Publications by authors named "Li-Jun Jing"

19 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells protect the injured spinal cord by inhibiting pericyte pyroptosis.

Neural Regen Res 2022 Jan;17(1):194-202

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation is a promising treatment strategy for spinal cord injury, but immunological rejection and possible tumor formation limit its application. The therapeutic effects of MSCs mainly depend on their release of soluble paracrine factors. Exosomes are essential for the secretion of these paracrine effectors. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (BMSC-EXOs) can be substituted for BMSCs in cell transplantation. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, a rat model of T10 spinal cord injury was established using the impact method. Then, 30 minutes and 1 day after spinal cord injury, the rats were administered 200 μL exosomes via the tail vein (200 μg/mL; approximately 1 × 10 BMSCs). Treatment with BMSC-EXOs greatly reduced neuronal cell death, improved myelin arrangement and reduced myelin loss, increased pericyte/endothelial cell coverage on the vascular wall, decreased blood-spinal cord barrier leakage, reduced caspase 1 expression, inhibited interleukin-1β release, and accelerated locomotor functional recovery in rats with spinal cord injury. In the cell culture experiment, pericytes were treated with interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α. Then, Lipofectamine 3000 was used to deliver lipopolysaccharide into the cells, and the cells were co-incubated with adenosine triphosphate to simulate injury in vitro. Pre-treatment with BMSC-EXOs for 8 hours greatly reduced pericyte pyroptosis and increased pericyte survival rate. These findings suggest that BMSC-EXOs may protect pericytes by inhibiting pyroptosis and by improving blood-spinal cord barrier integrity, thereby promoting the survival of neurons and the extension of nerve fibers, and ultimately improving motor function in rats with spinal cord injury. All protocols were conducted with the approval of the Animal Ethics Committee of Zhengzhou University on March 16, 2019.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.314323DOI Listing
January 2022

Spinal Cord Syphilitic Gumma Presenting with Brown-Séquard Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Ann Clin Lab Sci 2019 Mar;49(2):265-270

Department of Neurosurgery, Jinjiang Municipal Hospital, Jinjiang, Fujian, China.

Background: Spinal neurosyphilis manifesting as a solitary syphilitic gumma is exceedingly rare. There are non-specific imaging findings and challenges in the diagnosis of spinal syphilitic gumma, which could be easily misdiagnosed as tumor lesions and require surgical resection or biopsy.

Clinical Presentation: We report the case of a 45-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with Spinal syphilitic gumma. Our case is the first reported case of spinal cord syphilitic gumma with intradural-extramedullary and intramedullary involvement.

Conclusion: Spinal syphilitic gumma exhibits diverse clinical manifestations, lacks specific imaging features, accompanied by the patient's history deliberately concealed. Since clinicians do not have sufficient knowledge about such rare cases, misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis will be likely. When there is clinical suspicion for spinal syphilitic gumma, clinicians should pay close attention to relevant medical history, carry out a comprehensive physical examination and specific serological tests and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis. In summary, in cases with stable neurologic conditions, a trial administration of intravenous penicillin with follow-up imaging may be the optimal treatment option, and in cases with rapid progression or acute exacerbation, a surgical resection together with systemic antibiotic treatment for syphilis after surgery may be the best treatment strategy.
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March 2019

Serum miR-4530 sensitizes breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy by suppressing RUNX2.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 9;10:4393-4400. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Breast Surgery, Affiliated Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, People's Republic of China,

Purpose: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) plays a pivotal role in the treatment of locally advanced breast cancer (LABC); however, breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, individual responses to chemotherapy are highly variable. Therefore, the purpose of the current research is to identify biomarkers that can predict the chemotherapeutic response.

Patients And Methods: We recruited 78 patients with primary breast cancer who underwent taxane- and anthracycline-based NAC; these patients were divided into sensitive and resistant groups according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria. The microRNA microarray was conducted to explore differentially expressed miRNAs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) further validated the relationship between miR-4530 and chemosensitivity in breast cancer patients.

