Publications by authors named "Linglian Kong"

5 Publications

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Effect of dexamethasone on gene expression of cannabinoid receptor type 1 and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase in the hypothalamus of broilers (Gallus domesticus).

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Jun 15;260:111018. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Animal Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China. Electronic address:

Hypothalamic neural circuits play a critical role in integrating peripheral signals and conveying information about energy and nutrient status. We detected cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) distribution in the hypothalamus, liver, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum among 7- and 35-day-old broilers. The effects of dexamethasone (DEX) on CB1 gene expression were evaluated by in vitro and in vivo experiments on glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the hypothalamus of broilers. In vitro, hypothalamic cells from 17-day-old broiler embryos were incubated with either 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide or DEX (100 nmol/mL) for 1 h. In the in vivo study, 28-day-old broilers were injected with DEX for 24 h or 72 h. Results showed that CB1 was mainly expressed in the hypothalamus, and 72 h DEX treatment increased the expression. One-day treatment of broilers with DEX did not change the hypothalamic CB1 gene expression. Moreover, DEX treatment for 24 h and 72 h increased the mRNA level of hypothalamic AMPKα2 and GR. However, no differences were observed on the gene expression of CB1, GR, and AMPKα2 in hypothalamic cells with DEX-treated for 1 h. In conclusion, CB1 is mainly expressed in the hypothalamus of broilers; 72-h DEX exposure can regulate the CB1 system and AMPK signaling pathway of the broiler hypothalamus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2021.111018DOI Listing
June 2021

Effects of Dietary Energy Level on Performance, Plasma Parameters, and Central AMPK Levels in Stressed Broilers.

Front Vet Sci 2021 28;8:681858. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Animal Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, China.

This study aimed to characterize the effects of diets with different energy levels on the growth performance, plasma parameters, and central AMPK signaling pathway in broilers under dexamethasone (DEX)-induced stress. A total of 216 1-day-old male broiler chickens were allocated to groups fed with high (HED), National Research Council-recommended (control), or low (LED) energy diets. At 10 days old, chickens were treated with or without dexamethasone (DEX, 2 mg/kg body weight) for 3 consecutive days. HED increased broiler average daily gain (ADG) at 10 days old, compared with the LED ( < 0.05), while average daily feed intake (ADFI) and feed conversion rate (FCR) decreased as the dietary energy level increased ( < 0.05). Chickens fed a HED had higher total protein (TP) content, albumin (ALB), glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TCHO), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, compared with the control group ( < 0.05). At 13 days old, DEX decreased ADG and increased FCR in broilers fed with different energy diets ( < 0.05). The DEX-HED group had a higher ADFI than non-DEX treated HED group chickens. In addition, TP, ALB, triglycerides (TG), TCHO, HDL, and LDL content levels in the DEX group were higher than those in the control group ( < 0.05). The uric acid (UA) content of the LED group was higher than that of the HED group ( < 0.05). Further, gene expression levels of liver kinase B1, AMP-activated protein kinase α1, neuropeptide Y, and GC receptor in the hypothalamus were increased in chickens treated with DEX ( < 0.05). There was a trend toward interaction between plasma TCHO and hypothalamic LKB1 expression (0.05 < < 0.1). In conclusion, this study suggests that HED improves growth performance, plasma glucose and total cholesterol at 10 days old broilers, but had no significant effect on performance, plasma parameters, and central AMPK in stressed broilers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.681858DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8192699PMC
May 2021

The AMPK-mTOR signaling pathway is involved in regulation of food intake in the hypothalamus of stressed chickens.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Aug 12;258:110979. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Animal Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China. Electronic address:

