCI. The regurgitation grade and lower LVEF assessed at hospital discharge and lack of abciximab administration could predict development of LVR at 6 months.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCA.0b013e32833aa6bbDOI Listing
September 2010

Prediction of long-term outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute anterior myocardial infarction.

Kardiol Pol 2010 Apr;68(4):393-400

Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Despite the widespread use of reperfusion methods, the long-term outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is variable, and accurate risk stratification is of clinical importance.

Aim: To assess the predictors of long term outcome after PCI for acute anterior myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods: One hundred and twenty-seven consecutive patients undergoing PCI within 12 hours from the onset of the first AMI were enrolled. Troponin I, CK-MB, creatinine, NT-proBNP, echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) function, myocardial contrast perfusion, results of coronary angiography, ECG, 24-hour Holter ECG, and T-wave alternans (TWA) were analysed as predictors of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as death, non-fatal reinfarction, sustained ventricular tachycardia, and rehospitalisation for decompensated heart failure. Patients were followed up for two years.

Results: Twenty-seven patients developed MACE. The best predictive model for MACE consisted of impaired perfusion (MCE, myocardial contrast echocardiography), higher CK-MB at 24 hours, discharge NT-proBNP, and non-negative TWA. The combination of elevated creatinine level, decreased LV ejection fraction, and a non-negative TWA proved the best for identification of patients at risk of cardiac death. The best multivariate model for predicting heart failure hospitalisation consisted of higher 24-hour CK-MB, discharge NT-proBNP, impaired perfusion and prolonged duration of ST elevation.

Conclusions: Our study showed that the rate of MACE in patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary PCI at two years follow-up is low. A combined assessment of myocardial contrast perfusion, TWA, CK-MB and discharge NT-proBNP seems to optimally predict patients at risk of MACE.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2010

Microvascular damage prevention with thrombaspiration during primary percutaneous intervention in acute myocardial infarction.

Coron Artery Dis 2009 Jan;20(1):51-7

1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Despite rapid and complete recanalization of infarct-related artery with percutaneous coronary intervention, microvascular integrity is not often preserved. Several mechanical devices have been proposed to prevent distal embolization, but the impact of these devices on myocardial perfusion remains controversial.

Aim: The aim of our study was to assess microvascular damage reduction with quantitative myocardial contrast perfusion echocardiography among patients with the first anterior acute myocardial infarction treated with thromboaspiration during percutaneous coronary intervention.

Methods: Forty-two patients (57.4+/-10 years, 74% males) with first anterior acute myocardial infarction were randomized 1 : 1 to intracoronary thromboaspiration followed by stenting, or to a conventional strategy of stenting alone. Echocardiogram and quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography were performed 7 days and 1 month later, respectively. Parameter A (reflecting myocardial blood volume), beta (reflecting velocity, myocardial blood flow), and product of A and beta as indicator of myocardial blood flow were analyzed. For each patient mean value of A, beta, and A x beta from all dysfunctional segments was calculated.

Results: The study population was divided into two groups: thromboaspiration (group I, 19 patients) and stenting alone (group II, 23 patients). No difference was observed between the both groups in demographic, clinical, echocardiographic, and angiographic data. Parameter A and A x beta were significantly higher in group I than in group II: 8.58+/-2.54 versus 5.29+/-3.18 dB (P<0.001) and 5.29+/-3.73 versus 2.78+/-3.03 dB/s (P<0.001). Multivariate step-down regression analysis revealed that only thromboaspiration before stenting and lower maximum troponin I have been associated with viability preservation in infarcted region.

Conclusion: Thromboaspiration before stenting in patients with the first anterior myocardial infarction improves myocardial perfusion at the tissue level assessed by quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCA.0b013e328307efefDOI Listing
January 2009

Impact of left ventricular remodeling on ventricular repolarization and heart rate variability in patients after myocardial infarction treated with primary PCI: prospective 6 months follow-up.

Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2008 Jan;13(1):8-13

I Department of Cardiology, Silesian Medical University, Katowice, Poland.

Background: The relation between postinfarction left ventricle remodeling (LVR), autonomic nervous system and repolarization process is unclear. Purpose of the study was to assess the influence of LVR on the early (QTpeak) and late (TpeakTend) repolarization periods in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) treated with primary PCI. The day-to-night differences of repolarization parameters and the relation between QT and heart rate variability (HRV) indices, as well left ventricle function were also assessed.

Methods: The study cohort of 104 pts was examined 6 months after acute MI. HRV and QT indices (corrected to the heart rate) were obtained from the entire 24-hour Holter recording, daytime and nighttime periods.

Results: LVR was found in 33 patients (31.7%). The study groups (LVR+ vs LVR-) did not differ in age, the extent of coronary artery lesions and treatment. Left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) was lower (38%+/- 11% vs 55%+/- 11%, P < 0.001), both QTc (443 +/- 26 ms vs 420 +/- 20 ms, P < 0.001) and TpeakTendc (98 +/- 11 ms vs 84 +/- 12 ms, P < 0.005) were longer in LVR + patients, with no differences for QTpeakc. Trends toward lower values of time-domain (SDRR, rMSSD) HRV parameters were found in LVR+ pts. Day-to-night difference was observed only for SDRR, more marked in LVR-group. Remarkable relations between delta LVEF (6 months minus baseline), delta LVEDV and TpeakTendc were found, with no such relationships for QTpeakc.

