Publications by authors named "Liting Mai"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Anti-Hyperuricemic and Nephroprotective Effects of Dihydroberberine in Potassium Oxonate- and Hypoxanthine-Induced Hyperuricemic Mice.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:645879. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Phellodendri Chinese Cortex has long been used to treat hyperuricemia and gout. Berberine (BBR), its characteristic ingredient, has also been shown to be effective in alleviating monosodium urate crystals-triggered gout inflammation and . Dihydroberberine (DHB) is a hydrogenated derivative of BBR that showed improved efficacy on many metabolic disorders. However, its anti-hyperuricemia effect remains underexplored. In the present work, the hypouricemic and renoprotective effects of DHB on hyperuricemic mice were investigated. The hyperuricemic mice model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of potassium oxonate (PO, 300 mg/kg) combined with intragastric administration of hypoxanthine (HX, 300 mg/kg) for 7 days. Different dosages of DHB (25, 50 mg/kg), BBR (50 mg/kg) or febuxostat (Feb, 5 mg/kg) were orally given to mice 1 h after modeling. The molecular docking results showed that DHB effectively inhibited xanthine oxidase (XOD) by binding with its active site. , DHB exhibited significant XOD inhibitory activity (IC value, 34.37 μM). The results showed that DHB had obvious hypouricemic and renoprotective effects in hyperuricemic mice. It could not only lower the uric acid and XOD levels in serum, but also suppress the activities of XOD and adenosine deaminase (ADA) in the liver. Furthermore, DHB noticeably down-regulated the renal mRNA and protein expression of XOD. Besides, DHB remarkably and dose-dependently ameliorated renal damage, as evidenced by considerably reducing serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels, inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-18) levels and restoring kidney histological deteriorations. Further mechanistic investigation showed that DHB distinctly down-regulated renal mRNA and protein levels of URAT1, GLUT9, NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like (ASC), caspase-1 and IL-1β. Our study revealed that DHB had outstanding hypouricemic and renoprotective effects via suppressing XOD, URAT1, GLUT9 and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in the kidney.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2021

Rhamnocitrin extracted from Nervilia fordii inhibited vascular endothelial activation via miR-185/STIM-1/SOCE/NFATc3.

Phytomedicine 2020 Dec 19;79:153350. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Mathematical Engineering Academy of Chinese Medicine; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Development and Research of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Background: Vascular endothelial activation is pivotal for the pathological development of various infectious and inflammatory diseases. Therapeutic interventions to prevent endothelial activation are of great clinical significance to achieve anti-inflammatory strategy. Previous studies indicate that the total flavonoids from the endemic herbal medicine Nervilia fordii (Hance) Schltr exerts potent anti-inflammatory effect and protective effect against endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury, and shows clinical benefit in severe acute respiratory syndromes (SARS). However, the exact effective component of Nervilia fordii and its potential mechanism remain unknown.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of rhamnocitrin (RH), a flavonoid extracted from Nervilia fordii, on LPS-induced endothelial activation.

Methods: The in vitro endothelial cell activation model was induced by LPS in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Cell viability was measured to determine the cytotoxicity of RH. RT-PCR, Western blot, fluorescent probe and immunofluorescence were conducted to evaluate the effect and mechanism of RH against endothelial activation.

Results: RH was extracted and isolated from Nervilia fordii. RH at the concentration from 10 M-10 M inhibited the expressions of interlukin-6 (IL-6) and -8 (IL-8), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell-adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in response to LPS challenge. Mechanistically, RH repressed calcium store-operated Ca entry (SOCE) induced by LPS, which is due to downregulation of stromal interaction molecule-1 (STIM-1) following upregulating microRNA-185 (miR-185). Ultimately, RH abrogated LPS-induced activation of SOCE-mediated calcineurin/NFATc3 (nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic 3) signaling pathway.

Conclusion: The present study identifies RH as a potent inhibitor of endothelial activation. Since vascular endothelial activation is a pivotal cause of excessive cytokine production, leading to cytokine storm and severe pathology in infectious diseases such as SARS and the ongoing COVID-19 pneumonia disease, RH might suggest promising therapeutic potential in the management of cytokine storm in these diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
December 2020