Publications by authors named "Lucia Iuzzolino"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Thieno[3,2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxamides as New Reversible Inhibitors of Histone Lysine Demethylase KDM1A/LSD1. Part 1: High-Throughput Screening and Preliminary Exploration.

J Med Chem 2017 03 27;60(5):1673-1692. Epub 2017 Feb 27.

Department of Experimental Oncology, Academic Drug Discovery, European Institute of Oncology , Via Adamello 16, 20139 Milano, Italy.

Lysine specific demethylase 1 KDM1A (LSD1) regulates histone methylation and it is increasingly recognized as a potential therapeutic target in oncology. We report on a high-throughput screening campaign performed on KDM1A/CoREST, using a time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET) technology, to identify reversible inhibitors. The screening led to 115 hits for which we determined biochemical IC, thus identifying four chemical series. After data analysis, we have prioritized the chemical series of N-phenyl-4H-thieno[3, 2-b]pyrrole-5-carboxamide for which we obtained X-ray structures of the most potent hit (compound 19, IC = 2.9 μM) in complex with the enzyme. Initial expansion of this chemical class, both modifying core structure and decorating benzamide moiety, was directed toward the definition of the moieties responsible for the interaction with the enzyme. Preliminary optimization led to compound 90, which inhibited the enzyme with a submicromolar IC (0.162 μM), capable of inhibiting the target in cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b01018DOI Listing
March 2017

Engineering of a monomeric fluorescent protein AsGFP499 and its applications in a dual translocation and transcription assay.

Protein Eng Des Sel 2008 Oct 1;21(10):613-22. Epub 2008 Aug 1.

Axxam SpA, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, Italy.

The tetrameric green fluorescent protein AsGFP(499) from the sea anemone Anemonia sulcata was converted into a dimeric and monomeric protein by site-directed mutagenesis. The protein was engineered without prior knowledge of its crystal structure based on a sequence alignment of multiple proteins belonging to the GFP-family. Crucial residues for oligomerisation of AsGFP(499) were predicted and selected for mutation. By introduction of a single site mutation (S103K) the A/B subunit was disrupted whereas two substitutions were necessary to separate the A/C subunit (T159K/F173E). This method can be applied as a general predictive method for designing monomeric proteins from multimeric fluorescent proteins. The maturation temperature was optimised to 37 degrees C by a combination of Site-directed and random mutagenesis. In cell-based assays, the NFATc1A (nuclear factor of activated T-cells, subtype 1, isoform A)-AsGFP(499) chimera formed massive cytoplasmic aggregates in HeLa cells, which prevented the shuttling of NFATc1A into the nucleus and consequentially its transcriptional activity. In contrast, the cells expressing the NFATc1A in fusion with our engineered dimeric and monomeric fluorescent mutants were homogeneously distributed throughout the cytoplasm, making these stable cell lines functional in both translocation and transcriptonal assays. This new dual cellular assay will allow the screening and discovery of new drugs that target NFAT cellular processes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/protein/gzn040DOI Listing
October 2008

Dimerization controls the lipid raft partitioning of uPAR/CD87 and regulates its biological functions.

EMBO J 2003 Nov;22(22):5994-6003

Molecular Genetics Unit, Department of Molecular Biology and Functional Genomics, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, Italy.

The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR/CD87) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane protein with multiple functions in extracellular proteolysis, cell adhesion, cell migration and proliferation. We now report that cell surface uPAR dimerizes and that dimeric uPAR partitions preferentially to detergent-resistant lipid rafts. Dimerization of uPAR did not require raft partitioning as the lowering of membrane cholesterol failed to reduce dimerization and as a transmembrane uPAR chimera, which does not partition to lipid rafts, also dimerized efficiently. While uPA bound to uPAR independently of its membrane localization and dimerization status, uPA-induced uPAR cleavage was strongly accelerated in lipid rafts. In contrast to uPA, the binding of Vn occurred preferentially to raft- associated dimeric uPAR and was completely blocked by cholesterol depletion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/emboj/cdg588DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC275445PMC
November 2003

First steps towards time-resolved BioXAS at room temperature: state transitions of the manganese complex of oxygenic photosynthesis.

J Synchrotron Radiat 2002 Sep 31;9(Pt 5):304-8. Epub 2002 Aug 31.

Freie Universität Berlin, FB Physik, Arnimallee 14, D-14195 Berlin, Germany.

Structural changes and redox transitions at the metal atoms of the active site are essential for the understanding of the catalytic mechanisms of biological metalloenzymes. First steps towards studying these processes by time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy on protein samples (BioXAS) are reported. Photosystem II (PSII) catalyses the light-driven oxidation of bound water molecules at a tetranuclear manganese complex yielding the molecular oxygen of the atmosphere. In this work, first time-resolved XAS results under quasi-physiological conditions (at room temperature, non-crystalline samples) on PSII are presented. Perspectives of time-resolved BioXAS are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/s0909049502012955DOI Listing
September 2002