Glucocorticoids (GCs) can stimulate the appetite and AMPK in broilers. The activation of hypothalamic mTOR has been proposed as an important anorexigenic signal. However, inhibitory effect of AMPK activity on appetite and AMPK downstream signaling pathway under stress has not been reported. In this study, we performed an intracerebroventricular (icv) injection of compound C, an AMPK inhibitor, in GC-treated birds to explore the regulatory mechanism on appetite and AMPK downstream signaling pathway. A total of 48 7-day-old broilers, which had received an icv cannula, were randomly subjected to one of two treatments: subcutaneous injection of dexamethasone (DEX) or saline. After 3 days of continuous DEX injection, chicks of each group received an icv injection with either compound C (6 μg/2 μL) or vehicle (dimethyl sulfoxide, 2 μL). The results showed that body weight gain was reduced by the DEX treatment. Compared with the control, icv injection of compound C reduced feed intake at 0.5-1.5 h. In the DEX-treated group, the inhibitory effect of compound C on appetite remained apparent at 0.5-1 h. The DEX treatment increased the gene expression of liver kinase B1 (LKB1), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and decreased p-mTOR protein level. In stressed broilers, inhibition of AMPK relieved the decreased mTOR activity. A significant interaction was noted in DEX and compound C on protein expression of phospho-AMPK. Taken together, in stressed broilers, the central injection of compound C could inhibit central AMPK activity and reduce appetite, in which the AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway might be involved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2021.110979DOI Listing
August 2021

The mixed application of organic and inorganic selenium shows better effects on incubation and progeny parameters.

Poult Sci 2021 Feb 2;100(2):1132-1141. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Department of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China. Electronic address:

This experiment aims to study the effects of dietary selenium (Se) sources on the production performance, reproductive performance, and maternal effect of breeder laying hens. A total of 2,112 Hyline brown breeder laying hens of 42 wk of age were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups, with 8 repeats in each group and 88 chickens per repeat. The sources of dietary Se were sodium selenite (SS, added at 0.3 mg/kg), L-selenomethionine (L-SM, added at 0.2 mg/kg), and combination of SS and L-SM (SS 0.15 mg/kg + L-SM 0.15 mg/kg). The pretest period was 7 d, and the breeding period was 49 d. Compared with 0.3 mg/kg SS, the addition of 0.2 mg/kg L-SM in the diet significantly increased the hatchability (P < 0.05) and the Se content (P < 0.05) in egg yolk and chicken embryo tissues and improved the activity of yolk glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) effectively (P < 0.05). Treatment with 0.2 mg/kg L-SM also reduced the content of yolk malondialdehyde (P < 0.05) and significantly improved the antioxidant performance of 1-day-old chicks, as manifested by increased activity of antioxidant enzymes (GSH-px, total antioxidant capacity and the ability to inhibit hydroxyl radicals) in serum, pectoral, heart, and liver (P < 0.05). This treatment decreased the malondialdehyde content (P < 0.05) and increased the expression of liver glutathione peroxidase 4 and deiodinase 1 mRNA (P < 0.05). Adding L-SM to the diets of chickens increased the hatchability of breeder eggs as well as the amount of Se deposited and antioxidant enzyme activity in breeder eggs and embryos. Compared with SS, L-SM was more effectively transferred from the mother to the embryo and offspring, showing efficient maternal nutrition. For breeder diets, the combination of organic and inorganic Se (0.15 mg/kg SS + 0.15 mg/kg L-SM) is an effective nutrient supplementation technology program for effectively improving the breeding performance of breeders and the antioxidant performance and health level of offspring chicks.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psj.2020.10.037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7858146PMC
February 2021

Effects of dietary corticosterone on the central adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway in broiler chickens.

J Anim Sci 2020 Jul;98(7)

Department of Biosystems, Division of Animal and Human Health Engineering, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Glucocorticoids (GCs) induce the activation of the central adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway in birds. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of corticosterone (CORT) supplemented in diet on the central AMPK signaling pathway in broilers. The average daily gain was reduced by CORT treatment, and the average daily feed intake remained unchanged. Plasma glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and CORT contents were increased by CORT administration. In addition, CORT treatment decreased the relative weights of heart, spleen, and bursa and increased the relative weights of liver and abdominal fat. The glycogen contents in the liver and breast muscle were higher in the chicks treated with CORT. CORT treatment upregulated the gene expression of mammalian target of rapamycin, glucocorticoid receptor, AMPKα2, neuropeptide Y(NPY), liver kinase B1 (LKB1), AMPKα1, and fatty acid synthase in the hypothalamus. Moreover, CORT treatment increased the protein levels of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) phosphorylation and total AMPK and phosphorylated AMPK in the hypothalamus. Hence, CORT administration in the diet activated the LKB1-AMPK-NPY/ACC signaling pathway in the hypothalamus of broiler.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/skaa202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7373321PMC
July 2020