Publications by authors named "M C Noushad"

16 Publications

Antibacterial Efficacy of Muringa Seed Extract and Potato Peel Extract Against .

Contemp Clin Dent 2020 Oct-Dec;11(4):327-331. Epub 2020 Dec 20.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India.

Background: Elimination of infection and prevention of reinfection should be the main goal in the treatment of apical periodontitis. The most challenging part of endodontics is the complete disinfection of root canal system. Herbal alternatives have emerged as the more biofriendly approach in root canal irrigation and disinfection.

Aim And Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of natural extracts like muringa seed and potato peel extract against Enterococcus faecalis.

Materials And Methods: The antimicrobial activity was determined using agar diffusion test. The solutions were divided into three groups: Group I- Muringa seed extract, Group II- potato peel extract, and Group III-5.25% sodium hypochlorite. The zones of inhibition of growth were recorded. The strain used for this study was Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212.

Results And Conclusion: Muringa seed extract (Group I) demonstrated the best result among the tested solutions. Although there was no significant difference between potato peel extract (Group II) and 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (Group III). Within the limitations of this study, herbal extracts tested has shown significant antimicrobial action against Enterococcus faecalis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ccd.ccd_223_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8035844PMC
December 2020

Diaphragmatic paralysis resulting in respiratory failure as a feature of hepatitis E virus-associated neuralgic amyotrophy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 13;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Neurology, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Plymouth, UK.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV)-associated neuralgic amyotrophy (NA) is often bilateral and severe, involving structures outside the brachial plexus, such as the phrenic nerves or the lumbosacral plexus. We report a case of an HEV-positive man who had presented with brachial neuritis, with significant phrenic nerve involvement, resulting in diaphragmatic paralysis requiring non-invasive ventilation. Prognosis of HEV-associated NA is often unfavourable and recovery is usually incomplete. Identifying HEV-associated NA early could potentially aid in prognostication and management planning, as clinicians and patients would be expectant of its potential features and severity. Respiratory function should be monitored in patients with HEV who suffer from NA, as diaphragmatic paralysis could potentially lead to severe respiration difficulties requiring ventilatory support.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-242113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8051363PMC
April 2021

COVID-19: Is herd immunity the only option for fragile Yemen?

Int J Infect Dis 2021 May 15;106:79-82. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

School of Social Sciences, Main Campus, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

The first case of COVID-19 in Yemen was confirmed on 10 April 2020. Having faced with a six-year long conflict that has destroyed half of its healthcare facilities and displaced millions, predictions of infections and mortality in Yemen suggested a looming healthcare catastrophe. Difficulty in implementing coordinated lockdowns and preventive measures due to the daily labor working nature of the majority of the population, provided the perfect breeding ground for the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, official figures of infections and mortality are very low and there have not been confirmed reports of excess mortality. This could indicate that Yemen is silently marching towards forced herd immunity. Seroprevalence studies will provide useful insight into the COVID-19 transmission trajectory in Yemen, which can serve as a guide in planning vaccine distribution strategies and allocating the limited funds wisely.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2021.03.030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7959686PMC
May 2021

COVID-19 case fatality rates can be highly misleading in resource-poor and fragile nations: the case of Yemen.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Apr 8;27(4):509-510. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

School of Social Sciences, Main Campus, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2021.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7836539PMC
April 2021

A bibliometric review of top 50 cited articles published in the Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy from 2004 to 2019.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020 Sep 14;31:101927. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Department of Restorative and Prosthetic Dentistry, Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The aim of the article was to identify the top 50 cited articles in the journal of Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy during 2004-2019.

Methods: The online search was conducted on Scopus database to retrieve all the articles published during 2004-2019 in the journal of Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy. The papers were identified and ranked as per the citation counts >42. Additionally the authors; institute and country of origin; type of study and availability of funding in these highly cited articles was identified. VOS viewer software was used to analyze the occurrence of most commonly used keywords by the authors.

Results: Majority of the highly cited studies published during last 15 years were literature reviews (n = 34) followed by the qualitative/quantitative studies (n = 15). The largest number of articles published were single nations without any collaborations (n = 45). The institutes publishing highest number of top cited articles included Massachusetts General Hospital, East Carolina University, 21 st Century Oncology, The Norwegian Radium Hospital and Trinity College Dublin. The country with largest number of top cited articles was USA. The keyword most commonly associated with the 50 top cited articles was 'Photodynamic therapy'.

Conclusion: Extensively, various specialties of medicine and dentistry have been explored in the last 15 years in the journal of Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy. Based on citatations, we have highlighted those that can be considered as classic research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101927DOI Listing
September 2020