Publications by authors named "Livia E M V de Guerre"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Midterm survival after endovascular repair of intact abdominal aortic aneurysms is improving over time.

J Vasc Surg 2020 08 21;72(2):556-565.e6. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Electronic address:

Objective: There is a growing body of literature raising concerns about the long-term durability of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), suggesting that long-term outcomes may be better after open AAA repair. However, the data investigating these long-term outcomes largely originate from early in the endovascular era and therefore do not account for increasing clinical experience and technologic improvements. We investigated whether 4-year outcomes after EVAR and open repair have improved over time.

Methods: We identified all EVARs and open repairs for intact infrarenal AAA within the Vascular Quality Initiative database (2003-2018). We then stratified patients by procedure year into treatment cohorts of four years: 2003-2006, 2007-2010, 2011-2014, and 2015-2018. We used Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards models to assess whether the survival after EVAR or open repair changed over time. In addition, we propensity matched EVAR and open repairs for each time cohort to investigate whether the relative survival benefit of EVAR over open repair changed over time.

Results: We included 42,293 EVARs (increasing from 549 performed between 2003 and 2006 to 25,433 between 2015 and 2018) and 5189 open AAA repairs (increasing from 561 to 2306). Four-year survival increased for the periods 2003-2006, 2007-2010, 2011-2014, and 2015-2018 after both EVAR (76.6% vs 79.7% vs 83.5% vs 87.3%; P < .001) and open repair (82.2% vs 85.8% vs 87.7% vs 88.9%; P = .026). After risk adjustment, compared with 2003-2006, hazard of mortality up to 4 years after EVAR was lower for those performed between 2011 and 2014 (hazard ratio [HR], 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.59-0.87; P = .001) and for those performed between 2015 and 2018 (HR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.46-0.68; P < .001). In contrast, the risk-adjusted hazard of mortality was similar between open repair cohorts (2011-2014: HR, 0.81 [95% CI, 0.61-1.08; P = .15]; and 2015-2018: HR, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.64-1.17; P = .34]). Finally, in matched EVAR and open repairs, there was no difference in mortality in the first three cohorts, whereas the hazard of mortality was lower for the 2015-2018 cohort (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.51-0.84; P = .001).

Conclusions: Four-year survival improved in more recent years after EVAR but not after open repair. This finding suggests that midterm outcomes after EVAR are improving, perhaps because of technologic improvements and increased experience, information that should be considered by surgeons and policymakers alike in evaluating the value of contemporary EVAR and open AAA repair.
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August 2020

The Impact of Proximal Clamp Location on Peri-Operative Outcomes Following Open Surgical Repair of Juxtarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2020 Mar 18;59(3):411-418. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Open surgical repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) requires an aortic cross clamp location above at least one renal artery. This study investigated the impact of clamp location on peri-operative outcomes using a United States based nationwide clinical registry.

Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program targetted vascular module was used to identify all elective open juxtarenal AAA repairs (2011-2017). Outcomes were compared between clamping above one vs. above both renal arteries, and above one or both renal arteries vs. supracoeliac clamping. The primary outcome was 30 day mortality and secondary outcomes included post-operative renal dysfunction (creatinine increase ≥ 177 μmol/L or new dialysis) and unplanned re-operations. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to perform risk adjusted analyses.

Results: A total of 615 repairs were identified, with a clamp location above one renal artery in 42%, above both renal arteries in 40%, and supracoeliac in 18% of cases. Procedures with a clamp location above one vs. above both renal arteries showed no difference in mortality (3.5% vs. 2.1%, p = .34) or renal dysfunction (6.9% vs. 4.9%, p = .34). In contrast, supracoeliac clamping compared with clamping above one or both renal arteries was associated with a higher mortality rate (8.0% vs. 2.8%, p = .023), renal dysfunction (12% vs. 6.0%, p = .017), and unplanned re-operations (24% vs. 10%, p < .001). In the multivariable adjusted models, outcomes were similar between clamping above both vs. above one renal artery, while supracoeliac clamping vs. clamping above one or both renal arteries was associated with higher mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 3.4; 95% CI: 1.3-8.8; p = .013) and unplanned re-operation (OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.4-4.1; p = .002).

Conclusion: Although there is no difference between clamping above one vs. both renal arteries during open juxtarenal AAA repair, a supracoeliac clamp location is associated with worse peri-operative outcomes. Surgeons should avoid supracoeliac clamping when clamping above one or both renal arteries is technically possible.
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March 2020