Publications by authors named "Lindsy M Peterson"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

High-resolution image-guided WEB aneurysm embolization by high-frequency optical coherence tomography.

J Neurointerv Surg 2021 Jul 28;13(7):669-673. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Radiology, New England Center for Stroke Research, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: High-frequency optical coherence tomography (HF-OCT) is an intra-vascular imaging technique capable of assessing device-vessel interactions at spatial resolution approaching 10 µm. We tested the hypothesis that adequately deployed Woven EndoBridge (WEB) devices as visualized by HF-OCT lead to higher aneurysm occlusion rates.

Methods: In a leporine model, elastase-induced aneurysms (n=24) were treated with the WEB device. HF-OCT and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were performed following WEB deployment and repeated at 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Protrusion (0-present, 1-absent) and malapposition (0-malapposed, 1-neck apposition >50%) were binary coded. A device was considered 'adequately deployed' by HF-OCT and DSA if apposed and non-protruding. Aneurysm healing on DSA was reported using the 4-point WEB occlusion score: A or B grades were considered positive outcome. Neointimal coverage was quantified on HF-OCT images at 12 weeks and compared with scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Results: Adequate deployment on HF-OCT correlated with positive outcome (P=0.007), but no statistically significant relationship was found between good outcome and adequate deployment on DSA (P=0.289). Absence of protrusion on HF-OCT correlated with a positive outcome (P=0.006); however, malapposition alone had no significant relationship (P=0.19). HF-OCT showed a strong correlation with SEM for the assessment of areas of neointimal tissue (R²=0.96; P<0.001). More neointimal coverage of 78%±32% was found on 'adequate deployment' cases versus 31%±24% for the 'inadequate deployment' cases (P=0.001).

Conclusion: HF-OCT visualizes features that can determine adequate device deployment to prognosticate early aneurysm occlusion following WEB implantation and can be used to longitudinally monitor aneurysm healing progression.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2020-016447DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8205185PMC
July 2021

A neurovascular high-frequency optical coherence tomography system enables in situ cerebrovascular volumetric microscopy.

Nat Commun 2020 07 31;11(1):3851. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

New England Center for Stroke Research, Department of Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA.

Intravascular imaging has emerged as a valuable tool for the treatment of coronary and peripheral artery disease; however, no solution is available for safe and reliable use in the tortuous vascular anatomy of the brain. Endovascular treatment of stroke is delivered under image guidance with insufficient resolution to adequately assess underlying arterial pathology and therapeutic devices. High-resolution imaging, enabling surgeons to visualize cerebral arteries' microstructure and micron-level features of neurovascular devices, would have a profound impact in the research, diagnosis, and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. Here, we present a neurovascular high-frequency optical coherence tomography (HF-OCT) system, including an imaging console and an endoscopic probe designed to rapidly acquire volumetric microscopy data at a resolution approaching 10 microns in tortuous cerebrovascular anatomies. Using a combination of in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo models, the feasibility of HF-OCT for cerebrovascular imaging was demonstrated.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17702-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7395105PMC
July 2020

Embryonic aortic arch hemodynamics are a functional biomarker for ethanol-induced congenital heart defects [Invited].

Biomed Opt Express 2017 Mar 24;8(3):1823-1837. Epub 2017 Feb 24.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.

The great arteries develop from symmetrical aortic arch arteries which are extensively remodeled. These events are vulnerable to perturbations. Hemodynamic forces have a significant role in this remodeling. In this study, optical coherence tomography (OCT) visualized live avian embryos for staging and measuring pharyngeal arch morphology. Measurements acquired with our orientation-independent, dual-angle Doppler OCT technique revealed that ethanol exposure leads to higher absolute blood flow, shear stress, and retrograde flow. Ethanol-exposed embryos had smaller cardiac neural crest (CNC) derived pharyngeal arch mesenchyme and fewer migrating CNC-derived cells. These differences in forces and CNC cell numbers could explain the abnormal aortic arch remodeling.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/BOE.8.001823DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5480583PMC
March 2017

Capturing structure and function in an embryonic heart with biophotonic tools.

Front Physiol 2014 23;5:351. Epub 2014 Sep 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Cleveland, OH, USA.

Disturbed cardiac function at an early stage of development has been shown to correlate with cellular/molecular, structural as well as functional cardiac anomalies at later stages culminating in the congenital heart defects (CHDs) that present at birth. While our knowledge of cellular and molecular steps in cardiac development is growing rapidly, our understanding of the role of cardiovascular function in the embryo is still in an early phase. One reason for the scanty information in this area is that the tools to study early cardiac function are limited. Recently developed and adapted biophotonic tools may overcome some of the challenges of studying the tiny fragile beating heart. In this chapter, we describe and discuss our experience in developing and implementing biophotonic tools to study the role of function in heart development with emphasis on optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT can be used for detailed structural and functional studies of the tubular and looping embryo heart under physiological conditions. The same heart can be rapidly and quantitatively phenotyped at early and again at later stages using OCT. When combined with other tools such as optical mapping (OM) and optical pacing (OP), OCT has the potential to reveal in spatial and temporal detail the biophysical changes that can impact mechanotransduction pathways. This information may provide better explanations for the etiology of the CHDs when interwoven with our understanding of morphogenesis and the molecular pathways that have been described to be involved. Future directions for advances in the creation and use of biophotonic tools are discussed.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2014.00351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4173643PMC
October 2014

Orientation-independent rapid pulsatile flow measurement using dual-angle Doppler OCT.

Biomed Opt Express 2014 Feb 15;5(2):499-514. Epub 2014 Jan 15.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 USA.

