Publications by authors named "M E Martinuzzo"

72 Publications

Management of factor XI deficiency in oncological liver and colorectal surgery by therapeutic plasma exchange: A case report.

Transfus Apher Sci 2021 May 31:103176. Epub 2021 May 31.

Transfusion Medicine Deparment, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is a rare congenital hemostatic disorder associated with increased bleeding tendency in trauma, surgery or when other hemostatic defects are present. Perioperative hemostatic management of a patient with a severe FXI deficiency undergoing major oncological liver and colorectal surgery with therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) with fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is reported.

Case Description: A 54-year-old male with severe FXI deficiency was scheduled for resection of synchronous rectal cancer and multiple liver metastases. Baseline prothrombin time (PT) was 97 %, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) 89 s(s) and FXI levels <1 IU/dL. The rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM™) presented a prolonged INTEM clotting time (CT) = 443 s (RV 100-240 s) and a clot formation time (CFT) = 110 s (RV 30-100 s). TPE with FFP was carried out achieving FXI levels up to 46 IU/dL and an aPTT of 33 s, normalizing thromboelastometry parameters to an INTEM CT = 152 s and a CFT = 86 s before the procedure. After surgery, the patient received daily FFP to maintain FXI levels above 30 IU/dL until discharge on the eighth day. A total of 30 FFP units were transfused during hospital stay. No significant bleeding events neither transfusion related complications were observed during the perioperative period.

Conclusion: Given the lack of correlation between FXI levels and bleeding risk, a multidisciplinary approach based on daily FXI levels monitoring, close clinical assessment and factor supplementation is mandatory. In conclusion, TPE with FFP is an efficacious alternative strategy to correct severe FXI deficiency in patients undergoing major surgery.
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May 2021

Guidance from the Scientific and Standardization Committee for lupus anticoagulant/antiphospholipid antibodies of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis: Update of the guidelines for lupus anticoagulant detection and interpretation.

J Thromb Haemost 2020 11;18(11):2828-2839

Haemostasis Research Unit, Department of Haematology, University College London, London, UK.

This guidance focuses on methodological aspects of lupus anticoagulant (LA) testing, as well as interpretation of results for clinicians. The main changes in how to test for LA compared with the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis Scientific and Standardization Committee 2009 guidelines, in the preanalytical phase are more detailed recommendations on how to handle testing in anticoagulated patients, and the timing of testing. Also, routine coagulation tests are advised to obtain more information on the coagulation background of the patient, and when necessary, anti-Xa activity measurement for heparins or specific assays for direct oral anticoagulants should be performed. The three-step procedure with two test systems (diluted Russell's viper venom time and activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT]) is essentially not changed. Silica remains the preferable activator in the aPTT assays, but ellagic acid is not excluded. We advise simultaneous performance of the mixing and confirmatory step, in each sample with a prolonged screening test. The confirmatory step can also be performed on a mixture of patient plasma and normal pooled plasma. Cutoff values should be established in-house on at least 120 normals, with transference of the manufacturer's cutoffs as an alternative. Reporting of results has not been changed, although more attention is focused on what clinicians should know. Patient selection for LA testing has been expanded.
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November 2020

Acquired factor XIII deficiency in patients under therapeutic plasma exchange: A poorly explored etiology.

J Clin Apher 2021 Feb 17;36(1):59-66. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Applied Biochemistry, Section of Hematology and Hemostasis, Central Laboratory, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. Instituto Universitario del Hospital Italiano, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: Factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency may cause bleeding under certain clinical circumstances. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) may lead to a transient deficiency.

Objectives: To describe the clinical evolution of patients with acquired FXIII deficiency secondary to TPE.

Methods: We respectively studied a cohort of consecutive patients from 2014 to 2019 who were treated with TPE with FXIII levels <50%. The FXIII was measured after the start of the TPE course, on days between the TPE sessions, due to suspected acquired deficiency. All TPE were performed using continuous flow cell separator. In all cases, the initial replacement fluid applied was albumin. Apheresis procedures were held at 24to 48 hours intervals.

