Publications by authors named "M Trombetta"

182 Publications

Enteric permeability and inflammation associated with day of hatch Enterobacteriaceae inoculation.

Poult Sci 2021 May 30;100(9):101298. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Electronic address:

Early exposure to Enterobacteriaceae may result in inappropriate microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, induce mild GI inflammation, alter immune system development, and predispose poultry to opportunistic infection. Four experiments were conducted to test Enterobacteriaceae isolates Escherichia coli LG strain (LG), E. coli Huff strain (Huff), Salmonella Enteritidis LB (SE) and Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) on ability to induce GI inflammation. All 4 experiments included a noninoculated control, and day of hatch (DOH) oral inoculation of LG, Huff, SE and ST in experiment 1, LG and SE in experiment 2, and LG, Huff, SE, and ST in experiment 3. Experiment 4 included LG, Huff, a noninoculated control (NIC), and Clostridium perfringens only (NCP) wherein birds received oral C. perfringens challenge on d15-16 to induce necrotic enteritis. Body weight was measured, yolk sacs and spleens were collected, and blood was obtained for serum fluorescein isothiocyanate dextran (FITC-d) recovery and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (A1GP) concentrations. Samples were taken weekly through 2 wk of age in experiments 1 and 2, or 4 wk of age in experiments 3 and 4. Increased FITC-d recovery was observed for LG and SE on d13 in experiment 2 (P < 0.05), and C. perfringens only birds on d27 in experiment 4 (P < 0.05) as compared to noninoculated controls. Each experiment resulted in notable differences in A1GP serum concentrations over time, with fluctuations in A1GP patterns through d14 based on DOH inoculation (P < 0.05). Over time, A1GP was increased for DOH inoculated birds from d 22 to 29, the fourth wk of life, and d 2-29, the entire experiment, vs. noninoculated controls in experiment 3 (P < 0.05). Similarly, NCP and LGCP showed increased A1GP from d 20 to 27 and d 6 to 27, vs. NIC in experiment 4 (P < 0.05). In experiment 4, C. perfringens challenge resulted in earlier A1GP response in DOH inoculated birds, d 17-20, as compared to NCP birds, d 20-27 (P < 0.05). These results suggest early Enterobacteriaceae exposure may influence early inflammatory state in the GI tract and may also alter patterns of inflammation and responsiveness to pathogens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2021.101298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8287245PMC
May 2021

Haplotypes of the genes (GCK and G6PC2) underlying the glucose/glucose-6-phosphate cycle are associated with pancreatic beta cell glucose sensitivity in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes from the VNDS study (VNDS 11).

J Endocrinol Invest 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Piazzale Stefani 1, 37126, Verona, Italy.

Background: Elevated fasting plasma glucose has been associated with increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The balance between glucokinase (GCK) and glucose-6-phosphate catalytic subunit 2 (G6PC2) activity are involved in glucose homeostasis through glycolytic flux, and subsequent insulin secretion.

Aim: In this study, we evaluated the association between the genetic variability of G6PC2 and GCK genes and T2D-related quantitative traits.

Methods: In 794 drug-naïve, GADA-negative, newly diagnosed T2D patients (VNDS; NTC01526720) we performed: genotyping of 6 independent tag-SNPs within GCK gene and 5 tag-SNPs within G6PC2 gene; euglycaemic insulin clamp to assess insulin sensitivity; OGTT to estimate beta-cell function (derivative and proportional control; DC, PC) by mathematical modeling. Genetic association analysis has been conducted using Plink software.

Results: Two SNPs within GCK gene (rs882019 and rs1303722) were associated to DC in opposite way (both p < 0.004). Two G6PC2 variants (rs13387347 and rs560887) were associated to both parameters of insulin secretion (DC and PC) and to fasting C-peptide levels (all p < 0.038). Moreover, subjects carrying the A allele of rs560887 showed higher values of 2h-plasma glucose (2hPG) (p = 0.033). Haplotype analysis revealed that GCK (AACAAA) haplotype was associated to decreased fasting C-peptide levels, whereas, the most frequent haplotype of G6PC2 (GGAAG) was associated with higher fasting C-peptide levels (p = 0.001), higher PC (β = 6.87, p = 0.022) and the lower 2hPG (p = 0.012).

