Publications by authors named "Ludwig von Rohden"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ultrasound texture-based CAD system for detecting neuromuscular diseases.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2015 Sep 2;10(9):1493-503. Epub 2014 Dec 2.

Department of Simulation and Graphics, Otto von Guericke University, Universitätsplatz 2, 39106, Magdeburg, Germany,

Purpose: Diagnosis of neuromuscular diseases in ultrasonography is a challenging task since experts are often unable to discriminate between healthy and pathological cases. A computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for skeletal muscle ultrasonography was developed and tested for myositis detection in ultrasound images of biceps brachii.

Methods: Several types of features were extracted from rectangular and polygonal image regions-of-interest (ROIs), including first-order statistics, wavelet-based features, and Haralick's features. Features were chosen that are sensitive to the change in contrast and structure for pathological ultrasound images of neuromuscular diseases. The number of features was reduced by applying different sequential feature selection strategies followed by a supervised principal component analysis. For classification, two linear approaches were investigated: Fisher's classifier and the linear support vector machine (SVM) as well as the nonlinear [Formula: see text]-nearest neighbor approach. The CAD system was benchmarked on datasets of 18 subjects, seven of which were healthy, while 11 were affected by myositis. Three expert radiologists provided pre-classification and testing interpretations.

Results: Leave-one-out cross-validation on the training data revealed that the linear SVM was best suited for discriminating healthy and pathological muscle tissue, achieving 85/87 % accuracy, 90 % sensitivity, and 83/85 % specificity, depending on the radiologist.

Conclusion: A muscle ultrasonography CAD system was developed, allowing a classification of an ultrasound image by one-click positioning of rectangular ROIs with minimal user effort. The applicability of the system was demonstrated with the challenging example of myositis detection, showing highly accurate results that were robust to imprecise user input.
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September 2015

Visualization of the focus in congenital hyperinsulinism by intraoperative sonography.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2011 Feb;20(1):28-31

Pediatric Radiology, O. v. Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany.

In surgery for focal congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI), the identification and complete resection of the focus without collateral damage is of utmost importance. In a pilot study we applied intra-abdominal high-frequency sonography during surgery for focal CHI in 2 infants. The focus could be identified, its relation to the pancreatic and common bile duct could be shown, and the typical octopus-like tentacles could be demonstrated. In one case the resection was successful; in the other it was not. These preliminary results suggest that intraoperative sonography could be a valuable tool in the surgical therapy of focal CHI and warrants further evaluation in a clinical study.
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February 2011

Meconium-induced periorchitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2009 1;2009. Epub 2009 Sep 1.

University Hospital, Magdeburg (Germany), Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Leipziger Strasse 44, Magdeburg, 39120, Germany.

A testicular tumour-like lesion or a solid extratesticular mass are serious postnatal problems with a broad spectrum of inflammatory or tumorous causes and possible differential diagnoses. In this case report, an extraordinary case of a newborn boy with a rare cause of a periorchitis is described.A premature boy infant (25-year-old mother with obesity) was diagnosed as having a disturbance of prosperity. A plain film of the abdomen showed a dilated intestine (no pathological findings in abdominal ultrasound, in particular, no ascites). After 3 postnatal months of clinical observation at the hospital including temporary parenteral nutrition, hydrocele at both sides was diagnosed. Therefore, the boy underwent surgical exploration. Intraoperatively, the processus vaginalis peritonei was surprisingly filled with meconium; because of that, the situs was extensively rinsed. In addition, the boy underwent an operation for the right and left hydrocele. The testes were preserved (on follow-up investigation there were no further problems).Pathohistological investigation confirmed meconium periorchitis, which is a rare postnatal disease and which can only develop in cases of former meconium peritonitis and if the processus vaginalis peritonei is open. The precise details of cause and pathophysiology in this case may significantly help in avoiding unnecessary orchiectomy.
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November 2011