Results: Eighteen patients were included, 13 of them were recipients of kidney transplants. The main TPE prescription was humoral rejection. Median FXIII at diagnosis (measured on days between sessions of the TPE course) was 19%(IQR17-25). The median of apheresis procedures before measurement of FXIII was 3(IQR2-4). Among the total cohort, 10 patients suffered hemorrhages. None of the patients without history of kidney transplants had bleeding (n = 5), however, 10/13 with kidney transplants did. Five kidney transplant patients received therapy with FXIII concentrate because of life-threatening bleeding. In all cases, the bleeding stopped within the first 24 hours. All patients had their FXIII levels measured again after finishing the TPE course, with normal results.

Conclusions: TPE is an under-diagnosed cause of acquired FXIII deficiency since routine coagulation tests remain unaltered. It might cause major bleeding, particularly in patients with a recent history of surgery like kidney transplants.
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February 2021

[Argentine Consensus in effective management of anticoagulation clinics for the use of vitamin k antagonists].

Medicina (B Aires) 2020 ;80 Suppl 4:1-26

Laboratorio LAHT SRL, Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina.

Treating an anticoagulated patient with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) remains a challenge, especially in areas where dicoumarins are still the first drug of choice due to the cost of other oral anticoagulants. Anticoagulation clinics have proven to be the most efficient and safe way to avoid thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications and to keep patients in optimal treatment range. However, they require adequate infrastructure and trained personnel to work properly. In this Argentine consensus we propose a series of guidelines for the effective management of the anticoagulation clinics. The goal is to achieve the excellence in both the clinical healthcare and the hemostasis laboratory for the anticoagulated patient. The criteria developed in the document were agreed upon by a large group of expert specialists in hematology and biochemistry from all over the country. The criteria presented here must always be considered when indicating VKA although they had to be adapted to the unequal reality of each center. Taking these premises into consideration will allow us to optimize the management of the anticoagulated patient with VKA and thus minimize thrombotic and hemorrhagic intercurrences, in order to honor our promise not to harm the patient.
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September 2020

Nonimmune-acquired factor XIII deficiency: a cause of high volume and delayed postoperative hemorrhage.

Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2020 Dec;31(8):511-516

Section of Hematology and Hemostasis, Department of Applied Biochemistry, Central Laboratory, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Instituto universitario del Hospital Italiano, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

: Factor XIII (FXIII) levels may decrease because of surgical consumption. Acquired FXIII deficiency could be a cause of postoperative hemorrhage usually underdiagnosed in clinical practice. To determine the diagnosis confirmation rate of acquired FXIII deficiency in postsurgical patients with clinical suspicion and to compare the characteristics and evolution of patients with or without FXIII deficiency. We performed a retrospective cohort study, which included 49 inpatients who were attended at our university hospital from 2014 to 2018 with suspicion of acquired FXIII deficiency because of disproportionate postoperative hemorrhage. FXIIIA levels less than 50% was considered a deficiency. Persistence of bleeding for more than 48 h, drop in hematocrit points, red blood cells transfused units, hemoglobin levels 12-36 h after bleeding, and time elapsed from the procedure to the bleeding were assessed as outcome variables. Logistic regression was employed for both univariate and multivariate analyses. Of the 49 patients included, 27(55%) had FXIII deficiency, with a median level of 34% [interquartile range (IQR) 19-42]. Abdominal surgery was the most common [n = 21 (43%)]. All patients had routine coagulation tests within the hemostatic range. FXIII deficiency was associated with a drop of more than 4 points in hematocrit [OR 59.69 (95% CI 4.71-755.30)], red blood transfused units >2 [OR 45.38 (95% CI 3.48-590.65)], and delayed bleeding >36 h after surgery [OR 100.90 (95% CI 3.78-2695.40)]. Plasma-derived FXIII concentrate was administered to eight patients with life-threatening bleeding with resolution within 24 h. Only one deficient patient died from bleeding. FXIII levels were measured 15 days after diagnosis or more in 20 out of 27 deficient patients, with normal results. Acquired FXIII deficiency may be a frequent underdiagnosed entity that should be considered when high-volume and delayed postoperative hemorrhage is present in patients with hemostatic routine coagulation test results.
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December 2020