Conclusion: Our findings confirmed the role of GCK and G6PC2 in regulating the pulsatility in insulin secretion thereby influencing insulin-signaling and leading to a gradual modulation in glucose levels in Italian patients with newly diagnosed T2D.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-020-01483-3DOI Listing
June 2021

Accuracy of CGM Systems During Continuous and Interval Exercise in Adults with Type 1 Diabetes.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2021 Jun 11:19322968211023522. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University and Hospital of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Background: continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMs) play an important role in the management of T1D, but their accuracy may reduce during rapid glucose excursions. The aim of study was to assess the accuracy of recent rt-CGMs available in Italy, in subjects with T1D during 2 sessions of physical activity: moderate continuous (CON) and interval exercise (IE).

Method: we recruited 22 patients with T1D, on CSII associated or integrated with a CGM, to which a second different sensor was applied. Data recorded by CGMs were compared with the corresponding plasma glucose (PG) values, measured every 5 minutes with the glucose analyzer. To assess the accuracy of the CGMs, we evaluated the Sensor Bias (SB), the Mean Absolute Relative Difference (MARD) and the Clarke error grid (CEG).

Results: a total of 2355 plasma-sensor glucose paired points were collected. Both average plasma and interstitial glucose concentrations did not significantly differ during CON and IE. During CON: 1. PG change at the end of exercise was greater than during IE ( = .034); 2. all sensors overestimated PG more than during IE, as shown by SB ( < .001) and MARD ( < .001) comparisons. Classifying the performance according to the CEG, significant differences were found between the 2 sessions in distribution of points in A and B zones.

Conclusions: the exercise affects the accuracy of currently available CGMs, especially during CON, suggesting, in this circumstance, the need to maintain blood glucose in a "prudent" range, above that generally recommended. Further studies are needed to investigate additional types of activities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/19322968211023522DOI Listing
June 2021

Evaluation of day of hatch exposure to various Enterobacteriaceae on inducing gastrointestinal inflammation in chicks through two weeks of age.

Poult Sci 2021 Jul 11;100(7):101193. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Animal Sciences, 2029 Fyffe Rd, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address:

Inappropriate microbial colonization can induce gastrointestinal (GI) inflammation may predispose poultry to opportunistic infections and reduce growth performance. Four independent experiments were completed to test ability of select Enterobacteriaceae isolates to induce GI inflammation. Experiments 1 and 2 included a non-inoculated control (NC), and a low (L), medium (M), or high (H) day of hatch (DOH) oral inoculation level. In experiment 1, birds in L1, M1, and H1 received 10 to 10 CFU of a mixed dose of 2 species of Citrobacter and Salmonella Enteritidis LB (SE). In experiment 2, birds in L2, M2, and H2 received 10 to 10 CFU of E. coli LG (LG) and included NC. Body weight was recorded on d 0, 7, and 14, with blood collected for chicken serum alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (A1GP) measurements on d14. Neither experiment resulted in differences in BWG, however, A1GP was increased (P < 0.05) on d 14 when DOH inoculation dose 10 CFU/chick was used compared to NC. This observed increase in A1GP resulted in selection of 10 CFU/chick for DOH inoculation in experiments 3 and 4. Experiment 3 consisted of NC, E. coli Huff (Huff), and SE. On d 0, 7 and 15, BW was measured, with blood collected on d 15 for A1GP. Both d 15 A1GP and BWG from d 7 to 15 were reduced in inoculated chicks, Huff and SE, in experiment 3 (P < 0.05). Experiment 4 evaluated NC and LG with BW measured on d 0, 2, 7 and 14. Yolk sacs were evaluated for retention and bacterial enumeration, and blood for serum A1GP were collected on d 2 and 14. Experiment 4 resulted in no differences in yolk sac parameters or A1GP, whereas there was an increase in BWG for LG from d 0 to 14 (P < 0.05). When evaluated over time, serum A1GP increased between d 2 and d 14 by nearly 46% in LG, compared to negligible changes in NC (P = 0.111). Mild GI inflammation induced by early Enterobacteriaceae exposure may not drastically impact growth or inflammation parameters but may increase susceptibility to opportunistic infection necessitating further study of this model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2021.101193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8182431PMC
July 2021

Stereotactic arrhythmia radioablation for intramural basal septal ventricular tachycardia originating near the His bundle.

HeartRhythm Case Rep 2021 Apr 28;7(4):246-250. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Division of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardiovascular Institute, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrcr.2021.01.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8129041PMC
April 2021
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