Publications by authors named "Liang-Xiang Dai"

5 Publications

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[Effects of salt and drought stresses on rhizosphere soil bacterial community structure and peanut yield].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Apr;31(4):1305-1313

Shandong Peanut Research Institute, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China.

A pot experiment with Huayu 25 as experimental material was conducted, with treatments of drought and salt stresses. The effects of drought and salt stresses at the flowering stage on the plant morphology, pod yield, and soil bacterial community structure in the rhizosphere were examined. The results showed that Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Saccharibacteria, Chloroflexi, Cyanobacteria, and Acidobacteria were the dominant phyla in the rhizosphere soil of peanut. Compared with that under normal conditions, the relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria dramatically decreased, while that of Cyanobacteria evidently increased in drought-treated and salt-treated soil. Moreover, the variation of Cyanobacteria abundance caused by combined drought and salt stresses was stronger than that caused by single drought or salt stress. Functional meta-genomic profiling indicated that a series of sequences related to signaling transduction, defense mechanism and post-translational modification, protein turnover, chaperones were enriched in rhizosphere soil under stressed conditions, which might have implications for plant survival and stress tolerance. Drought and salt stress affectedpeanut growth and reduced pod yield. Results from this study would present reference on the future improvement of stress tolerance of peanuts via modifying soil microbial community.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.202004.036DOI Listing
April 2020

Effects of calcium fertilizer application on absorption and distribution of nutrients in peanut under salt stress.

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2018 Oct;29(10):3302-3310

Shandong Peanut Research Institute, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China.

In order to solve the problems of nutrient absorption and accumulation and provide theoretical basis for rational amount of calcium fertilization of peanut in saline land, the effects of calcium fertilizer application on absorption and accumulation of nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium in peanut under salt stress were examined. Using 'Huayu 25' as experimental material, four Ca levels [T (0), T (75), T (150) and T (225) kg·hm CaO] were set under 0.3% salt stress in a pot experiment. The results showed that nutrient contents in peanut followed the order of nitrogen > potassium > calcium > phosphorus > magnesium. At the seedling stage, leaves were the absorption center of nitrogen and calcium, while stems were the center of phosphorus, potassium and magnesium, with nearly half of nutrient accumulation being distributed in the corresponding growth center. At mature stage, the absorption centers of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were transferred to pod. The accumulation of nitrogen and phosphorus in seed kernel reached to 72.3%-78.9%. The absorption centers of calcium and magnesium was still in the leaves and stems, with a distribution ratio of 49.8% and 32.6%, respectively. Salt stress significantly inhibited nutrient absorption and distribution in peanut, especially decreased the nitrogen accumulation in leaves and seed kernels. However, salt stress increased the magnesium accumulation in pod. Exogenous calcium application had significant positive effect on absorption and accumulation of nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium in different organs of peanut under salt stress. It had significant adjustment on phosphorus accumulation in seed kernel, which was increased by more than 50%. Appropriate calcium content could significantly promote the peanut nutrient absorption and accumulation under salt stress and improve the distribution ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in mature pods of peanut. According to the responses of nutrient absorption and distribution, the optimized application amount for calcium fertilizer under 0.3% salt stress was 150 kg·hm CaO.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201810.026DOI Listing
October 2018

[Effects of water stress and nitrogen fertilization on peanut root morphological development and leaf physiological activities].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2015 Feb;26(2):450-6

Taking 'Huayu 22' peanut as test material, effect of soil water content and nitrogen fertilization on the leaf physiological activities and root morphological characteristics of peanut plants were analyzed. Two levels of soil water condition were: (1) well-watered condition and (2) moderate water stress, and three levels of nitrogen were: (1) none nitrogen (N0), (2) moderate nitrogen (N1, 90 kg · hm(-2)) and (3) high nitrogen (N2, 180 kg · hm(-2)). The results showed that N1 significantly increased the peanut yield under two water conditions, but showed no significant effect on harvest index compared with N0. Under water stress condition, N1 had no significant effects on total root biomass and total root length, but the total root surface area was remarkably increased. The nitrogen fertilization significantly increased the root length and root surface area in 20-40 cm soil layer, and N2 significantly increased the root biomass and root surface area in the soil layer below 40 cm. The application of nitrogen remarkably increased CAT and POD activities in leaf, while MDA content was decreased with the increase of nitrogen level. Under well-watered condition, the root biomass, root length and root surface area in the soil layer below 40 cm and total root surface area were significantly reduced by nitrogen application, however, only N1 could increase leaf protective enzyme activities. Correlation analysis showed that the root length in 20-40 cm soil layer and SOD, CAT, POD activities in leaf were highly significantly related with peanut yield.
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February 2015

[Indices selection and comprehensive evaluation of salinity tolerance for peanut varieties].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2013 Dec;24(12):3487-94

A total of two hundred peanut varieties (lines) were exposed to different salt concentrations under pot cultivation, to evaluate salinity tolerance by indices such as emergence, morphology and biomass accumulation from emergence to seedling stage. The results showed that, as the salinity concentration increased, the emergence time was prolonged, plant morphology establishment was inhibited seriously, and biomass accumulation was reduced. The optimal concentration for evaluating salinity tolerance was 0.30%-0.45%. Ten indices were contributed to the mean membership function value by the membership function analysis. According to the correlation coefficient between indices and the mean membership function value, plant fresh mass, shoot fresh mass, root fresh mass, root dry mass, plant height and stem height could be the first selected indices for evaluating salinity tolerance of peanut plant. Plant dry mass, shoot dry mass, taproot length and emergence speed could be the second selected indices to comprehensively evaluate salinity tolerance of peanut plant. The 200 varieties were divided into 4 groups at different salinity concentrations, i. e. high salinity tolerance, salinity tolerance, salinity sensitivity, and high salinity sensitivity. Number of salinity tolerant varieties was decreased with increasing salinity concentration while the salinity sensitive one was increased. Salinity tolerance of some varieties showed the similarity (tolerant or sensitive) under different salinity stresses. Some varieties showed different tolerance under different salinity stresses, i. e. tolerance at low salinity concentration while sensitivity at high salinity concentration.
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December 2013

[Effects of drought stress on the root growth and development and physiological characteristics of peanut].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2013 Jun;24(6):1586-92

Shandong Peanut Research Institute, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China.

Taking two peanut varieties Huayu 17 and Tangke 8 as test objects, a soil column culture experiment was conducted in a rainproof tank to study the peanut root morphological development and physiological characteristics at late growth stages under moderate drought and well-watered conditions. Tanke 8 had more developed root system and higher yield and drought coefficient, while Huayu 17 had poorer root adaptability to drought stress. For the two varieties, their root length density and root biomass were mainly distributed in 0-40 cm soil layer, whereas their root traits differed in the same soil layer. The total root length, total root surface area, and total root volume of Huayu 17 at each growth stage were smaller under drought stress than under well-balanced water treatment, while these root characteristics of Tangke 8 under drought stress only decreased at flowering-pegging stage. Drought stress increased the root biomass, surface area, and volume of the two varieties in 20-40 cm soil layer, but decreased these root traits in the soil layers below 40 cm. Under drought stress, the root activity of the two varieties in the soil layers below 40 cm at pod filling stage decreased, and the decrement was larger for Huayu 17. The differences in the root system development and physiological characteristics of the two varieties at late growth stages under drought stress suggested that the root system of the two varieties had different water absorption and utilization under drought stress.
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June 2013
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