Publications by authors named "Lori A Chase"

2 Publications

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Correcting the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery "Illusion of Validity" in Laparoscopic Vaginal Cuff Suturing.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2021 May 16. Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Medical and Surgical Gynecology (Drs. Leon, Dinh, and DeStephano).

Study Objective: The "illusion of validity" is a cognitive bias in which the ability to interpret and predict surgical performance accurately is overestimated. To address this bias, we assessed participants comparing fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) and non-FLS tasks with cadaveric vaginal cuff suturing to determine the most representative simulation task for laparoscopic vaginal cuff suturing.

Design: Validity (Messick framework) study comparing FLS and non-FLS tasks with cadaveric vaginal cuff suturing.

Setting: Simulation center cadaver laboratory.

Participants: Obstetrics and gynecology residents (n = 21), minimally invasive gynecologic surgery fellows (n = 3), gynecologic surgical subspecialists (n = 4), general obstetrician/gynecologists (n = 10).

Interventions: Tasks included a simulated vaginal cuff (ipsilateral port placement), needle passage through a metal eyelet loop (contralateral and ipsilateral), and intracorporeal knot tying (contralateral and ipsilateral). Simulation task times were compared with the placement of the first cadaveric vaginal cuff suture time, as well as the in-person and blinded Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills (GOALS) score ("relations to other variables" validity evidence). Statistical analyses included Spearman's test of correlation (continuous and ordinal variables) or Wilcoxon rank sum test (categoric variables).

Measurements And Main Results: There was a stronger association with cadaver cuff suturing time for simulated vaginal cuff suturing time (r = 0.73, p <.001) compared with FLS intracorporeal contralateral suturing time (r = 0.54, p <.001). Additional measures associated with cadaveric performance included subspecialty training (median: 82 vs 185 seconds, p = .002), number of total laparoscopic hysterectomies (r = -0.53, p <.001), number of laparoscopic cuff closures (r = -0.61, p <.001), number of simulated laparoscopic suturing experiences (r = -0.51, p <.001), and eyelet contralateral time (r = 0.52, p <.001). Strong agreement between the in-person and blinded GOALS (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.80) supports response process evidence. Correlations of cadaver cuff time with in-person (Spearman's r = -0.84, p <.001) and blinded GOALS (r = -0.76, p <.001) supports relations to other variables evidence CONCLUSION: The weaker correlation between FLS suturing and cadaver cuff suturing compared with a simulated vaginal cuff model may lead to an "illusion of validity" for assessment in gynecology. Since gynecology specific validity evidence has not been well established for FLS, we recommend prioritizing the use of a simulated vaginal cuff suturing assessment in addition to FLS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2021.05.002DOI Listing
May 2021

Response to Loco-Regional Therapy Predicts Outcomes After Liver Transplantation for Combined Hepatocellular-Cholangiocarcinoma.

Ann Hepatol 2018 Oct;17(6):969-979

Department of Transplantation, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

Introduction And Aim: Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CCA) is a rare liver malignancy distinct from either hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or cholangiocarcinoma. Liver transplantation (LT) is not recommended for HCC-CCA because of suboptimal outcomes. Non-invasive diagnosis of HCC-CCA is extremely challenging; thus, some HCC-CCAs are presumed as HCC on imaging and listed for LT with the correct diagnosis ultimately made on explant pathology. We compared HCC-CCA with HCC to determine the utility of response to pre-transplant loco-regional therapy (LRT) in predicting outcomes for HCC-CCA after LT as a potential means of identifying appropriate HCC-CCA patients for LT.

Material And Methods: Retrospective review of 19 patients with pathologically confirmed HCC-CCA were individually matched to 38 HCC patients (1:2) based on age, sex, and Milan criteria at listing was performed. The modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors was used to categorize patients as responders or non-responders to pre-transplant LRT based on imaging performed before and after LRT. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were examined.

Results: OS at 3 years post-transplant was 74% for HCC-CCA and 87% for HCC. RFS at 3 years was 74% for HCC-CCA, and 87% for HCC. Among responders to LRT, the 3-year OS was 92% for HCC-CCA and 88% for HCC; among non-responders, 3-year OS was 43% for HCC-CCA and 83% for HCC. Higher 3-year OS was observed among HCC-CCA responders (77%) compared with HCC-CCA non-responders (23%).

Conclusions: OS was similarly high among.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.7197DOI Listing
October 2018
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