Publications by authors named "Luz Vega"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Graft infusion of adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells to prevent rejection in experimental intestinal transplantation: A feasibility study.

Clin Transplant 2021 04 5;35(4):e14226. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

TransplantChild ERN, Idipaz Institute, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been proposed as a promising complement to standard immunosuppression in solid organ transplantation because of their immunomodulatory properties. The present work addresses the role of adipose-derived MSC (Ad-MSC) in an experimental model of acute rejection in small bowel transplantation (SBT).

Material/methods: Heterotopic allogeneic SBT was performed. A single dose of 1.5x106 Ad-MSC was intra-arterially delivered just before graft reperfusion. Animals were divided into CONTROL (CTRL), CONTROL+Ad-MSC (CTRL_MSC), tacrolimus (TAC), and TAC+Ad-MSC (TAC_MSC) groups. Each Ad-MSC groups was subdivided in autologous and allogeneic third-party groups.

Results: Rejection rate and severity were similar in MSC-treated and untreated animals. CTRL_MSC animals showed a decrease in macrophages, T-cell (CD4, CD8, and Foxp3 subsets) and B-cell counts in the graft compared with CTRL, this decrease was attenuated in TAC_MSC animals. Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and some chemokines and growth factors increased in CTRL_MSC animals, especially in the allogeneic group, whereas milder changes were seen in the TAC groups.

Conclusion: Ad-MSC did not prevent rejection when administered just before reperfusion. However, they showed immunomodulatory effects that could be relevant for a longer-term outcome. Interference between tacrolimus and the MSC effects should be addressed in further studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14226DOI Listing
April 2021

Oncogenic transformation induced by cell-free nucleic acids circulating in plasma (genometastasis) remains after the surgical resection of the primary tumor: a pilot study.

Expert Opin Biol Ther 2012 Jun 8;12 Suppl 1:S61-8. Epub 2012 May 8.

Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Paseo Castellana 261, 28046 - Madrid, Spain.

Background: The oncogenic transformation by cell-free nucleic acids circulating in plasma has been named as genometastasis. The feasibility of this phenomenon has been demonstrated and now it is necessary to value the impact of this phenomenon and to determine what conditions could promote or inhibit it. The goal of this study was to examine the transforming ability of plasma from colorectal cancer patients in a long-term follow-up after the surgical excision of the primary tumor, and to try correlate it with the clinical picture of patients.

Materials And Methods: Blood samples were taken from eight patients with K-ras-mutated colorectal tumors, who were under surgical primary tumor resection at least 2 years before. Plasma was isolated by two centrifugations and added to cultures of NIH-3T3 cells and human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). In two cases, plasma was separated from cells by a membrane with 0.4-μm pores. The presence of mutated and non-mutated human K-ras sequences was tested by real-time PCR in cultured cells. After 30 days, cells were subcutaneously injected into athymic nude mice in order to test their ability to generate tumors.

Results: In four of the eight patients analyzed after surgery, tumor DNA was detected in plasma. Plasmas from three of them were able to oncogenically transform NIH-3T3 cells in culture and, when those cells were injected in mice, carcinomas were generated. After a 2-year follow-up, metastases were found in two of the three patients whose plasmas were able to transform cells, and in two of the four in whom plasma tumor DNA was not detected. Thus, after a mean follow-up of 29.5 months, only four of 13 patients (30.8%) were alive and disease-free.

Conclusion: Primary tumor resection does not assure a complete clean of blood of circulating oncogenes, in spite of a disease-free clinical picture. Moreover, in some cases plasma kept their oncogenic capabilities. The value of these findings as prognosis factor remains unclear and needs further investigations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1517/14712598.2012.685151DOI Listing
June 2012

Impact of the clinical context on the 14-3-3 test for the diagnosis of sporadic CJD.

BMC Neurol 2006 Jul 26;6:25. Epub 2006 Jul 26.

Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Background: The 14-3-3 test appears to be a valuable aid for the clinical diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) in selected populations. However, its usefulness in routine practice has been challenged. In this study, the influence of the clinical context on the performance of the 14-3-3 test for the diagnosis of sCJD is investigated through the analysis of a large prospective clinical series.

Methods: Six hundred seventy-two Spanish patients with clinically suspected sCJD were analyzed. Clinical classification at sample reception according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) criteria (excluding the 14-3-3 test result) was used to explore the influence of the clinical context on the pre-test probabilities, and positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values of the 14-3-3 test.

Results: Predictive values of the test varied greatly according to the initial clinical classification: PPV of 98.8%, 96.5% and 45.0%, and NPV of 26.1%, 66.6% and 100% for probable sCJDi (n = 115), possible sCJDi (n = 73) and non-sCJDi (n = 484) cases, respectively. According to multivariate and Bayesian analyses, these values represent an improvement of diagnostic certainty compared to clinical data alone.

Conclusion: In three different contexts of sCJD suspicion, the 14-3-3 assay provides useful information complementary to clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) data. The test is most useful supporting a clinical impression, whilst it may show deceptive when it is not in agreement with clinical data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2377-6-25DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1570138PMC
July 2006
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