Results: No significant differences were observed between the two groups regarding the clinicopathological characteristics. miR-4530 showed the most potential involving breast cancer chemosensitivity. Mechanically, RUNX2 was identified one of the direct targets of miR-4530 and responsible for breast cancer chemosensitivity.

Conclusion: Our results revealed that elevated serum miR-4530 levels may sensitize breast cancer to taxane- and anthracycline-based NAC by suppressing RUNX2; therefore, this miRNA has the potential to be a new biomarker for predicting breast cancer chemosensitivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S172205DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188109PMC
October 2018

Normal and cancerous mammary stem cells evade interferon-induced constraint through the miR-199a-LCOR axis.

Nat Cell Biol 2017 Jun 22;19(6):711-723. Epub 2017 May 22.

Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.

Tumour-initiating cells, or cancer stem cells (CSCs), possess stem-cell-like properties observed in normal adult tissue stem cells. Normal and cancerous stem cells may therefore share regulatory mechanisms for maintaining self-renewing capacity and resisting differentiation elicited by cell-intrinsic or microenvironmental cues. Here, we show that miR-199a promotes stem cell properties in mammary stem cells and breast CSCs by directly repressing nuclear receptor corepressor LCOR, which primes interferon (IFN) responses. Elevated miR-199a expression in stem-cell-enriched populations protects normal and malignant stem-like cells from differentiation and senescence induced by IFNs that are produced by epithelial and immune cells in the mammary gland. Importantly, the miR-199a-LCOR-IFN axis is activated in poorly differentiated ER breast tumours, functionally promotes tumour initiation and metastasis, and is associated with poor clinical outcome. Our study therefore reveals a common mechanism shared by normal and malignant stem cells to protect them from suppressive immune cytokine signalling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncb3533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5481166PMC
June 2017

Similar outcomes between adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast and invasive ductal carcinoma: a population-based study from the SEER 18 database.

Oncotarget 2017 Jan;8(4):6206-6215

Department of Breast Surgery, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast (breast-ACC) is a rare and indolent tumor with a good prognosis despite its triple-negative status. However, we observed different outcomes in the present study. Utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we enrolled a total of 89,937 eligible patients with an estimated 86 breast-ACC cases and 89,851 invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) patients. In our study, breast-ACC among women presented with a higher proportion of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which was more likely to feature well-differentiated tumors, rare regional lymph node involvement and greater application of breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with breast-ACC and breast-IDC patients had similar breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS). Moreover, using the propensity score matching method, no significant difference in survival was observed in matched pairs of breast-ACC and breast-IDC patients. Additionally, BCSS and OS did not differ significantly between TNBC-ACC and TNBC-IDC after matching patients for age, tumor size, and nodal status. Further subgroup analysis of molecular subtype indicated improved survival in breast-ACC patients with hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/Her2-) tumors compared to IDC patients with HR+/Her2- tumors. However, the survival of ACC-TNBC and IDC-TNBC patients was similar. In conclusion, ACCs have an indolent clinical course and result in similar outcomes compared to IDC. Understanding these clinical characteristics and outcomes will endow doctors with evidence to provide the same intensive treatment for ACC-TNBC as for IDC-TNBC and lead to more individualized and tailored therapies for breast-ACC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.14052DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5351624PMC
January 2017

The different outcomes between breast-conserving surgery and mastectomy in triple-negative breast cancer: a population-based study from the SEER 18 database.

