Publications by authors named "M Eleftheriou"

23 Publications

Early lung ultrasound assessment for the prognosis of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia. A pilot study.

Respir Med Res 2021 Jun 4;80:100832. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospitals KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Objective: SARS CoV-2 is an epidemic viral infection that can cause mild to severe lung involvement. Newly apprehended knowledge on thoracic imaging abnormalities and the growing clinical experience on the evolution of this disease make the radiographic follow-up of hospitalized patients relevant. The value of consecutive bedside lung ultrasonography in the follow-up of hospitalized patients with SARS CoV-2 pneumonia and its correlation with other clinical and laboratory markers needs to be evaluated.

Methods: We assessed 39 patients [age: 64 y(60.1-68.7)] with confirmed SARS CoV-2 pneumonia. A total of 24 patients were hospitalized until the follow-up test, 9 were discharged early and 6 required a transfer to critical care unit. Two ultrasound scans of the lung were performed on day 1 and 4 of patients' hospitalization. Primary endpoint was the magnitude of association between a global lung ultrasound score (LUS) and clinical and laboratory markers. Secondary endpoint was the association between the evolution of LUS with the corresponded changes in clinical and laboratory outcomes during hospitalization period.

Results: LUS score on admission was higher among the deteriorating patients and significantly (P=0.038-0.0001) correlated (Spearman's rho) with the levels of C-reactive protein (0.58), lymphocytes (-0.33), SpO (-0.48) and oxygen supplementation (0.48) upon admission. The increase in LUS score between the two scans was significantly correlated (0.544, P=0.006) with longer hospital stay.

Conclusion: Lung ultrasound assessment can be a useful as an imaging modality for SARS CoV-2 patients. Larger studies are needed to further investigate the predictive role of LUS in the duration and the outcome of the hospitalization of these patients.
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June 2021

Open versus endovascular repair for extracranial carotid aneurysms.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Vascular Surgery Unit, First Department of Propedeutic Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hippocration Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms (ECCAs) are rare; however, they are associated with a high risk of stroke and mortality if untreated. In the present review, we compared the major outcomes between open and endovascular repair of ECCAs.

Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library for clinical studies reported online up to September 2020 that had evaluated major outcomes after both open and endovascular repair of ECCAs. Eligible studies were required to have evaluated at least the 30-day mortality or stroke and/or transient ischemic attack rates. The quality of the studies was also evaluated.

Results: Overall, seven studies (three high quality, two medium quality, and two low quality) with 374 patients and 383 ECCAs were eligible. All the studies had been reported from 2004 to 2020. In total, 220 open repairs were compared with 81 endovascular repairs. The open and endovascular treatments showed similar 30-day mortality rates (4% vs 0%; pooled odds ratio [OR], 2.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.291-24.451) and stroke and transient ischemic attack rates (5.5% vs 1.2%; pooled OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 0.412-4.886). Open repair was associated in six studies with a greater incidence of cranial nerve injury compared with endovascular repair (14.5% vs 0%; OR, 3.98; 95% CI, 1.178-13.471). The hematoma or bleeding rate was also similar between the two methods in six studies (5.2% vs 0%; OR, 1.92; 95% CI, 0.518-7.094).

Conclusions: Open and endovascular repair of ECCAs is associated with similarly low early mortality and cerebrovascular event rates, although open repair showed a greater risk of cranial nerve injuries. An endovascular approach could be more appropriate when the aneurysm is located distally or requires extensive dissection. More studies are needed with standardized follow-up durations to evaluate late outcomes.
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April 2021

Small-molecule inhibition of METTL3 as a strategy against myeloid leukaemia.

Nature 2021 May 26;593(7860):597-601. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Milner Therapeutics Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

N-methyladenosine (mA) is an abundant internal RNA modification that is catalysed predominantly by the METTL3-METTL14 methyltransferase complex. The mA methyltransferase METTL3 has been linked to the initiation and maintenance of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), but the potential of therapeutic applications targeting this enzyme remains unknown. Here we present the identification and characterization of STM2457, a highly potent and selective first-in-class catalytic inhibitor of METTL3, and a crystal structure of STM2457 in complex with METTL3-METTL14. Treatment of tumours with STM2457 leads to reduced AML growth and an increase in differentiation and apoptosis. These cellular effects are accompanied by selective reduction of mA levels on known leukaemogenic mRNAs and a decrease in their expression consistent with a translational defect. We demonstrate that pharmacological inhibition of METTL3 in vivo leads to impaired engraftment and prolonged survival in various mouse models of AML, specifically targeting key stem cell subpopulations of AML. Collectively, these results reveal the inhibition of METTL3 as a potential therapeutic strategy against AML, and provide proof of concept that the targeting of RNA-modifying enzymes represents a promising avenue for anticancer therapy.
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May 2021

Long-Term Manometric Impact of the Adjustable Gastric Band on Esophageal Motility: a Prospective Case-Control Study.

Obes Surg 2021 07 26;31(7):3333-3336. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Surgery, Hippocration General Hospital of Athens, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 114 Vasilissis Sofias Avenue, Ampelokipoi, 115 27, Athens, Greece.

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July 2021