Publications by authors named "Liliane C Roosendaal"

3 Publications

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ACTION-1: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial on ACT-guided heparinization during open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Trials 2021 Sep 19;22(1):639. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Dijklander ziekenhuis, Maelsonstraat 3, 1624, NP, Hoorn, The Netherlands.

Background: Heparin is used worldwide for 70 years during all non-cardiac arterial procedures (NCAP) to reduce thrombo-embolic complications (TEC). But heparin also increases blood loss causing possible harm for the patient. Heparin has an unpredictable effect in the individual patient. The activated clotting time (ACT) can measure the effect of heparin. Currently, this ACT is not measured during NCAP as the standard of care, contrary to during cardiac interventions, open and endovascular. A RCT will evaluate if ACT-guided heparinization results in less TEC than the current standard: a single bolus of 5000 IU of heparin and no measurements at all. A goal ACT of 200-220 s should be reached during ACT-guided heparinization and this should decrease (mortality caused by) TEC, while not increasing major bleeding complications. This RCT will be executed during open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery, as this is a standardized procedure throughout Europe.

Methods: Seven hundred fifty patients, who will undergo open AAA repair of an aneurysm originating below the superior mesenteric artery, will be randomised in 2 treatment arms: 5000 IU of heparin and no ACT measurements and no additional doses of heparin, or a protocol of 100 IU/kg bolus of heparin and ACT measurements after 5 min, and then every 30 min. The goal ACT is 200-220 s. If the ACT after 5 min is < 180 s, 60 IU/kg will be administered; if the ACT is between 180 and 200 s, 30 IU/kg. If the ACT is > 220 s, no extra heparin is given, and the ACT is measured after 30 min and then the same protocol is applied. The expected incidence for the combined endpoint of TEC and mortality is 19% for the 5000 IU group and 11% for the ACT-guided group.

Discussion: The ACTION-1 trial is an international RCT during open AAA surgery, designed to show superiority of ACT-guided heparinization compared to the current standard of a single bolus of 5000 IU of heparin. A significant reduction in TEC and mortality, without more major bleeding complications, must be proven with a relevant economic benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION {2A}: NTR NL8421 NCT04061798 . Registered on 20 August 2019 EudraCT 2018-003393-27 TRIAL REGISTRATION: DATA SET {2B}: Data category Information Primary registry and trial identifying number : NCT04061798 Date of registration in primary registry 20-08-2019 Secondary identifying numbers NTR: NL8421 EudraCT: 2018-003393-27 Source(s) of monetary or material support ZonMw: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development Dijklander Ziekenhuis Amsterdam UMC Primary sponsor Dijklander Ziekenhuis Secondary sponsor(s) N/A Contact for public queries A.M. Wiersema, MD, PhD [email protected] 0031-229 208 206 Contact for scientific queries A.M. Wiersema, MD, PhD [email protected] 0031-229 208 206 Public title ACT Guided Heparinization During Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (ACTION-1) Scientific title ACTION-1: ACT Guided Heparinization During Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair, a Randomised Trial Countries of recruitment The Netherlands. Soon the recruitment will start in Germany Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied Abdominal aortic aneurysm, arterial disease, surgery Intervention(s) ACT-guided heparinization 5000 IU of heparin Key inclusion and exclusion criteria Ages eligible for the study: ≥18 years Sexes eligible for the study: both Accepts healthy volunteers: no Inclusion criteria: Study type Interventional Allocation: randomized Intervention model: parallel assignment Masking: single blind (patient) Primary purpose: treatment Phase IV Date of first enrolment March 2020 Target sample size 750 Recruitment status Recruiting Primary outcome(s) The primary efficacy endpoint is 30-day mortality and in-hospital mortality during the same admission. The primary safety endpoint is the incidence of bleeding complications according to E-CABG classification, grade 1 and higher. Key secondary outcomes Serious complications as depicted in the Suggested Standards for Reports on Aneurysmal disease: all complications requiring re-operation, longer hospital stay, all complications.
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September 2021

Survival and Living Situation After Ruptured Abdominal Aneurysm Repair in Octogenarians.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 03 6;61(3):375-381. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Dijklander Ziekenhuis, Hoorn, The Netherlands; Department of Vascular Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To determine the 30 day and one year mortality and post-operative living situation in octogenarians treated for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA).

Methods: A retrospective study was performed at four centres in the Netherlands. All consecutive patients aged ≥80 years, presenting with a rAAA between January 2013 and October 2018, were included. The primary outcomes were post-operative living situation and one year mortality.

Results: In total, 157 patients were included. Forty-seven received palliative care and 110 patients had surgery. After endovascular or open repair, the one year mortality rate was 50.0%. The 30 day mortality rate was 40.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 27-55) and 31.7% (95% CI 20-44), for endovascular and open repair, respectively (p = .32). Sixty-five per cent of survivors were discharged home, while 34.8% went to a nursing home for rehabilitation. Of the surviving patients, 82.6% went back to living in their pre-rupture home situation. Of the investigated variables, only a high body mass index proved a significant predictor of death at 30 days and one year. Compared with operated patients, patients turned down for surgery were older (mean age 87.5 ± 3.8 vs. 84.0 ± 3.5; p < .001), lived significantly more often in a nursing home (odds ratio 1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.03; p < .001), were more often dependent (odds ratio 3.69, 95% CI 2.31-5.88; p < .001) and had a lower Glasgow Coma Scale score on arrival (odds ratio 0.42, 95% CI 0.25-0.69; p = .002). All palliative patients died within three days.

Conclusion: Overall treatment outcomes showed that octogenarians should not be denied surgery based on age alone, as half of the octogenarians that undergo surgical treatment are still alive one year after rAAA repair. In addition, > 80% returned to their own home after rehabilitation.
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March 2021

Outcome of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Octogenarians: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2020 Jan 4;59(1):16-22. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Dijklander Ziekenhuis, Hoorn, the Netherlands; Department of Vascular Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: This meta-analysis sought to identify the mortality and ambulatory state 30 days and one year post-operatively in octogenarians treated for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open repair (OR). rAAA is a life threatening emergency occurring increasingly in octogenarians. Surgical treatment, open or endovascular, offers the only chance of survival albeit with significant mortality and morbidity rates and a high burden to society. In order to make an informed decision on management, contemporary treatment outcomes should be known. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on rAAA repair in octogenarians.

Methods: The Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched for articles published between 2013 and October 2018 on octogenarians treated for a rAAA. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model to calculate the 30 day and one year mortality.

Results: The search resulted in a total of 1569 articles, of which eight retrospective studies could be included, reporting on 7526 patients. All studies reported 30 day mortality in octogenarians, and the one year mortality was addressed in four studies. Ambulatory state was not reported. Meta-analysis showed a 30 day mortality of 43% (95% confidence interval (CI) 33-53) and a one year mortality of 47% (95% CI 32-62). Patients after EVAR had a significant lower mortality at 30 days (risk ratio (RR) 0.50, 95% CI 0.38-0.67) and at one year (RR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44-0.96).

Conclusion: The 30 day and one year mortality rates for rAAA repair in octogenarians are similar to the outcome at all ages, with a significant survival advantage of EVAR over OR. Patients should therefore not be denied treatment of a rAAA based on age alone.
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January 2020