Oncotarget 2017 Jan;8(3):4773-4780

Department of Breast Surgery, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) including radiotherapy (RT) has been demonstrated to provide at least equivalent prognosis to mastectomy in early-stage breast cancer. However, studies on triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients are relatively scarce. The current population-based study aimed to investigate the distinct outcomes between BCS+RT and mastectomy in patients with TNBC. Utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we enrolled 11,514 female TNBC cases diagnosed during the years 2010-2013. Those patients were subdivided into BCS+RT (5,469) and mastectomy groups (6,045), and we conducted a survival comparison between the two groups. The endpoints were breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS). In the overall cohort, patients with BCS+RT exhibited distinctly better breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) (log-rank, p < 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (log-rank, p < 0.001) than did mastectomy patients. When stratifying the TNBC patients according to age, histology grade, TNM stage, tumor size, and lymph node (LN) status, most patients in the BCS+RT group presented with better survival than did the patients in the mastectomy group, except for the grade I (log-rank, p = 0.830, both BCSS and OS) and stage I (log-rank, BCSS, p = 0.127; OS, p = 0.093) patients. In addition, after adjusting for confounding variables by multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis, BCS+RT still tended to present with higher BCSS and OS. In conclusion, from our study on SEER data, BCS+RT displayed elevated BCSS and OS in TNBC patients compared to mastectomy, at least equally. Our study provided further evidence for surgeons that BCS with RT is available for TNBC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.13976DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5354870PMC
January 2017

The association of uric acid with leukoaraiosis.

J Int Med Res 2017 Feb 7;45(1):75-81. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

2 Department of Neurology, Hospital of Jinjiang City, Jinjiang, Fujian Province, China.

Objective To explore the possible correlation between uric acid levels and leukoaraiosis (LA). Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled patients who presented with some neurological discomfort (e.g. dizziness, headache, mild cognitive impairment). Potential demographic and clinical risk factors associated with LA, including sex, age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcohol consumption, dyslipidaemia, plasma fibrinogen, D-dimer, uric acid, and homocysteine, were investigated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results A total of 268 patients were enrolled in the study and divided into the LA group ( n = 164) and the non-LA group ( n = 104). Compared with the non-LA group, uric acid was significantly higher in the LA group (mean ± SD: 356.49 ± 121.85 µmol/l versus 289.96 ± 102.98 µmol/l). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that uric acid was an independent risk factor for LA (odds ratio 1.285; 95% confidence interval 1.062, 1.556). Conclusion Hyperuricaemia was an independent risk factor for leukoaraiosis in Chinese patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060516674353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5536588PMC
February 2017

High expression of microRNA-454 is associated with poor prognosis in triple-negative breast cancer.

Oncotarget 2016 Oct;7(40):64900-64909

Department of Breast Surgery, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer in Shanghai, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China.

MicroRNA-454 (miR-454) has been reported to play an oncogenic or tumor suppressor role in most cancers. However, the clinical relevance of miR-454 in breast cancer remains unclear. We examined the expression of miR-454 in a tissue microarray containing 534 breast cancer specimens from female patients at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center using in situ hybridization (ISH). Of these, 250 patients formed the training set and the other 284 were the validation set. The relationship between miR-454 and clinical outcome was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. High expression of miR-454 indicated worse disease-free survival (DFS) in both cohorts (P = 0.006 for training set; P = 0.010 for validation set). Furthermore, in the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype, miR-454 was positively correlated with worse clinical outcome (P = 0.013 for training set, P = 0.014 for validation set). In addition, patients in the low miR-454 expression cohort had better response to anthracycline compared to non-anthracycline chemotherapy (P = 0.056), but this difference was not observed in the high miR-454 expression cohort. Our findings indicated that miR-454 is a potential predictor of prognosis and chemotherapy response in TNBC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.11764DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5323124PMC
October 2016

Effect of nodal status on clinical outcomes of triple-negative breast cancer: a population-based study using the SEER 18 database.