Conclusions: The patients with LVR have longer repolarization time, especially the late phase-TpeakTend, which represents transmural dispersion of repolarization. Its prolongation seems to be related to local attributes of myocardium and global function of the left ventricle but unrelated to the autonomic nervous influences. Remodeling with moderate LV systolic dysfunction is associated with insignificant decrease in HRV indices and preserved circadian variability.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1542-474X.2007.00195.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6932320PMC
January 2008

[Prediction of adverse cardiac events in patients with acute anterior wall myocardial infarction treated with PCI].

Pol Arch Med Wewn 2006 Jul;116(1):648-57

Klinika Kardiologii, Slaska Akademia Medyczna.

Unlabelled: Despite common use of reperfusion therapy, particularly primary PCI during acute myocardial infarction, steadily increasing number of patients with low left ventricular ejection fraction, with heart failure (HF), requiring frequent rehospitalisation justifies the study establishing the best indices of prediction of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurrence. The aim of the study was to define the frequency of MACE (death, re MI, sVT, rehospitalisation for HF) in patients with acute anterior wall myocardial infarction in 6 month follow up and the factors determinatig its occurence. The 115 consecutive patients (86 males of age 57.7 +/- 11 yrs) with first anterior MI were studied. After successful PCI (TIMI 3) the angiographic assessment was performed (MBG 0-1 - no perfusion, MBG 2-3 - perfusion preserved). During first 48 hours 12-lead ECG was monitored in order to analyse the time to reduction of ST elevation in the lead with the highest elevation (deltatST 50%). On 2nd day LV function (LVEF and WMSI) and dyssfunctional segment perfusion (RPSI) were assessed. On 5th day Holter monitoring with arrhythmia and time domain parameters (SDNN, rMSSD) of heart rate variability were performed, on 30 day TWA test was done.

Results: During 180 follow-up 18 MACE occurred (3 death, 2 MI, 11 rehospitalisations for HF). In univariate analysis cigarette smoking, higher maximum troponin I value, LVEDV, LVESV, ST elevation sum, longer time to reduction of ST elevation, lower LVEF and RPSI, lack of microvessel integrity and positive TWA test had significant relationship with occurrence of MACE. The multivariate analysis of Cox proportional risk regression demonstrated that only lower value of RPSI and LVEF, longer time of ST elevation reduction in the lead with the highest ST elevation and positive TWA test were independent indices of MACE prediction.

Conclusions: Cumulative evaluation of LVEF, indices of preserved perfusion and results of TWA test turned out to be the best predictors of MACE occurrence in 6 month follow up in patients after anterior MI treated with PCI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2006

The use of myocardial contrast echocardiography in the assessment of left ventricular function recovery after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the setting of acute myocardial infarction.

Kardiol Pol 2006 Jul;64(7):713-21; discussion 722-3

I Klinika Kardiologii, Slaska Akademia Medyczna, Samodzielny Publiczny Szpital Kliniczny, ul. Ziołowa 45/47, 40-635 Katowice, Poland.

Background: Despite successful reperfusion therapy of acute myocardial infarction and complete restoration of infarct-related artery patency, the improvement of systolic function in long-term outcome depends on preserved microvasculature integrity. Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a useful technique for identification of viable myocardium.

Aim: To assess the value of real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (rt-MCE) in prediction of left ventricular function improvement in patients with anterior wall acute myocardial infarction as well as selection of the optimal cut-off value for the number of dysfunctional segments with preserved complete perfusion, in order to predict the global left ventricular function improvement during one-month observation.

Methods: Rt-MCE was performed in 74 patients (50 men, aged 58+/-11 years) with anterior wall myocardial infarction, treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 12 hours from the onset of symptoms. After estimation of regional contractility disturbances and global systolic function of the left ventricle, rt-MCE was performed with contrast assessment of dysfunctional segments (normal contrast pattern=2, heterogeneous=1, lack of contrast=0). Regional perfusion score index (RPSI) was calculated by adding the perfusion indices and dividing by the number of dysfunctional segments.

Results: Of a total of 1184 visualised segments, 344 (29.1%) were dysfunctional (189 hypokinetic, 155 akinetic). Contractility improvement was observed in 192 segments (preserved viability in 105 hypokinetic and 37 akinetic segments). In a group of 44 patients with systolic function improvement, 34 of them had preserved viability, and in a group of 30 patients without LVEF improvement, in 22 of them myocardium viability was not observed. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of rt-MCE in prediction of left ventricular global improvement were 72.7%, 73.3% and 73%, respectively, whereas in prediction of regional function improvement these values were 73.9%, 77% and 75.5%, respectively.

Conclusion: Rt-MCE performed in the early phase of myocardial infarction enables the prediction of left ventricular regional and global function improvement in patients treated with primary PCI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2006

[Incessant ventricular tachycardia in a patient with a severe aortic stenosis successfully treated by cardiac surgery].

Kardiol Pol 2006 Apr;64(4):441-4

I Klinika Kardiologii, Samodzielny Publiczny Szpital Kliniczny nr 7, ul. Ziołowa 45/47, 40-635 Katowice.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2006