Publications by authors named "Lianne Granneman"

2 Publications

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Thrombo-Inflammation in Cardiovascular Disease: An Expert Consensus Document from the Third Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis.

Thromb Haemost 2020 Apr 14;120(4):538-564. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Hematology and Central Hematology Laboratory, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany; Haemostasis Research Unit, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Thrombo-inflammation describes the complex interplay between blood coagulation and inflammation that plays a critical role in cardiovascular diseases. The third Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis assembled basic, translational, and clinical scientists to discuss the origin and potential consequences of thrombo-inflammation in the etiology, diagnostics, and management of patients with cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. This article presents a state-of-the-art reflection of expert opinions and consensus recommendations regarding the following topics: (1) challenges of the endothelial cell barrier; (2) circulating cells and thrombo-inflammation, focused on platelets, neutrophils, and neutrophil extracellular traps; (3) procoagulant mechanisms; (4) arterial vascular changes in atherogenesis; attenuating atherosclerosis and ischemia/reperfusion injury; (5) management of patients with arterial vascular disease; and (6) pathogenesis of venous thrombosis and late consequences of venous thromboembolism.
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April 2020

Flow cytometric mepacrine fluorescence can be used for the exclusion of platelet dense granule deficiency.

J Thromb Haemost 2020 03 27;18(3):706-713. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Van Creveld Laboratory, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: δ-storage pool disease (δ-SPD) is a bleeding disorder characterized by a reduced number of platelet-dense granules. The diagnosis of δ-SPD depends on the measurement of platelet ADP content, but this test is time consuming and requires a relatively large blood volume. Flow cytometric analysis of platelet mepacrine uptake is a potential alternative, but this approach lacks validation, which precludes its use in a diagnostic setting.

Objectives: To evaluate the performance of platelet mepacrine uptake as a diagnostic test for δ-SPD.

Patients/methods: Mepacrine fluorescence was determined with flow cytometry before and after platelet activation in 156 patients with a suspected platelet function disorder and compared with platelet ADP content as a reference test. Performance was analyzed with a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.

Results: Eleven of 156 patients had δ-SPD based on platelet ADP content. Mepacrine fluorescence was inferior to platelet ADP content in identifying patients with δ-SPD, but both mepacrine uptake (area under the ROC curve [AUC] 0.87) and mepacrine release after platelet activation (AUC 0.80) had good discriminative ability. In our tertiary reference center, mepacrine uptake showed high negative predicitive value (97%) with low positive predictive value (35%). Combined with a negative likelihood ratio of 0.1, these data indicate that mepacrine uptake can be used to exclude δ-SPD in patients with a bleeding tendency.

Conclusion: Mepacrine fluorescence can be used as a screening tool to exclude δ-SPD in a large number of patients with a suspected platelet function disorder.
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March 2020