Oncotarget 2016 Jul;7(29):46636-46645

Department of Breast Surgery, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis. Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database (2010-2012) were used to identify 10,771 patients with TNBC, and we assessed the effects of lymph node (LN) status on breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS). In our study, a Kaplan-Meier plot showed that LN-negative patients (N0) had better survival outcomes than LN-positive patients and that patients with ≥10 positive LNs (N3) exhibited the worst survival outcomes regardless of tumor size. A pairwise comparison showed no difference in survival outcomes among each group stratified by tumor size. Further, for LN-positive patients with a tumor size ≤2 cm (T1) or >5 cm (T3), there were similar outcomes between patients with one to three LNs (N1) and those with four to nine LNs (N2), whereas N1 patients experienced significantly better survival outcomes than N3 patients (P<0.001). Therefore, ten metastatic lymph nodes was the cut-off value for poor prognosis. Nevertheless, for patients with a tumor size of 2-5 cm (T2), the extent of LN involvement contributed prognostic value to OS but not BCSS. In summary, we found that nodal status and tumor size exhibited distinct interaction patterns for predicting the outcomes of TNBC. These results provide deeper insight into the prognostic value of nodal status in TNBC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.9432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5216824PMC
July 2016

Difference in characteristics and outcomes between medullary breast carcinoma and invasive ductal carcinoma: a population based study from SEER 18 database.

Oncotarget 2016 Apr;7(16):22665-73

Department of Breast Surgery, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Medullary breast carcinoma (MBC) is a unique histological subtype of breast cancer. Our study was designed to identify difference in characteristics and outcomes between MBC and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), and further confirm the prognostic factors of MBC. Utilizing Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER), we identified 84,764 eligible patients, including 309 MBC and 84,455 IDC. Compared with the IDC group, the MBC group was associated with younger age at diagnosis, higher grade, more advanced stage, larger tumor size, and higher proportion of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate Cox proportional hazard regression model showed that patients with IDC had significantly better breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) compared to MBC, but they had similar overall survival (OS). However, MBC histology was no longer a surrogate for worse BCSS or OS after 1:1 matching by age, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, grade and breast subtype. In addition, it was exposed that not married status, high grade, large tumor size, positive nodal status, the subtype of TNBC and no receipt of radiation therapy were significantly associated with poor BCSS and OS. In conclusion, MBC demonstrated more aggressive behavior but similar outcomes compared to IDC, which may be determined by prognostic factors such as breast subtype. These results not only confer deeper insight into MBC but contribute to individualized and tailored therapy, and thereby may improve clinical management and outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.8142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5008390PMC
April 2016

[Effect of p65 gene inhibited by siRNA on differention of rat marrow mesenchymal stem cells into neurons].

Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi 2015 May;31(3):254-8

Objective: To investigate the effect of p65 gene inhibited by siRNA on neuronic differentiation in the marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).

Methods: The MSCs were transfected with Rn-p65-siRNA. Fasudil hydrochloride induced MSCs differentiating into neurons. The non-transfected group and negative control group (transfected with negative control siRNA marked by Cy3) were used as controls. The fluorescence expressed by transfected MSCs were observed under inverted fluorescence microscope at 24 h,48 h and 72 h after transfected with negative control siRNA. The viability of MSCs was detected by MTT at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after transfected with Rn-p65-siRNA. The expressions of p65 mRNA and protein in MSCs were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. The expressions of p65 protein, NSE, MAP-2 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were detected by immunocytochemical method after transfection for 6 h.

Results: The fluorescence of MSCs was mostly displayed after transfection of 72 hours and the efficiency of transfection was up to 83.3% ± 3.8%. Meanwhile, the p65 mRNA and p65 protein expressed by MSCs of transfected group were significantly decreased (P < 0.05); MTT displayed that the viability of MSCs was also significantly reduced (P < 0.05). The best efficiency of induction was observed in the transfected group. There were higher expressions of NSE and MAP-2 than the other group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: The p65 gene inhibited by siRNA can promote the marrow mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into neurons.
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May 2015

[Clinical research of electroacupuncture at acupoints of qijie area combined with spine balance-regulating massage on posterior circulation ischemia].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2014 Sep;34(9):841-5

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy difference between electroacupuncture (EA) at qijie area combined with spine balance-regulating massage and medication for posterior circulation ischemia (PCI).

