Publications by authors named "M A Ngabea"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Correlation between Echocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and various Electrocardiographic Criteria of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy among Black Hypertensives.

West Afr J Med 2021 Jul;38(7):695-700

Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto.

Background: Systemic hypertension remains an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and a major global public health problem. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a recognized complication of systemic hypertension and strongly predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In Nigeria, few studies have evaluated the correlation of ECG criteria in the diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy among hypertensives and almost all the previous studies on ECG LVH used only one or two criteria. This study sets out to determine the correlations between various ECG criteria of LVH and echocardiographic LVH among patients with hypertension using six ECG LVH criteria.

Methods: One hundred and seventy-eight hypertensives and eighty- nine age and sex matched controls were recruited consecutively into the study. All participants including hypertensives and control subjects had echocardiography whereas only hypertensive subjects had both echocardiography and ECG. ECG LVH was determined using Sokolow-Lyon, Cornell voltage, Goldberger, Massoleini, Romhilt-Estes and Cornell duration product ECG criteria.

Results: Sokolow-Lyon and Cornell voltage criteria had significant positive correlation with echocardiographic LVH (p=0.001 and 0.003, respectively). Although Goldberger and Massoleini criteria had positive correlation coefficients, these were not statistically significant.

Conclusion: There are significant correlations between echocardiographic LVH and ECG LVH determined by Cornell voltage and Sokolow-Lyon criteria.
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July 2021

Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Asymptomatic Black Hypertensive Subjects.

Am J Hypertens 2015 Jul 23;28(7):924-9. Epub 2015 Jan 23.

Faculty of Medicine, Hatter Institute of Cardiovascular Research in Africa, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Hypertension has been established as one of the commonest causes of heart failure especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We have previously observed a high prevalence of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in hypertensive heart failure patients in Nigeria despite a low prevalence of ischemic heart disease. The present study was, therefore, undertaken to assess the prevalence of asymptomatic LV systolic dysfunction in hypertensive black African subjects with no history of heart failure.

Methods: One thousand nine hundred forty-seven hypertensive subjects without heart failure presenting to the Cardiology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, from April 2006 to August 2013 had clinical and echocardiographic evaluation.

Results: Nine hundred fifty-three (48.9%) were males and 994 (51.1%) were females. One thousand eight hundred seventeen (93.3%) had normal LV systolic function (LV ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 54%), 68 (3.5%) had mild LV systolic dysfunction (LVEF 45-54%), 43 (2.3%) had moderate LV systolic dysfunction (LVEF 30-44%), and 16 (0.9%) had severe LV systolic dysfunction (LVEF < 30%). Male subjects had worse LV systolic function compared to women (mean LVEF 73.2% vs. 75.6%, P value < 0.0001) and diabetic subjects had worse LV systolic function compared to nondiabetic subjects (LVEF 72.3% vs. 75.7%, P = 0.02). In multivariate regression analysis, lower LVEF as a continuous variable was associated with older age, male sex, diabetes mellitus, LV mass indexed for body surface area, diastolic blood pressure, posterior wall thickness in diastole, left atrial diameter, and LV internal diameter in diastole.

Conclusions: In a cohort of asymptomatic Black hypertensive subjects, 6.7% had LV systolic dysfunction, which was associated with male gender, diabetes mellitus, and larger LV mass.
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July 2015