Publications by authors named "Le Yi Phyo"

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Fecal microbiome alterations in pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome receiving a rotating cycle of gastrointestinal prophylactic antibiotics.

Pediatr Surg Int 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Translational Medicine Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, 90110, Songkhla, Thailand.

Background: Pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) are at risk of developing small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Prevention of SIBO using cyclic enteric antibiotics has been implemented to control the balance in microbial ecosystems, although its effectiveness has not been well studied.

Purpose: This study aimed to explore the change in the gut microbial composition in SBS patients during cyclic antibiotic phases and antibiotic-free period, and to compare the microbiota composition between healthy controls and SBS patients.

Method: SBS patients taking oral metronidazole alternating with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMT) and antibiotic-free conditions as a '10-day cyclic protocol' were involved in fecal microbiome study using Illumina 16S sequencing.

Results: When healthy control possessed the majority of Bacteroidetes spp. (54%) and Firmicutes spp. (33%), the microbial composition in SBS patients especially Firmicutes spp. and Proteobacteria spp. was prominently changed in each phase of treatment. In antibiotic-free period, SBS patients displayed 49% Firmicutes and 36% Proteobacteria. However, higher Proteobacteria than Firmicutes were detected at the commencement of metronidazole (58% versus 33%). Similarly, 56% Proteobacteria and 27% Firmicutes were found during TMP-SMT. Escherichia coli increased prominently during the antibiotic periods.

Conclusion: Prophylactic antibiotics change the gut microbiota composition in an unfavorable direction, especially when repeatedly used for a long period. This practice should be reconsidered.

Level Of Evidence: III.
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June 2021