Methods: One hundred cases of PCI were randomly divided into a treatment group (50 cases) and a medication group (50 cases). The treatment group was treated with EA at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Fengchi (GB 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Danzhong (CV 17), etc. in qijie area combined with spine muscle-relieving massage and comprehensive chiropractic. The medication group was treated with oral administration of nimodipine (30 mg per time, three treatments per day) and vinpocetine injection with 500 mL of glucose injection or intravenous drip of 500 mL 0.9% sodium chloride injection, once a day. Ten treatments were taken as one course in both groups, and two courses were given. The symptom score, mean resistance index (RI) of vertebral artery (VA) and basilar artery (BA), mean velocity of blood flow (Vm) and comprehensive clinical efficacy were compared before and after treatment in two groups.

Results: The cured and markedly effective rate was 79.6% (39/49) in the treatment group, which was superior to 54.7% (23/42) in the medication group (P<0.05). The symptom score was both significantly improved after treatment in two groups (both P<0.05), which was more obvious in the treatment group (P<0.05). The RI of VA and BA, Vm of VA and BA were significantly improved after treatment in two groups (all P<0.05), which were more obvious in the treatment group (all P<0.05).

Conclusion: The electroacupuncture combined with spine balance-regulating massage has superior effect on improving mean velocity of blood flow and resistance index of vertebral artery and basilar artery as well as symptom score to medication, and is believed to be a safe and effective treatment for posterior circulation ischemia.
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September 2014

[Screening on antiosteoporotic active parts of dipsacus radix based on zebrafish model].

Zhong Yao Cai 2014 Apr;37(4):635-40

Objective: Prednisolone-induced osteoporosis model using zebrafish was used to screen the antiosteoporotic active parts of Dipsacus Radix, in order to investigate the applicability and rationality of the zebrafish model of osteoporosis.

Methods: Zebrafish larvae at 5 days post fertilization (dpf) were exposed with 25 micromol/L prednisolone and 0.5% DMSO for 48 h, then except one group of 25 micromol/L prednisolone, other groups of 25 micromol/L prednisolone were treated with a range of concentration (0.025, 0.25, 2.5, 25 microg crude drug/mL) of extract of Dipsacus Radix and its different concentration ethanol elution parts of macroporous resin with 25 micromol/L prednisolone. All groups were incubated in 24-well plates (28.5 degrees C) until 10 dpf. Zebrafish skeleton at 10 dpf were anesthetized and fixed for staining with alizarin red. Quantitative analysis of the stained area was performed by microscopic inspection and digital imaging methods to reflect the amount of zebrafish head skeleton mineralization.

Results: The results indicated that head skeleton mineral area and integrated optical density (IOD) of 25 micromol/L prednisolone model group were significantly decreased when compared with vehicle control group, and the extract of Dipsacus Radix and its 30%, 50%, 70% and 90% ethanol elution parts of macroporous resin rescued the further bone loss of zebrafish induced by prednisolone when compared with the model group. HPLC analysis indicated that components of 30%, 50%, 70% and 90% ethanol elution parts of macroporous resin containing saponins and nonsaponins components.

Conclusion: Both saponins and nonsaponins can prevent bone loss of zebrafish induced by prednisolone. This novel osteoporosis zebrafish model was successfully used to screen antiosteoporotic active parts of Dipsacus Radix, which had advantages of simple, high efficiency and easy to perform.
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April 2014

[Ideas and methods of two-dimensional zebrafish model combined with chromatographic techniques in high-throughput screening of active anti-osteoporosis components of traditional Chinese medicines].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2014 May;39(9):1739-42

Objective: To break through the restrictions of the evaluation model and the quantity of compounds by using the two-dimensional zebrafish model combined with chromatographic techniques, and establish a new method for the high-throughput screening of active anti-osteoporosis components.

