Publications by authors named "M J Zamiri"

100 Publications

Reproductive performance, expression of TRAP6 and TGF-β4 genes in utero-vaginal junction mucosa, and indicators of liver function in female Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) breeders fed with fish oil and calcitriol during the egg-laying period.

Theriogenology 2021 Jul 30;168:50-58. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Animal Science, Sari Agricultural Science and Natural Resources University, Sari, 48177- 36781, Iran.

Reproductive attributes, expression of TRAP6 and TGF-β mRNA in the mucosa of the utero-vaginal junction (UVJ) of oviduct, and liver function were evaluated in Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) breeders subjected to long-term oral administration of fish oil (FO) and/or calcitriol (CT). A total of forty-eight 1.5-year-old laying Chukar partridges and 16 age-matched males (female:male ratio of 3:1) were randomly allocated to four groups (4 replicates of 3 female birds and one male bird each). Breeder females in groups 1, 2, and 3 were orally administered daily with 0.2 mL (0.24 g)/500 g body weight FO, 0.2 mL solution containing 10 μg CT, or their combination (FO + CT) for 42 successive days, respectively. Pure crystalline calcitriol was dissolved in ethanol (30%) prior to administration. The control group (CON), received a similar volume of a 30% solution of ethanol only. Eggs were collected and incubated to evaluate the reproductive performance. Blood samples were taken on days 0, 21, and 42 of the trial for the quantification of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). On day 43, one bird per replicate was killed by cervical dislocation to assess the expression of TRAP6 and TGF-β genes in the UVJ mucosa. Administration of CT or FO + CT increased the egg production rate, fertility rate, and hatchability rate of the set eggs. Fertility duration and sperm penetration rate were higher in partridges receiving FO and (or) CT, but chick quality, and embryonic mortality were not affected by the treatment effect. Administration of CT or FO + CT decreased the serum ALT and AST levels. Administration of FO or CT was associated with a lower expression of TGF-β mRNA in the UVJ mucosa. Oral administration of FO resulted in a reduction in the expression of TRAP6 in the UVJ mucosa. However, the birds fed with CT or FO + CT recorded a higher mRNA expression for TRAP6. Although the reproductive performance and TRAP6 expression were higher following the feeding of FO or FO + CT, expression of TGF-β was decreased, suggesting plausibly that TGF-β may not have a determinant effect on the reproductive attributes in female Chukar partridges. Further studies are required to understand the mechanisms underlying the effects of TRAP6 and TGF-β on other reproductive criteria in partridges.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2021.03.018DOI Listing
July 2021

Spermatotoxic Effects of Single-Walled and Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes on Male Mice.

Front Vet Sci 2020 17;7:591558. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

College of Life Sciences, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, China.

Carbon-based nanomaterials possess a remarkably high potential for biomedical applications due to their physical properties; however, their detrimental effects on reproduction are also concerned. Several reports indicate the toxicity of carbon nanotubes (CNT); nevertheless, their impact on intracellular organelles in the male reproductive organs has not been fully elucidated. Herein, we report on the reprotoxicity of single-walled (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCN) on several intracellular events and histological criteria in pubertal male BALB/c mice orally treated with 0, 10, and 50 mg/kg/day doses for 5 weeks. Biomarkers of oxidative stress and mitochondrial functionality, histopathological alterations, and epididymal sperm characteristics were determined. Oral administration of CNTs at 10 and 50 mg/kg evoked a significant decrement in weight coefficient, sperm viability and motility, hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test, sperm count, mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity, ATP content, total antioxidant capacity, and GSH/GSSH ratio in the testis and epididymal spermatozoa. On the other hand, percent abnormal sperm, testicular and sperm TBARS contents, protein carbonylation, ROS formation, oxidized glutathione level, and sperm mitochondrial depolarization were considerably increased. Significant histopathological and stereological alterations in the testis occurred in the groups challenged with CNTs. The current findings indicated that oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment might substantially impact CNTs-induced reproductive system injury and sperm toxicity. The results can also be used to establish environmental standards for CNT consumption by mammals, produce new chemicals for controlling the rodent populations, and develop therapeutic approaches against CNTs-associated reproductive anomalies in the males exposed daily to these nanoparticles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.591558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7775657PMC
December 2020

Detrimental effects of long-term exposure to heavy metals on histology, size and trace elements of testes and sperm parameters in Kermani Sheep.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Jan 4;207:111563. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Sari Agricultural Science and Natural Resources University, Farah Abad, Sari, Iran. Electronic address:

Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has been hypothesized as a cause of declining sheep reproductive efficiency. Understanding the long-term effects of EDCs such as heavy metals on reproductive health requires investigation in 'real life' of sheep that are reared in industrial areas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term exposure of Kermani rams to high levels of environmental heavy metals probably emitted from a copper smelter at KhatoonAbad in ShahreBabak, Kerman province. Testicular characteristics were determined in randomly-selected rams (3-4 years old) at 4 directions (south, north, east, and west) and 4 distances (10, 20, 30, and 40 km) from the smelter. Testicular trace element contents, size, serum testosterone, histological attributes and seminal characteristics, except semen volume, were affected by both the direction and the distance from the smelter (P < 0.05). Testicular contents of Pb, Cd, Cr, and Ni, and sperm abnormalities were higher at 10 km south from the smelter and lower at 40 km west. Other parameters were higher at 40 km west and lower at 10 km south. Interestingly, the testicular contents of Cu at 10 km south were lower and associated with higher sperm abnormalities in the rams reared closer to the smelter. The highest weight, length and circumference of the testis were found at 40 km west. The lowest concentration of testosterone was observed at 10 km south, being 92.6% lower than the highest values obtained at 40 km west. The diameter of seminiferous tubules and epithelial height at 10 km south were 8.9% and 27.5% lower than the highest values obtained at 40 km west. A positive correlation between Pb, Cd, Cr and Ni contents in the testis with sperm abnormalities, and a negative correlation between these elements with the other parameters were found. It was concluded that long-term exposure to heavy metals might have been a cause of decreased fertility in rams and probably other living species in this region.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.111563DOI Listing
January 2021

Protective Effect of Quercetin on Testis Structure and Apoptosis Against Lead Acetate Toxicity: an Stereological Study.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2020 Oct 27. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Transplant Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Exposure to environmental pollutants tightly impacts on the male fertility. In the present study, we examined the toxic effects of lead acetate (Pb) on testicular structure and the possible effect of quercetin on mitigating these effects. The apoptotic changes in the testes were also studied by the TUNEL assay and changes in apoptosis-related gene (Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3) expression. Twenty-one male mice were randomly divided into 3 groups of control, Pb, and lead acetate + quercetin. Testicular weight, both absolute and relative, was higher in Pb-exposed mice in comparison with the control and Pb-quercetin groups. The increase in size of testis was related to the lumen and connective tissue in this group. Lead acetate induced different patterns in testicular cell number; as spermatogonia, spermatocyte, and Sertoli cells number did not affect in lead acetate exposed group, while total number of round spermatids and long spermatids significantly reduced. In addition, Bcl-2 expression was downregulated, and Bax expression was upregulated in Pb-treated group in comparison with the control and Pb + quercetin groups. The TUNEL assay revealed that the number of apoptotic cells in Pb-treated group were increaed significantley in comparison to other groups. In conclusion, Pb administration adversely impacted on the cellular organization and activation of the apoptotic pathways in the testis; on the other hand, quercetin co-administration with lead partially ameliorated these adverse effects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-020-02454-8DOI Listing
October 2020