Doppler OCT (DOCT) can provide blood flow velocity information which is valuable for investigation of microvascular structure and function. However, DOCT is only sensitive to motion parallel with the imaging beam, so that knowledge of flow direction is needed for absolute velocity determination. Here, absolute volumetric flow is calculated by integrating velocity components perpendicular to the B-scan plane. These components are acquired using two illumination beams with a predetermined angular separation, produced by a delay encoded technique. This technology enables rapid pulsatile flow measurement from single B-scans without the need for 3-D volumetric data or knowledge of blood vessel orientation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/BOE.5.000499DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3920880PMC
February 2014

Ethanol exposure alters early cardiac function in the looping heart: a mechanism for congenital heart defects?

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2014 Feb 22;306(3):H414-21. Epub 2013 Nov 22.

Departments of Pediatrics.

Alcohol-induced congenital heart defects are frequently among the most life threatening and require surgical correction in newborns. The etiology of these defects, collectively known as fetal alcohol syndrome, has been the focus of much study, particularly involving cellular and molecular mechanisms. Few studies have addressed the influential role of altered cardiac function in early embryogenesis because of a lack of tools with the capability to assay tiny beating hearts. To overcome this gap in our understanding, we used optical coherence tomography (OCT), a nondestructive imaging modality capable of micrometer-scale resolution imaging, to rapidly and accurately map cardiovascular structure and hemodynamics in real time under physiological conditions. In this study, we exposed avian embryos to a single dose of alcohol/ethanol at gastrulation when the embryo is sensitive to the induction of birth defects. Late-stage hearts were analyzed using standard histological analysis with a focus on the atrio-ventricular valves. Early cardiac function was assayed using Doppler OCT, and structural analysis of the cardiac cushions was performed using OCT imaging. Our results indicated that ethanol-exposed embryos developed late-stage valvuloseptal defects. At early stages, they exhibited increased regurgitant flow and developed smaller atrio-ventricular cardiac cushions, compared with controls (uninjected and saline-injected embryos). The embryos also exhibited abnormal flexion/torsion of the body. Our evidence suggests that ethanol-induced alterations in early cardiac function have the potential to contribute to late-stage valve and septal defects, thus demonstrating that functional parameters may serve as early and sensitive gauges of cardiac normalcy and abnormalities.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00600.2013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3920145PMC
February 2014

4D shear stress maps of the developing heart using Doppler optical coherence tomography.

Biomed Opt Express 2012 Nov 31;3(11):3022-32. Epub 2012 Oct 31.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.

Accurate imaging and measurement of hemodynamic forces is vital for investigating how physical forces acting on the embryonic heart are transduced and influence developmental pathways. Of particular importance is blood flow-induced shear stress, which influences gene expression by endothelial cells and potentially leads to congenital heart defects through abnormal heart looping, septation, and valvulogenesis. However no imaging tool has been available to measure shear stress on the endocardium volumetrically and dynamically. Using 4D structural and Doppler OCT imaging, we are able to accurately measure the blood flow in the heart tube in vivo and to map endocardial shear stress throughout the heart cycle under physiological conditions for the first time. These measurements of the shear stress patterns will enable precise titration of experimental perturbations and accurate correlation of shear with the expression of molecules critical to heart development.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/BOE.3.003022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3493225PMC
November 2012

Optical coherence tomography captures rapid hemodynamic responses to acute hypoxia in the cardiovascular system of early embryos.

Dev Dyn 2012 Mar 23;241(3):534-44. Epub 2012 Jan 23.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: The trajectory to heart defects may start in tubular and looping heart stages when detailed analysis of form and function is difficult by currently available methods. We used a novel method, Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT), to follow changes in cardiovascular function in quail embryos during acute hypoxic stress. Chronic fetal hypoxia is a known risk factor for congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Decreased fetal heart rates during maternal obstructive sleep apnea suggest that studying fetal heart responses under acute hypoxia is warranted.

Results: We captured responses to hypoxia at the critical looping heart stages. Doppler OCT revealed detailed vitelline arterial pulsed Doppler waveforms. Embryos tolerated 1 hr of hypoxia (5%, 10%, or 15% O(2) ), but exhibited changes including decreased systolic and increased diastolic duration in 5 min. After 5 min, slower heart rates, arrhythmic events and an increase in retrograde blood flow were observed. These changes suggested slower filling of the heart, which was confirmed by four-dimensional Doppler imaging of the heart itself.

Conclusions: Doppler OCT is well suited for rapid noninvasive screening for functional changes in avian embryos under near physiological conditions. Analysis of the accessible vitelline artery sensitively reflected changes in heart function and can be used for rapid screening. Acute hypoxia caused rapid hemodynamic changes in looping hearts and may be a concern for increased CHD risk.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dvdy.23727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3295592PMC
March 2012

A comparative study of conventional mammography film interpretations with soft copy readings of the same examinations.

J Digit Imaging 2007 Mar;20(1):42-52

The John Hopkins Medical Institutions in Baltimore, The John Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

An acceptable mammography film digitizer must provide high-quality images at a level of diagnostic accuracy comparable to reading conventional film examinations. The purpose of this study was to determine if there are significant differences between the interpretations of conventional film-screen mammography examinations and soft copy readings of the images produced by a mammography film digitizer. Eight radiologists interpreted 120 mammography examinations, half as original films and the other half as digital images on a soft copy work station. No radiologist read the same examination twice. The interpretations were recorded in accordance with the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System and included other variables such as perceived image quality and diagnostic difficulty and confidence. The results provide support for the hypothesis that there are no significant differences between the interpretations of conventional film-screen mammography examinations and soft copy examinations produced by a mammography film digitizer.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10278-006-1046-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3043891PMC
March 2007
-->