Publications by authors named "Lisa D Mack"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Are We Speaking the Same Language? Communicating Diagnostic Probability in the Radiology Report.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2021 03 21;216(3):806-811. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, Madigan Army Medical Center, 9040 Jackson Ave, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Tacoma, WA 98431.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of agreement in diagnostic probability for selected phrases among radiologists and emergency medicine (EM) physicians. A survey was distributed to the radiologists and EM physicians at our academic institution. Respondents selected the degree of diagnostic probability they believe was conveyed by 18 commonly used phrases chosen from studies in the radiology literature. Potential responses for the degree of diagnostic probability were < 10%, ≈ 25%, ≈ 50%, ≈ 75%, and > 90%. Seventy-eight percent (28/36) of EM residents and 56% (14/25) of EM attending physicians (combined fellows and attending physicians) completed the survey; 83% (15/18) of radiology residents and 81% (17/21) of radiology attending physicians completed the survey. There was a high degree of shared understanding for most phrases between the departments except for the phrase "compatible with," which was associated with a higher degree of diagnostic probability by radiologists than by EM physicians ( = .02). Although no term was significantly more specific than any other within the ≈ 50% category or below, "most likely" and "diagnostic of" were significantly more specific than other terms in the ≈ 75% and > 90% categories, respectively. The results of this study show a high degree of shared understanding between radiologists and EM physicians for most of the phrases (17/18) in the survey. The only phrase that showed a significant difference was "compatible with." These results can be used to generate diagnostic probability groups with suggested phrases that can be used when creating radiology reports, thereby improving communication with the emergency department.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.23328DOI Listing
March 2021

FAST Performance in a Stationary versus In-Motion Military Ambulance Utilizing Handheld Ultrasound: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2020 Dec 26;35(6):632-637. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Madigan Army Medical Center, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, WashingtonUSA.

Objective: On-scene prehospital conditions and patient instability may warrant a during-transport ultrasound (US) exam. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of ambulance turbulence on the performance of the Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST) with a handheld US device.

Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial in which participants were randomized to perform a FAST in either a stationary or an in-motion military ambulance. Participants were physicians and physician assistants (PAs) with previous FAST training. All exams were performed on an US phantom model. The primary outcome was FAST completion time, reported as a mean, in seconds. Secondary outcomes included image acquisition score (range of 0-24, reported as a mean), diagnostic accuracy (reported as sensitivity and specificity), and a post-participation survey with five-item Likert-type scales.

Results: Twenty-seven participants performed 27 FASTs, 14 in the stationary ambulance and 13 in the in-motion ambulance. All participants obtained the four requisite views of the FAST. A significant difference was detected in image acquisition scores in favor of the stationary ambulance group (19.4 versus 16.7 [95% CI for difference, 0.9-4.4]; P <.01). Significant differences in survey items between groups were related to obtaining and maintaining US images and the exam conditions. There was not a difference in FAST completion time between groups (98.5 seconds versus 78.7 seconds [95% CI for difference, -13.5 seconds to 53.1 seconds]; P = .23). Sensitivity and specificity of FAST in the stationary ambulance was 85.7% (95% CI, 67.3%-96.0%) and 96.4% (95% CI, 81.7%-99.9%) versus 96.2% (95% CI, 80.4%-99.9%) and 100.0% (95% CI, 86.8%-100.0%) in the in-motion ambulance group (P = .21).

Conclusion: Vehicular motion did not affect FAST completion time and diagnostic accuracy; however, it did reduce FAST image acquisition scores. The results suggest timely and diagnostically accurate FASTs may be completed by experienced sonographers during moderate levels of ambulance turbulence. Further investigation assessing the utility and limitations of newer handheld US devices in various prehospital conditions is warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X20001028DOI Listing
December 2020
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