Method: According to the research group-related studies and relevant foreign literatures, on the basis of the fact that the zebrafish osteoporosis model could efficiently evaluate the activity, the zebrafish metabolism model could efficiently enrich metabolites and the chromatographic techniques could efficiently separate and analyze components of traditional Chinese medicines, we proposed that the inherent combination of the three methods is expected to efficiently decode in vivo and in vitro efficacious anti-osteoporosis materials of traditional Chinese medicines.

Result And Conclusion: The method makes it simple and efficient in the enrichment, separation and analysis on components of traditional Chinese medicines, particularly micro-components and metabolites and the screening anti-osteoporosis activity, fully reflects that efficacious materials of traditional Chinese medicines contain original components and metabolites, with characteristic of "multi-components, multi-targets and integral effect", which provides new ideas and methods for the early and rapid discovery of active anti-osteoporosis components of traditional Chinese medicines.
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May 2014

Reuse of sewage sludge as a catalyst in ozonation--efficiency for the removal of oxalic acid and the control of bromate formation.

J Hazard Mater 2012 Nov 16;239-240:381-8. Epub 2012 Sep 16.

State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, People's Republic of China.

Sewage derived sludge is produced with an annual amount increase of 2% all over the world and it is an urgent issue to be addressed by human being. In the present study, sludge was converted into sludge-based catalyst (SBC) with ZnCl2 as activation agent and characterized by several methods (e.g., scanning electron microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectroscope and Fourier transform infrared spectroscope). Then it was used as a catalyst to enhance the removal of refractory organic matter, oxalic acid, and to control the formation of bromate (BrO3-) in bench semi-continuous ozonation experiments. The effects of various operating parameters on the control of BrO3- formation were investigated. Furthermore, the mechanism for the enhancement of organic matter removal and the control of BrO3- formation was discussed as well. Results indicate that the combination of SBC with ozone shows a strong synergistic effect, resulting in a notable improvement on oxalic acid removal. A crucial surface reaction mechanism for the enhancement of organic matter removal is proposed on the basis of negative effect of higher pH and no inhibition effect of tert-butanol. The control for BrO3- formation was demonstrated and the reason for its control in the process of O3/SBC is the combined effect of SBC reductive properties, ozone exposure decrease and hydrogen peroxide concentration increase.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.09.016DOI Listing
November 2012

[Significance of soluble DLL1 in diagnosis of intracranial infectious diseases in children].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2011 Mar;13(3):205-7

Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

Objective: To investigate the significance of soluble DLL1 (Delta-like-1) levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum in the diagnosis of intracranial infection in children.

Methods: Fifty children with intracranial infection, including 20 cases of tuberculous meningitis (TM), 20 cases of viral meningitis (VM) and 10 cases of purulent meningitis (PM), and 20 children without intracranial infection (control group) were enrolled. The levels of soluble DLL1 in CSF and serum were measured using ELISA.

Results: The level of CSF soluble DLL1 in the TM group was significantly higher than that in the VM, PM and control groups (2.89 ± 1.72 ng/mL vs 0.14 ± 0.14 ng/mL, 0.27 ± 0.21 ng/mL, 0.13 ± 0.12 ng/mL; P<0.01). The level of serum soluble DLL1 in the TM group was also significantly higher than that in the VM, PM and control groups (12.61 ± 6.45 ng/mL vs 2.28 ± 2.27 ng/mL, 2.38 ± 1.79 ng/mL, 2.26 ± 2.10 ng/mL; P<0.01). The levels of soluble DLL1 in the CSF and serum in the VM and PM groups were not significantly different from those in the control group.

Conclusions: Soluble DLL1 as a novel indicator might have potentially important value in the diagnosis of TM.
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March 2011

[Effect of notch signaling on differentiation of rat marrow mesenchymal stem cells into neurons induced by fasudil hydrochloride].

Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi 2010 Nov;26(4):428-32

Department of Neurology, Hainan Provincial People's Hospital, Haikou 570311, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of notch signaling on differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into neurons induced by fasudil hydrochloride.

Methods: The experiments were divided into non-transfected group, transfected group (transfected with Rn-Notch1-siRNA), positive control group (transfected with Rn-MAPK-1 Control siRNA) and negative control group (transfected with negative control siRNA). Fasudil hydrochloride induced MSCs differentiating into neurons. The fluorescence expressed by transfected MSCs were observed under inverted fluorescence microscope. The expression of notch1 mRNA, Hes1 mRNA and MAPK1 mRNA in MSCs was detected by RT-PCR. The expression of Notch1 protein, NSE, neurofilament M (NF-M) and glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP)was detected by immunocytochemical method. The viability of MSCs was detected by MTT.

Results: (1) The fluorescence of MSCs was mostly displayed after transfection for 72 h and the efficiency of transfection was up to 91.3% +/- 4.2%. Meanwhile, the notch1 mRNA and Hes1 mRNA expressed by MSCs of transfected group were significantly decreased (P < 0.05) and MTT displayed that the viability of MSCs was also significantly reduced (P < 0.05). (2) Fasudil hydrochloride could induce MSCs differentiate into neurons and the best efficiency of induction was observed in the transfected group. There was higher expression of NSE and neurofilament-M (NF-M) than the other groups (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: There may be notch1 signaling and Rho/Rho GTPase signaling synergy on differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cell into neurons induced by fasudil hydrochloride and they jointly promote the differentiation of MSCs into neurons.
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November 2010

Expression and significance of DSCAM in the cerebral cortex of APP transgenic mice.

Neurosci Lett 2011 Mar 15;491(2):153-7. Epub 2011 Jan 15.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1, East Jian She Road, Zhengzhou, Henan Province 450052, China.

Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule (DSCAM) plays important roles in the regulation of synaptogenesis, neurite outgrowth, axon guidance and synapse formation. Overexpression of DSCAM in Down syndrome (DS) may be involved in the pathogenesis of mental retardation through an inhibitory action on synaptogenesis/neurite outgrowth, and in the precocious dementia associated with an amyloid precursor protein (APP) dosage effect with enhanced plaque formation. In this report we examined the expression of DSCAM in the cerebral cortex of APP transgenic mice versus age-matched wild-type mice. We found that the level of DSCAM expression increased with increasing age in both groups of mice, up to a maximum at 3 months old. The level of DSCAM expression in APP transgenic mice was significantly higher than in the age-matched wild types. We propose that overexpression of DSCAM in the cerebral cortex might play an important role in the learning and memory defects of APP transgenic mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2011.01.028DOI Listing
March 2011

Characteristics of adsorbents made from biological, chemical and hybrid sludges and their effect on organics removal in wastewater treatment.

Water Res 2011 Jan 17;45(2):819-27. Epub 2010 Sep 17.

State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, PR China.

Meso-macropore adsorbents were prepared from biological sludge, chemical sludge and hybrid sludge of biological and chemical sludges, by chemically activating with 18.0 M H(2)SO(4) in the mass ratio of 1:3, and then pyrolyzing at 550 °C for 1 h in anoxic atmosphere. The physical and chemical characteristics of the sludge-based adsorbents were examined in terms of surface physical morphology, specific surface area and pore size distribution, aluminum and iron contents, surface functional groups and crystal structure. Furthermore, the adsorption effect of these adsorbents on the organic substances in wastewater was also investigated. The results indicated that the adsorption capacities of the sludge-based adsorbents for UV(254) were lower than that of commercial activated carbon (AC), whereas the adsorption capacities of the adsorbents prepared from hybrid sludge (HA) and chemical sludge (CA) for soluble COD(Cr) (SCOD(Cr)) were comparable or even higher than that of the commercial AC. The reasons might be that the HA and CA possessed well-developed mesopore and macropore structure, as well as abundant acidic surface functional groups. However, the lowest adsorption efficiency was observed for the biological sludge-based adsorbent, which might be due to the lowest metal content and overabundance of surface acidic functional groups in this adsorbent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.09.008DOI Listing
January 2011